Dieselgate, around which there has been so much noise for two years, was by no means the first major fraud revealed by manufacturers to consciously use for their own purposes. If you carefully study similar cases, it is easy to see that over the past five years more fraud has been revealed than in the entire previous history of the automobile industry. Why exactly these days it happens in such a massive manner? This remains to be seen as the process has just begun. In the meantime, just recall the chronology of events.
That’s what they called the case, according to which Toyota recalled about 8 million cars worldwide and paid huge fines. Plus compensation to relatives of those killed in accidents. The Americans found that part of the accident was due to a structural defect in some models. Cars were inclined to spontaneously accelerate. According to the original version, the floor mat could block the gas or brake pedal.Cases with a failure of the pedal assembly were isolated; in the end, it was not possible to determine the exact cause of the failures. However, Toyota still produced a record recall of cars around the world. Cases with a failure of the pedal assembly were isolated; in the end, it was not possible to determine the exact cause of the failures. However, Toyota still produced a record recall of cars around the world. Related Materials Revocable Campaign: Who Benefits? The US National Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) reported back then that the Japanese concern had known about possible problems since 2006, but did nothing. And the Russian representative of Toyota published an apology to the top management of the concern and a list of models (indicating the release period) in which the accelerator pedal may stick: iQ, Yaris, Auris, Corolla, Verso, Avensis. That is, the company officially recognized that something was wrong in its cars, and initiated a revocable campaign.
In the US market in the spring of 2010, Toyota sales fell seriously. However, further research with the NASA connection did not really clarify anything. In addition, the rug is not to blame here, but most likely, some kind of malfunction of the electronics happens. Or just the drivers mixed up the pedals.
The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has convicted Hyundai and Kia of intentionally underestimating passport fuel consumption. By a court ruling, Korean firms paid compensation of $ 395 million to the owners of 900, 000 cars manufactured between 2010 and 2012.
And all due to the fact that the models Elantra, Sonata, Accent, Azera, Genesis, Tucson, Santa Fe, Veloster, Optima, Rio, Sorento, Soul and Sportage declared by the manufacturer fuel consumption was underestimated relative to real by 3% - in grams the value is completely insignificant.
One of the consequences of the scandal was the approval of a single measuring driving cycle WLTC (Worldwide harmonized light vehicles test cycle). Prior to this, European, American and Japanese standards were different.
NHTSA found that on some models of General Motors the ignition switch under the influence of a heavy key fob can arbitrarily turn off the power to the engine, power steering and brakes, airbags, etc. Including on the go. Potentially dangerous were Chevrolet Cobalt (not the one sold in Russia!), Pontiac G5, Saturn Ion, Chevrolet HHR, Pontiac Solstice and Saturn Sky.
The investigation revealed that the engineers were aware of the problem, the concern has been silent about various cases of marriage for many years. As a result, GM did not resist, but simply paid all the compensation and fines (over a billion dollars), simultaneously establishing a money fund to help people who were physically or mentally injured in situations caused by factory defects in the concern’s cars.
The independent British company Emission Analytics, in the wake of perhaps the story of Hyundai / Kia, conducted a large-scale study of real fuel consumption, comparing it with the declared one. Experts have tested more than 500 different models with engines of different types and sizes.Related Materials They stole, they say, from the people: not only VW is lying about ecology
It turned out that as the engine displacement increases, the discrepancy between the passport fuel consumption and the actual one becomes less. For engines with a volume of 1-2 liters, it amounted to 21%, for 2-3-liter engines - 15%, and for engines with a volume of more than 5 liters - 1%. The worst result was recorded in liter engines - 36%, so that the real fuel consumption of cars with such engines is about 8.2 liters per "hundred". And the average rate "throughout the hospital" is 18%!
Similar measurements in the same year were carried out by the Brussels Transport & Environment Center. “If your Mercedes-Benz eats 40% more than stated in the brochure of the manufacturer, then this is not because you like to put pressure on gas. The fact is that this company is today a leader in the achievement of indicators in laboratory conditions that cannot be obtained in real life, ”the center said in a report.
All interested parties - supervising organizations, factories and customers - scratched their heads in puzzlement. But no action was taken. You never know what anyone is exploring.
The Japanese company Takata, the largest manufacturer of airbags, supplier of BMW, Chrysler, Ford, Mazda, Subaru, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Honda, Toyota, etc., fell another victim of the NHTSA. (19 stamps total).
The first information that the pillows of this company during accidents can operate in an emergency mode appeared in 2004. They either did not open, or exploded, firing with metal fragments. According to various sources, from ten to seventeen people became victims of pillows; 180 more were injured.
Takata conducted an internal investigation, finding out the reason - the explosive used to open the pillows turned out to be unstable and sensitive to moisture. And the case of blocks during the explosion could crack. The investigation established that the company knew about this before, but did not consider it necessary to change anything.
After NHTSA intervention, it became clear that Takata would never pay for all 100 million pillows released. This summer, after the bankruptcy proceedings, the company entered the structure of the Chinese company Ningbo Joyson Electronic. Under a different brand, there will also be a squib for the recall campaigns, which will continue until at least 2019. Along the way, Honda CEO Takahiro Hatigo and nine other top managers suffered - the resignation followed due to a pillow scandal.
So much has been written about this that a brief summary is enough. More than 11 million diesel cars were equipped with software that, during the tests, repeatedly underestimated the amount of harmful gases in the exhaust. Volkswagen has acknowledged that it has underestimated emissions for cars sold in the US and Europe.The TDI Volkswagen four-cylinder diesel engine became the starting point of the worldwide “diesel fear” - the exhaust gases of cars of various brands began to be carefully studied all over the world. The TDI Volkswagen four-cylinder diesel engine became the starting point of the worldwide “diesel fear” - the exhaust gases of cars of various brands began to be carefully studied all over the world.
Hypothetically, the total fine could reach $ 37, 500 per car, for a total of more than 18 billion. In addition, the company's shareholders sued her for 4 billion euros. All this was the result of the fact that the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published the toxicity study of Audi and Volkswagen cars, first with 2.0 TDI diesel engines, and then V6. In the end, five VW models, six Audi and Porsche Cayenne models were blacklisted.
Just a month later, the consulting company Stout Risius Ross Inc. commissioned by Bloomberg (a leading provider of financial information) conducted a study of analytical reports on the number of serious accidents over the past ten years, compiled by automakers.
From the materials presented it follows that the average number of such accidents exceeds the number of accidents involving Volkswagen cars by nine times. The industry average is 301 incidents per million vehicles, while VW has only 34 incidents.
This radically violates the laws of statistics, from which a simple conclusion was drawn: Volkswagen could somehow distort the statistics of road accidents in the United States with the participation of cars manufactured by it.
April: Mitsubishi Motors admitted that it manipulated test data on 600 thousand cars produced over three years. The fuel consumption figures given were underestimated by 5–10%, according to the same Bloomberg agency. And the discrepancy was indicated … by Nissan (as part of the joint venture Mitsubishi also produced cars for Nissan). Shares of Mitsubishi Motors instantly fell by a third. In two days, the company lost more than a billion market value.
May: Renault-Nissan Alliance leader Carlos Ghosn announced the purchase of 34% of the newly issued shares of Mitsubishi Motors. Upon completion of the transaction, Nissan will become the largest shareholder. Quote: closer cooperation will allow companies to optimize costs, and Mitsubishi - to overcome the consequences of the fuel scandal and pay claims.
For reference: the data was rigged, mainly for specific miniature key cars, sold exclusively on the Japanese market. There are no well-known models among them.
Around the same days, Volkswagen, Porsche, Opel, Audi and Mercedes-Benz agreed to withdraw 630 thousand diesel cars to reconfigure control systems. This is also a consequence of the dieselgate, but in this case, the companies, without waiting for sanctions, admitted that they allowed some liberties in test measurements of nitrogen dioxide, deviating from the requirements of the standards.
It may seem that the authorized departments begin to seriously “shake” the automakers only when the corresponding “order” arrives. If you take only the Americans, it looks like this - push Toyota, slow the Koreans, bend the VW. And thereby help the native auto industry.
The Mitsubishi case looks like an open base for gaining control of the company. Mention in a reputable press that the manufacturer is cheating, works flawlessly. BMW shares on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange fell 9.7% after AutoBild reported that the X3 xDrive 2.0d model exceeded emission limits (which was later disproved).
A side feeling: in general, all automakers are lying in something, and if desired, this can be proved at any time. The easiest way is to measure the amount of luggage. Hundreds of models passed through many years of comparative tests of ZR, and practically all of the factory data did not agree with the results of our measurements. The “shortage” is usually in the range of 20–100 liters of volume, with rare exceptions like Datsun, where the plant somehow intended less than we did. However, this parameter does not seem to be of interest to controlling organizations.
And in general, everything is not so simple and far from obvious. Last year, South Korea announced that it would write a fine to Nissan for manipulating data on the harmful emissions of diesel Kashkai. At the beginning of this year, the French government initiated an investigation into Renault - they say, and this company also manipulates data on diesel emissions. And German publications said that the same investigation could, for the same reason, begin on Daimler concern (we are talking about cars with diesel engines OM642 and OM651). And even before that, Rosstandart sent a request to Mercedes-Benz about the possible falsification of emission data on the company's diesel cars. From this angle, the situation looks like a war has been declared to all diesels, and the ultimate goal is difficult to imagine. Perhaps the ban on first diesels, then generally all ICEs and - the transfer of all drivers to electric cars.