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Pros of a used car

Low price and the possibility of bargaining. This is the main advantage of buying a used car. If the car is a year or two, it will cost 20-30% cheaper than the same new one.

Haggle if you buy a used car. Car owners overstate the cost of cars to bargain with the buyer at a meeting.

The owner of the car will not reduce the cost for no reason. To find all the flaws, take the car to a car service for diagnostics. Worn shock absorbers (for example) are a serious reason to bargain.

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Wizards will evaluate the condition of the electronics, engine, brakes and suspension, inspect the body and check the thickness of the varnish. They will determine if the car was in an accident. After the diagnosis, you will understand how much it will cost to repair the machine and whether it is worth buying at all.

Thanks to the low price, you can buy a car of a class higher: for example, instead of the new BMW 1-Series, buy a used BMW 3-Series. If the car is no more than three years old, most likely it is in good condition.

Optional equipment. Typically, the first owner installs everything necessary on the machine, for example, an alarm and crankcase protection. Some owners make soundproofing.

The previous owner can give you a cool car radio, custom wheels and floor mats. If you're lucky - even a set of winter tires.

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Eliminated factory defects. Probably, the former owner eliminated the entire factory defect of the car under warranty from an authorized dealer. For example, a faulty thermostat.

Sometimes factory marriages are truly dangerous. For example, a defect in the gas pedal, which leads to spontaneous acceleration of the car. Due to such a defect, in 2009 Toyota recalled more than four million cars.

Cons of a used car

Diagnostic and repair costs. The older the car, the greater the cost of maintenance, especially with high mileage. For three years, many parts of the car wear out, because of this, it breaks more often.

Before signing a contract of sale, conduct a car diagnosis in a car service. Diagnostics cost 1–5 thousand rubles, depending on the amount of work.

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If you buy a car older than seven years, do not count on its trouble-free operation. Pick up a car for two or three years, then you do not have to spend a lot of money on repairs - it will be enough to change the oil and brake linings.

Stale car interior . Salon is smoky or dirty. If there is an unpleasant odor in the cabin and spots on the seats, sign up for dry cleaning. At a car wash, a full dry-cleaner of a car costs 3-5 thousand rubles. If the cabin is clean, a simple wet cleaning is enough. The price of a car wash is from 200 rubles.

Do not buy a car with an unpleasant odor in the cabin, especially if you have small children. If the smell is persistent, it will be difficult to get rid of it.

Possible legal issues. A used car may be credit or stolen. Check it by VIN-code and license plates on the official website of the traffic police. You will find out if the car is wanted, whether it got into an accident and whether registration is prohibited.

Check the car for VIN-code on the website of the traffic police

The previous owner could have pledged a car in a bank. If the seller does not pay the loan, the car, as a pledged item, will be taken from you. Check the car for VIN-code on the website of the Federal Notary Chamber.

Check car by VIN-code on the website of the Federal Notary Chamber

If you do not want to face these problems and check the car - buy it from a dealer. Before accepting a used car for trade-in, a car dealership performs diagnostics and checks if it was in an accident. Buying a used car from a dealer is safer.

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No manufacturer warranty. Most likely, a used car had an official warranty. When something happens to the machine, you will repair it at your own expense.

If the engine or gearbox breaks down, repairs can cost several hundred thousand rubles. Have to shell out, take a loan or ride the subway.

If you are not ready for unexpected expenses, buy a new car and enjoy the warranty from the manufacturer.

Which car to choose: new or used

Before you buy a car, plan your budget.

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When buying a used car, evaluate the costs of diagnostics, maintenance and dry cleaning at familiar car washes, deteyling centers and car repair shops. The best option for buying a used car is a two-year car with low mileage. Most likely, he even retained a guarantee from the manufacturer.

Remember that you also need to invest in a new car: buy an alarm system, a set of winter tires, save money for hull insurance.

Calculate costs and evaluate which option will hit your budget weaker.