The first innovation in traffic rules appeared in January: cyclists were allowed to use cars with a yellow flasher to accompany them. The innovation, of course, is useful, but few have noticed it: in our northern country, bicycle is not the main means of transportation. In the summer, a traffic sign “Photo and video fixation” appeared in traffic rules, which warns that a camera is installed in front. True, we seem to have much more cameras than signs; if a warning is given to each, there will not be enough metal in the country. And how to replenish the budget if everyone becomes law-abiding? But in any case, thanks for the new sign.
In August, they allowed to increase the speed on highways marked with the 5.3 sign (up to 110 km / h) and on highways marked with the 5.1 sign (up to 130 km / h). The main thing is that the track meets safety requirements. And if you saw a sign that allows you to go with increased speed - go ahead!
And in October, the government introduced a separate paragraph in the SDA that regulates traffic in Sochi during the Olympic Games. We sincerely hope that this will help to organize a normal movement before, after and during the competition.
If the innovations in traffic rules were local in nature, then the Code of Administrative Offenses underwent a cardinal processing. Almost 40 points have changed! Deputies in the struggle for order on the roads sharply increased fines for virtually all violations, and for some introduced double punishment. So, for driving while intoxicated, from September 1, they are fined 30 thousand rubles and deprived of the right to drive a vehicle for a period of one and a half to two years. Severe penalties, according to lawmakers, will stop potential violators. However, statistics do not agree with them; experts are sure that the main thing is not the severity of the punishment, but its inevitability. This is just the problem; according to the most rough estimates, only every tenth violation is punished with us. Really - even less. But this does not prevent lawmakers from taking the easiest path - tightening penalties.
However, their approach is not always amenable to logical explanation. So, from September 1, fines for exceeding the speed limit have increased. But an excess of 10-20 km / h from that moment fell out of the punishment system. Now, in settlements, many drivers travel at speeds up to 79 km / h.
The main positive outcome of the year is that the procedure for checking drivers for intoxication has changed, the law “the error of the readings of the breathalyzer” appeared in the law. It took three years to convince one person - the head of government - that absolute zero in nature does not exist! And then, finally, from September it was prescribed that the measurement error is 0.16 mg per liter of exhaled air. This norm, finally, will allow “according to science” to separate really drunk drivers from sober drivers.
From September 1, the procedure for depriving a driver’s license, as well as its return, has changed. Now, if the driver has committed an offense for which the deprivation of the right to drive is provided, the driver’s license is not withdrawn. Having received a court decision, the driver is obliged to surrender his rights - before the end of the established period. All information will settle in a single traffic police database, any inspector will be able to check the driver. I didn’t surrender the right in time - one more punishment will follow, but already for managing without documents. Everything is good, everything is within the framework of progress. Only now our databases are not updated as quickly as the legislators planned. Therefore, there are cases when the "stripper" continues to calmly drive the car.
Even more problems arose when returning a driver’s license at the end of the term of deprivation. According to new amendments to paragraph 4.1 of Art. 32.6 Administrative Code, in this case, the driver’s license is returned after checking knowledge of traffic rules. It was thought up correctly, only the return of the certificate "is carried out in the manner approved by the Government of the Russian Federation." At the end of November, three months after the amendments entered into force, the regulation for testing the driver’s knowledge was never developed; other innovations may come into effect - and “freeze”. And it’s not just about the exam for “deprived people”.
On November 5, amendments to the law "On Road Safety" entered into force, and from that day the procedure for passing examinations was to change. Nothing special - in Russia they were just going to introduce European standards, under which the country signed several years ago. Now you can learn by car with "mechanics" or "automatic", at the choice of the student. Canceled externship during training. Introduced new categories of rights and defined general provisions on the admission of persons to the management of the vehicle. All this is great, but it’s still unknown how to study and how to take exams. Not approved and a sample of updated rights. Six months, from spring to autumn, the three ministries exchanged letters and figured out who should prepare the documents. A shame! And only when the amendments entered into force, they agreed that the Ministry of Education would do this. As a result, changes will work at best by the beginning of spring. Not ashamed of Europe? Not to mention their citizens.
As soon as the issue concerns money, decisions are made very quickly and immediately begin to work. In 2012, the government established that transportation and storage of delayed vehicles will be paid; The amount of payment is set by the regions independently. The Moscow government promptly developed a regulation according to which from September 2013 they began to charge money for evacuation - from 3 thousand rubles for motorcycles to 47 thousand for large vehicles. The day of storage at the parking lot in the capital will cost from 1 thousand to 3 thousand rubles, depending on the type of vehicle. Moreover, if the transportation procedure and price list are detailed, then about the grounds for the detention, as they say, a ba-alshoe number of questions. Officials insist that vehicles parked in violation of the parking and stopping rules, which interfere with traffic, should be the first to be evacuated. But where is it written? As a result, as before, the first thing is to drag those cars that are closer to the parking area and it is easier to pick them up. And again they wanted the best, but it turned out …
In October, a new regulation on vehicle registration came into force. He, it must be said, greatly made life easier. Now for the sale of a car you do not need to remove it from the register. The new owner applies to any traffic police unit (regardless of place of residence) and makes changes to registration data. It was also possible to duplicate registration marks without contacting the traffic police (ЗР, 2013, No. 12). To whom changes have added problems, it’s resellers. Will we regret it? There were other innovations last year, but not so significant. And also - the mass of deputy and bureaucratic initiatives. Some are interesting and, I hope, will gain the force of law. Say, about increasing payments on compulsory insurance. Others are still openly ill-conceived, such as the idea of punishing an aggressive ride. It seems to be a good idea, but who and how to evaluate the level of aggressiveness? There are suggestions and quite ridiculous. Say, provide a certificate of payment of all taxes when buying a policy for compulsory motor liability insurance. I hope no one took this seriously.