To realize how rapidly the automotive industry is developing, just look at the city stream, and then remember the cars from your childhood. And the most interesting thing here is that your current age does not matter! The automotive industry is progressing at such a pace that even the guys who are still very far from getting a driver’s license have something to remember. What can we say about those people whose car childhood has passed away from concepts such as ABS, ESP or airbag.
The first car with an internal combustion engine
The world's first production car with ICE Karl BenzThe world's first production car with ICE was built in 1895 and patented a year later by the German inventor Karl Benz. The world's first production car with ICE was built in 1895 and patented a year later by the German inventor Karl Benz. Related Materials We light up the wheel of Toyota Mirai - the first production hydrogen car
It would be logical to start with the memories of the first car with ICE. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, several scientists experimented at once with its creation. Swiss engineer Francois Isaac De Rivaz back in 1806 built an internal combustion engine powered by a hydrogen-oxygen mixture. Twenty years later, similar attempts were made by the Englishman Semuel Brown. Etienne Lenore and Siegfried Marcus also entered the history forever. But Karl Benz became a completely unshakable “brand”. It was he who, in 1895, developed and mass-produced the Benz Patent-Motorwagen, which is considered to be the first.
The first diesel car
A German engineer Rudolf Diesel received a patent for his own engine, which was based on the Carnot cycle, in 1892 (in the USA in 1895). Nevertheless, for many decades, diesel engines have not been used in automobile transport due to the imperfection of existing fuel injection systems. Such motors were used mainly in stationary mechanisms and power plants of marine vessels. And only in the twenties of the last century - when Robert Bosch created a modification of an uncompressed injector - diesel engines began to be widely installed on trucks.
Mercedes-Benz 260D, 1936Between the appearance of the first diesel engine and the beginning of the widespread use of diesel engines in the automotive industry - a real temporary abyss. In the photo - the first mass-produced passenger car with a diesel engine, Mercedes-Benz 260D model 1936. Between the appearance of the first diesel engine and the beginning of the widespread use of diesel engines in the automotive industry - a real temporary abyss. In the photo - the first mass-produced passenger car with a diesel engine, Mercedes-Benz 260D model 1936.
But the first production car with a diesel engine under the hood is considered Mercedes-Benz 260D. The company introduced it in 1936 at an exhibition in Berlin. The 2.6-liter engine developed 45 hp, consumed less than 10 liters of fuel per 100 km and … without global changes, it lived until the 1980s. Modifications of this engine were installed on the Mercedes-Benz W123, which can still be found on our roads.
The first turbocharged passenger car
Gottlieb Daimler and Rudolph Diesel experimented with supercharging almost from the moment of the creation of their first engines - at the end of the nineteenth century. However, at first, the scope of application of turbochargers was limited to ship, and then to aircraft engines. The first production turbocharged passenger cars were … the Chevrolet Corvair Monza and Oldsmobile Jetfire, which debuted only in the 1960s.
Oldsmobile jetfireOldsmobile Jetfire is the first mass-produced turbocharged passenger car. At the time of its appearance, people were afraid of a complex design, moreover, problems with reliability really had a place to be. Oldsmobile Jetfire is the first mass-produced turbocharged passenger car. At the time of its appearance, people were afraid of a complex design, moreover, problems with reliability really had a place to be.
A couple from the GM concern hit the US shelves in 1962 and made a lot of noise. The V-shaped “eight” with a volume of 3.5 liters produced 215 hp. and 411 N ∙ m of torque. Acceleration to hundreds took less than 9 seconds. That's just on the assembly line the cars lasted only two years. The main cause was reliability issues.
The first machine for a car
GM Hydra-MaticGM Hydra-Matic is considered the first mass automatic transmission and was used by many automobile companies around the world. GM Hydra-Matic is considered the first mass automatic transmission and was used by many automobile companies around the world.
The creation of the first fully automated gearbox is another reason for the pride of the General Motors concern. In 1940, the GM Hydra-Matic box became available as an option for Cadillac, Oldsmobile and Pontiac cars. It was GM Hydra-Matic that went down in history as the first mass automatic transmission. By the way, in addition to GM cars, this 4-speed hydromechanical machine was installed on Bentley and Rolls-Royce. The same box formed the basis for the development of many automotive companies around the world.
The first car with an airbag
You may not believe me, but the launch of mass production of a car with a driver's airbag is again the achievement of General Motors. In 1972, the concern released the Oldsmobile Toronado with an airbag in the steering wheel, and a year later GM offered airbags on a number of its models - albeit as an option.
Interestingly, the achievement could easily belong to another American corporation. Allen Beard - the inventor and owner of the patent for a ball sensor for shock detection - back in 1967, presented his invention to the leadership of Chrysler. And in 1971, Ford Corporation, headed at that time by the legendary Lee Iacocca, manufactured an experimental batch of Ford Taunus with airbags. But the matter didn’t go any further.
The first car with side airbags
Volvo 850The Volvo 850 is the world's first mass-produced car with side airbags. The Volvo 850 is the world's first mass-produced car with side airbags.
Volvo pioneered the use of side airbags. In 1995, the Swedes began equipping Volvo 850 sedans and station wagons with this know-how. Yes! Even then, the company from Gothenburg put safety at the forefront, simultaneously making it part of its image. It is not surprising that the Swedes have another innovation in the field of passive safety: in 2012, the Volvo V40 became the first production car with a pedestrian airbag.
pedestrian airbagA “pedestrian” airbag is deployed when hitting a person at speeds from 20 to 50 km / h. The airbag is revealed after the fact of the strike captures one of the seven sensors. A “pedestrian” airbag is deployed when hitting a person at speeds from 20 to 50 km / h. The airbag is revealed after the fact of the strike captures one of the seven sensors.
The first car with a knee airbag
Kia Sportage first generationYou can check it yourself, but the knee airbag debuted on the first-generation Kia Sportage back in the late 1990s. You can check it yourself, but the knee airbag debuted on the first-generation Kia Sportage back in the late 1990s.
If prior to the preparation of this material I was asked to name a car awarded this title, I would call a Mercedes-Benz S-Class in 221 bodies or something from the modern Toyota line. However, the correct answer really surprised me. And even twice. The world's first production car with a knee pad is … Kia Sportage. Moreover, we are talking about a crossover of the very first generation, produced since 1993. So today it is the only car in the world equipped with three airbags.
The first car with air conditioning
We finish today's selection, recalling the first mass-produced passenger car with air conditioning. It turned out to be Packard 12 Sedan, which debuted at the Chicago motor show in 1939. However, at that time the air conditioning in the car turned out to be rather an expensive toy (about $ 300 - while you could buy a car for $ 1000), because it was not very efficient and required special attention. To cool the interior, it was necessary to stop Packard, open the hood and manually install the belt on the air conditioning pulley. In addition, components of the air conditioning system robbed the car of about a third of the trunk. Car air conditioners became more or less massive only in the 1950s, and a real boom fell on the 1970s and 1980s.