Interesting and fascinating fate in this model. GAZ 69 stood on Gorky, and then on the Ulyanovsk conveyor for two decades - not a record for Soviet cars. His successor UAZ 469, modernizing, has been doing since 1972 to this day. But the 69th in two decades has captured as many as three different eras: it was born under Stalin, when everyone was waiting for a new war to begin; youth and maturity of the “goat” fell on the thaw years - the time of great construction projects, spiritual uplift and development of virgin lands; he also captured the Brezhnev era of "developed socialism." And the machines worked, especially in the outback, after being discontinued for another couple of decades.
Police GAZ 69 served in the second half of the 1970s. True, in that decade they were at first of a light dirty green color, and then, as required by the new GOST, they turned yellow-blue. The car that is now in front of me is painted in the early police color - dark blue.The principle of the GAZ 69 interior is asceticism and, again, asceticism. But the roof, electric wipers, and even the stove are available! GAZ 69 devices - with external illumination. Fans were installed in cars in those years quite often. To the right under the dashboard is a walkie-talkie. Household drivers attached home-made pockets to the doors. Of course, for something most necessary. The principle of the GAZ 69 interior is asceticism and, again, asceticism. But the roof, electric wipers, and even the stove are available! GAZ 69 devices - with external illumination. Fans were installed in cars in those years quite often. To the right under the dashboard is a walkie-talkie. Household drivers attached home-made pockets to the doors. Of course, for something most necessary. It’s hard not to understand such instructions for driving and communicating with fuel tanks. It’s hard not to understand such instructions for driving and communicating with fuel tanks.
The detained and (or) service dogs in the gaziki did not see much comfort. But the roof over your head is solid. The detained and (or) service dogs in the gaziki did not see much comfort. But the roof over your head is solid.
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By the standards of the early 1950s, when the GAZ 69 got on the Gorky conveyor, it was a very decent car, even against the background of the then imported classmates. It was noticeably different from the cars of the war - the American SUV Willys and GAZ 67B. It is from these models, of course, that the designers repelled. Compared to the GAZ 67, the GAZ 69 base grew by only 200 mm, and eight people fit in it - almost a compartment (the so-called commander GAZ 69A was also produced - a four-door, five-seat). The power, compared with the power of the motor of the 67th, did not grow much - from 54 to 55 hp, but after all, with a working volume of four cylinders, 2.1 liters instead of 3.3 liters for GAZ 67. A downshift appeared (lower - 2 78, the top row - 1.15), the car found doors that the standard 67th was deprived of, and even the interior heater.
Of course, GAZ 69 was addressed primarily to the army. But such a machine was also necessary for the village. Farmers quickly appreciated the strength of the suspension and the highest cross-country ability. Of course, the components and assemblies did not differ in durability. The automobile designer working at the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant, the son of a woman, a collective farm agronomist, told me that it was the sight of my mother who was always busy with the official “goat” that prompted him to choose this profession. But the low reliability of the machine was partly offset by its maintainability.
Gas workers exported quite actively (some of them with forced motors), not only to the social camp and countries of the Third World, but also to Iceland, and in small quantities even to Italy.
Police GAZ 69 worked both in the provinces and in large cities. On the periphery, ordinary cars with an awning often served. In cities, gradually became more and more of these cars with a hard roof. They were made, without further ado, by the simplest methods of specialized workshops. The roof is steel, the ceiling is plywood. Behind the back door is a compartment for detainees or a service dog. Remember Lieutenant Glazychev from the once-very popular film “Come to Me, Mukhtar!” Which traveled to the back of a jeep along with a four-legged work colleague?
The jeep, which we are currently not fast but confidently driving on call, is remarkable in that it is not made of the usual, standard, like many modern special vehicles. The real police car of 1966 was miraculously preserved in a village near Volgograd. By the way, it was in the year of the birth of this machine, in 1966, that the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs was transformed into the Ministry of Public Order Protection. But already in 1968 they returned the former, more familiar name.
Of course, during the restoration of this veteran I had to change a lot of components and assemblies, but the basis is genuine. Ornaments such as the chrome-plated headlamp rims and the abnormal light button of the sound signal were made specially - and completely in the spirit of that time. Then many sentimental drivers, including in uniform, decorated official cars in a similar way out of special sympathy for them.
Everyone knew the Gorky and Ulyanovsk mass SUVs in the USSR. But there were less known versions, as well as almost unknown ones.
| The prototype of the UAZ 455 dump truck with a carrying capacity of 500 kg was made in Ulyanovsk in 1958. There was also an experienced UAZ 456 truck tractor. A prototype UAZ 455 dump truck with a payload capacity of 500 kg was made in Ulyanovsk in 1958. There was also an experienced UAZ 456 truck tractor.|| On the basis of GAZ 69, sweepers were made in small quantities, more compact and brisk than trucks based on trucks. On the basis of GAZ 69, sweepers were made in small quantities, more compact and brisk than trucks based on trucks.|| In Iceland, where, in particular, GAZ 69 was exported, they built their own, pretty pretty closed bodies. In Iceland, where, in particular, GAZ 69 was exported, they built their own, pretty pretty closed bodies.
This is now a ride on the GAZ 69 causes a smile, and someone is probably horrified. To get into a car through a narrow door, oppressed by a spare wheel (well, not dirty yet!), And even more so to get out is already an art. The pedals and steering are tight. Switching without the shameful gear crunch in a box for a real driver requires skills. The efficiency of the brakes is small, to put it mildly, and their operation is not synchronous (attempts to adjust the brakes so that the car is not pulled to the side, sometimes were successful, but for a long time were still not enough) are partially “compensated” by losses in the transmission: let go of the gas pedal and the car is already essentially slows down.
But at that time, all this was trivial, and the control of a gas-powered machine was ordinary, everyday, and even, in general, a pleasant job. After all, riding in a car with a hardtop and a stove, you must agree, is much better than a motorcycle with a sidecar, which was very popular in those years with police vehicles. So tremble, citizens violators - we are about to arrive!
And at the same time hold on, modern crossovers! All these holes, the more so, the speed bumps, nothing at all! True, overcoming irregularities on an unloaded machine without a noticeable speed drop, we must prepare for the fact that the fifth fulcrum will jump over a not too soft seat, and the head will try to break through the plywood ceiling. But, if necessary, we’ll turn on the front axle and lowering - and we’ll crawl into such dirt or snow, from one view of which the fancy headlights of modern dude “SUVs” will become square.
Today, the GAZ 69 is undoubtedly one of the people’s favorite veteran cars. And not only because many came across him at work - in cities, rural areas and, of course, in the army. By the way, 69 x in personal possession in those distant years was practically nonexistent. Rare private cars were purchased far from new, as a rule, decommissioned, and even then usually by pull. The reason for the special sympathy for the "goat" is its specific character, direct and unsophisticated. GAZ 69 has something in common with cinematic policemen of the 1960s: laconic, who do not pretend to Megre laurels, who are not carried away by the deductive method, but not simpletons at all, but with a cunning mind. And most importantly - honest and fair.GAZ 69 GAZ 69
Life is not often like a movie, rather - rarely. But looking at these movie heroes is still nice.
And the jeep is not invented at all, but quite material - from metal, with the addition of rubber, plastic and plywood. He knows his service - he brought it to the challenge, albeit not cosmically swiftly. Yes, and you can be friends with him. Of course, showing some indulgence. But this is an indispensable condition for normal relations.
The heyday of GAZ 69's service career came in the 1960s, when Soviet cinema created several memorable images of policemen, charming in their own way. Films about them are still being watched.
| The village policeman Fedor Ivanovich Aniskin (actor Mikhail Zharov, “Village Detective”, 1968; two more pictures with this hero were later released) went in the first film on an ordinary GAZ 69 with a tarpaulin top. The village policeman Fedor Ivanovich Aniskin (actor Mikhail Zharov, “Village Detective”, 1968; two more pictures with this hero were later released) went in the first film on an ordinary GAZ 69 with a tarpaulin top.|| Lieutenant Glazychev (actor Yuri Nikulin, “Come to me, Mukhtar!”, 1968) and his faithful Mukhtar arrived at the scene in exactly the same hard-top gazette as I met. Lieutenant Glazychev (actor Yuri Nikulin, “Come to me, Mukhtar!”, 1968) and his faithful Mukhtar arrived at the scene in exactly the same hard-top gazette as I met.|| The district police officer Vasily Serezhkin (actor Valery Zolotukhin, “The owner of the taiga”, 1964) did not drive a car. The taiga, after all … The district police officer Vasily Serezhkin (actor Valery Zolotukhin, “The owner of the taiga”, 1964) did not drive a car. Taiga, after all …
The development of an SUV, designed to replace the GAZ 67B, began already in 1946. Prototypes were called the Worker. The eight-seater GAZ 69 and five-seater GAZ 69A have been mass-produced in Gorky since 1952. In terms of engine and three-speed gearbox, the car is as much as possible unified with Victory GAZ-M20.
From 1954 to 1972, cars of this family were produced in Ulyanovsk. UAZ was stamped on the hood, however, in the documents, officially, the cars were still designated by the abbreviation GAZ. 2.4 liter engines with a power of 62 or 66 hp were installed on a part of export cars.