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CHEMISTRY AND LIFE
After the state standards for automobile fuel have been canceled, the quality of gasoline and diesel fuel is regulated by the technical regulations of the Customs Union (TR CU 013/2011), which lists what should not be in fuel: these are metal-containing additives based on iron, manganese and lead and additives on based on methanol.
Among the worst enemies are monomethylaniline (MMA) and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE). The use of these additives in the manufacture of gasoline is allowed, but with a strict dosage. MTBE in high doses (more than 15%) leads to a decrease in engine power and corrodes seals in the fuel system. MMA in Russia is allowed for fourth-class fuel (no more than 1%), and the release of such gasoline should cease from January 1, 2016. In fifth-class gasolines, the presence of MMA is generally unacceptable.
And underfill fuel everywhere. According to experts of Rosstandart, gas stations miss out on average about 300 ml for every 10 liters. If a gas station sells 4–5 tons of fuel daily, then the total underfilling can reach 140 liters, which is 5, 000 rubles. 150 thousand per month!
Here is the first gas station on our way. Belongs to EKON LLC. A vertical stele with a fuel price list, several columns, an operator booth for receiving money with faded copies of documents. The head of Rosstandart, experts, employees of the Yaroslavl prosecutor’s office, the police and the press took a small window into the ring with a frightened camera operator: “Present your quality certificates and TTN for fuel, this is a test!”
TTN is a bill of lading indicating which plant or tank farm received fuel and what class it is. Be sure to have a quality passport equipped with a unique personal code, the same as that of the TTN. For what - it’s clear. You can buy good fuel once with these documents, and then sell anything under this brand. Remember MMA and MTBE? They cost a mere penny in comparison with the profit that they bring: up to 200% of pure fat! And with the help of this chemistry, any low-octane gasoline can be turned into expensive AI 95 and AI 98.
Since the gas station is a private property, even in the presence of prosecutors we could not take samples from storage without an authorized representative of the gas station. They began to wait for the owner with the very TTN. The storm and onslaught strategy failed.
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While they were waiting for the owner, the head of Rosstandart Alexey Abramov reported on fines imposed for the year 22 million rubles and administrative proceedings instituted. Then came the turn of the second attack: the head of the gas station arrived.
Samples should be taken not from the column, but from an underground tank. And again the obstacles. In some tanks there was little fuel, and if you capture the turbidity from the bottom, such a result is easy to appeal in court. But the worse is that the diameter of the measuring tank (it is made in accordance with GOST 2517, in the form of a cylinder) turned out to be significantly larger than the diameter of the receiving pipe of the tanks - and the team of the Rosstandart mobile laboratory could not take a sample! Vladimir Ivanov, the head of the territorial inspection of the WTC of Rosstandart, admitted that this case is not unique, because the difference in pipe diameters is not prosecuted in any way. Modern gas stations are built in accordance with GOSTs, but it is full of old stations, similar to the one we visited. Our attack choked a second time.
HARD DAY'S NIGHT
The raid results are as follows: at EKON LLC, the quality of AI 92 and AI 95 gasolines was normal, only documents for the supply of fuel were disappointing; In diesel fuel, an elevated sulfur content was detected.
No gas documents were found at all at the gas stations of the local network of Petroleum Plus 33 LLC. Fuel underfill amounted to 70–80 g / 10 l with a tolerance of 25 grams.
Underfilling and fuelless fuel are fought based on Article 14.43 of the Code of Administrative Offenses (violation by the manufacturer of the requirements of technical regulations). Fine - from 100 thousand rubles to a million with suspension of activity for up to 90 days.
Of the 1, 113 violations identified since the beginning of the year, 940 cases occurred at independent gas stations. Surely the owners escaped with a minimum fine. And checks do not happen every day. I bought a frank fuel tanker, sold it for a short time at a bargain price - and that’s it, look for the wind in the field. Because of such dealers, bona fide small gas stations suffer; without their own storage facilities, they are forced to buy fuel from large companies almost every other day, and prices for small wholesale lots are constantly growing. Honest private owners can either close or attract customers with shops and sinks that do not bring a lot of income.
At another gas station, this fuel was sold in the form of “dry” - DT 300 additives. For 319 rubles it was proposed to bring the fuel to its own condition. At another gas station, this fuel was sold in the form of “dry” - DT 300 additives. For 319 rubles it was proposed to bring the fuel to its own condition. This fuel was sold in the form of “dry” - DT 300 additives. For 319 rubles it was proposed to bring the fuel to its own condition. Related Materials
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Network gas stations are also not always clean at hand: penalties were applied to them 141 times (in 34 cases due to poor fuel quality, other claims were to underfill).
Each race at the gas station is still akin to Russian roulette. Our advice is as old as the world: refuel at proven gas stations and not peck at cheap gasoline.
- If a large dose of ferrocene (iron-containing additives) is detected in gasoline, then iron caput will come primarily to spark plugs. The oxygen sensor will fall second, and its death will be followed by the premature death of the catalytic converter.
- Manganese oxide contained in surrogate gasoline can kill off candles and cause deposits in the engine, as its derivatives oxidize the fuel components and pollute the fuel system components with oxides. The use of manganese oxide is prohibited due to the harmful effects on the environment, as it is terribly toxic.
- Tetraethyl lead is a poisonous organometallic substance. Belongs to the highest class of danger. It is banned in many countries of the world, including Russia.