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Economics In Russian: According To The Precepts Of Trotsky


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Economics In Russian: According To The Precepts Of Trotsky
Economics In Russian: According To The Precepts Of Trotsky



One of the WTO rules is to reduce import duties on new and used cars. Charges from new ones were to immediately fall by 5% (from 30 to 25%), and after seven years - to 15%. The decrease applies to commercial auto - trucks and buses. According to a protocol that was forgotten a long time ago, a decrease in this sector is more noticeable: in three years from 25 to 5% for new trucks and from 30 to 10% for cars with mileage of three to seven years. For cars older than seven years, immediately after entering the WTO, the duty drops from 4.5 euros per 1 cm³ of engine capacity to 1 euro.

This means the imminent death of many Russian factories. The "Chinese" and the very elderly import trucks and buses are ready to take their niche.

To get out of the embarrassing situation, the forgetful officials of the Ministry of Industry and Trade invented a "recycling fee". Its task is to protect our market and our manufacturers and somehow compensate for budget losses arising from the reduction of duties.

This is evident by the size of rates: from 17 thousand to 700 thousand rubles. for passenger cars and from 150 thousand to 3 million rubles. for imported trucks and buses. Domestic manufacturers were exempted from paying these fees - in exchange for an obligation to organize a real recycling system for their old cars. Some of the automakers - AvtoVAZ, KamAZ - have actually begun to install shredder plants and equipment for processing automotive components at their facilities.

The state has not yet participated in this process, although the recycling fee has been regularly collected. According to various forecasts, this amount may amount to 70-120 billion rubles. in year! But while these funds went somewhere to the budget. This year, according to Deputy Minister of Industry A. Rakhmanov, they were only going to prepare the legislative framework (ЗР, 2013, No. 4).

However, the recycling fee, which does not apply to everyone, contradicts the basic rule of the WTO, which requires free trade. Automakers who do not have their own production facilities in Russia have filed a complaint with the EU and the WTO: it is necessary to equalize the conditions for levying a fee on the principle of universal payment.

The Europeans reacted immediately, and the head of the government of the Russian Federation signed a decree where he promised that "the Russian Federation will fulfill its duties as a member of the WTO on equalizing the rights of domestic producers and importers."

Soon, the State Duma received a draft amendment to the law “On Production and Consumption Wastes”, which envisages the introduction of a universal recycling fee for cars. The first reading was quick and quiet, without objection (although the question concerned the interests of the largest foreign investors and millions of people in the country). According to the plan, the amendments were to enter into force on July 1 of this year. But it didn’t reach the second reading in the lower house.


then, according to their authors, budget revenues under this article will increase to 200 billion rubles. in year. But we believe that they will be reduced. After all, prices for cars assembled in Russia will immediately rise (they already occupy almost 70% of the market). The price of small cars with engines from 1 to 2 liters will rise by 26 thousand rubles, and trucks by 300-800 thousand.

At a time when the market has already sagged so much (by 4% in the five months of this year) and many manufacturers are already reducing production volumes, such a price increase is a disaster.

It is easy to predict the reaction of foreign investors who have invested hundreds of millions of dollars and euros in the creation of assembly plants in our country. They did this not out of love for Russia and its birches, but in exchange for a promise (enshrined in agreements with the government) of preferences. That is, it’s profitable for a particular German company to collect cars in central Russia, rather than import from Saxony, because it is here and now that it is guaranteed benefits. And with the introduction of egalitarianism, they are partially eliminated.

Well, how can you work in a country that refuses obligations?


Nevertheless, we are not alone in our aspirations. For example, China, a member of the WTO since 2001, is very actively and without a doubt pursuing a state protectionist policy, is not afraid to argue with the United States and other countries, as well as with the WTO. The government offers cheap loans for its companies, provides subsidies, prevents the penetration of foreign goods into the national market, introduces new national standards. In the end, even underestimates the renminbi!

I am sure, and we can and should for a while forget about the principles of a certain abstract “free market”. It is not in reality, but there is a fact: Russia is one of the world's largest sales markets (sixth in the world in terms of capacity). We are interesting to everyone. And in this situation it is foolish to give in to persuasion to open our market wide open.

Of course, there are a number of states that agree to play only by the rules. Moldova, for example, sacredly honors all the covenants of the EU and the WTO. But there is no talk about their own industry.

Russia is now in a delicate situation. He is openly in conflict with the EU and the WTO fears - it could hurt the interests of Russian exporters. But he is not in a hurry to fulfill the requirements. The resolution was signed, and the law - we will definitely accept it, only a little later. Neither ours nor yours.

This is what Leo Trotsky did in his time when he declared at the peace talks with the Germans: “Our position is neither peace nor war, but to disband the army!” And he left Brest for Moscow. True, his position cost Russia dearly - it lost a huge part of its territory.

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