Category: Auto Tips

Gear Oil: Toothache


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Video: Gear Oil: Toothache

Video: Gear Oil: Toothache
Video: The World's Best Gear Oil? (New Demonstration) 2023, March
Gear Oil: Toothache
Gear Oil: Toothache



Why replace what has served all my life? Optimism disappears when you find in the backyard of a service station a mountain of dead manual and automatic gearboxes taken from cars of one very famous company. Which one? Well, it doesn’t matter … The important thing is that the boxes have now become practically disposable! They try not to repair them, but to replace them entirely - how much will such a replacement cost without a guarantee, pretend? Therefore, the box should be cherished and cherished and be sure to indulge in good oil. It is best fully synthetic, viscosity grade 75W-90, API GL-4 quality class - this is perfect for manual gearboxes.

It is a pity that domestic transmission synthetics are not visible on the shelves. Only imports are mainly European, mainly German. Instead of GL-4, manufacturers prefer to specify GL-4 +, and GL-4/5, and GL-3/4/5. So they bought them, as many as a dozen. The run up in price is from democratic 345 rubles per liter can of Dutch NGN to 775 rubles for the French Motul Gear 300. Is it worth it to overpay? That's why we arranged the examination.


In general, oil in a box is easier to operate than in a motor. But there are enough problems: at the same time it is necessary to form the thinnest film, and to provide gear lubrication. There should be serious protection against scuffing and wear. Therefore, in the characteristics of the transmission, viscosity, composition, and a set of additives are important.


And here’s what it was all about. We officially declare: the oils are very different and obviously not from one barrel. The run of results by individual parameters - not by percent, but at times! And the effect does not always correspond to the price. The leader emerged right away - the Esther Motul Gear 300 has the best performance both in welding load, in scoring index, and in critical load. Wear is a little worse, but it’s interesting here in general: none of the tested oils met the requirements of GOST for the TM-5 group. Why is that? Perhaps this is a consequence of a decrease in the content of sulfur and phosphorus in modern products, which previously determined high anti-wear properties. But the obtained result cannot be considered negative either: we choose oil for mechanical boxes of the GL-4 group, where anti-wear indicators are not standardized by GOST at all.

And here is another nuance for which it was worth the work. It turned out that the antiwear and extreme pressure properties change in antiphase! At the level of intuition, this is understandable. The basic principle of wear protection is to lay something soft, sliding between the parts. And to increase the resistance to scoring, the opposite is required. Therefore, an effective additive package should provide a compromise between two mutually exclusive factors.

Well, which is better? Our tips on “What to choose?” Are below. The files of all participants were arranged alphabetically. And there is only one wish: do not brush off “boxed” oils.

Until the box waved away from you.

The results differ from each other not at percent, but at times


Tribological parameters. They characterize the protective properties of oil during contact exposure in gears. They are determined according to GOST 9490–75 on a four-ball friction machine: three stationary steel balls at the bottom, one spinning at a given speed at the top and the load presses on it. The structure is immersed in an oil bath in which the test oil splashes. And then the behavior of the balls and contact spots speaks about everything. For different types of gear oils it is standardized by our GOST 17479.2–85, - there are generally accepted methods for interpreting the results of such tests. Of course, foreign manufacturers are not required to comply with GOST, but we live in Russia, and therefore we can take the norms of this document to assess the quality of the oil.

Critical load. This is the threshold for the destruction of the oil film. GOST does not standardize its value, so we just think: the higher it is, the better.

Scuffing and wear. The main ills of gearing. They are characterized by a scoring index and a wear indicator. The index is not standardized - in general, the higher the better. The wear rate for GL-4 oils (TM-4 according to our GOST) is not standardized, but for TM-5 (or GL-5 according to our specifications) it should be no more than 0.4 mm. In general, the smaller the better.

Weld load. The main parameter by which extreme pressure properties are normalized. It is defined simply: they load and load the balls until the friction machine stops. For oils ТМ-4, the welding load should be not less than 3000 N, for ТМ-5 - 3280 N. Let us take these figures as an evaluation criterion.

Viscosity. At working temperatures, we evaluate the kinematic viscosity, at low - dynamic. From the kinematic viscosity at 40 and 100 ° C, we calculate the viscosity index characterizing the degree of dependence of viscosity on temperature. The range of variation of this viscosity at 100 ° C for the class 75W 90 is quite wide - from 13.5 to 24 cSt. The higher the viscosity at operating temperature, the more generally speaking, the heavier the motor. The lower the dynamic viscosity at freezing temperatures, the faster the box will warm up and the car will ride better.

Pour point Everything is simple here: the lower the better.

Flash point Together with the pour point, to a certain extent, it characterizes the stability and quality of the base oil. The higher it is, the usually better is the base, which means that we can expect that the resource of such oil will be large.


Are similar oils suitable for automatic transmission?

Not good. For automatic transmissions, special fluids with other properties are created. It is very important to follow the recommendations of the manufacturer, because ATF provides the torque converter, which requires a strictly specified viscosity-temperature characteristics. And for mechanical transmissions, these requirements are much milder.

What is the difference between GL-4 and GL-5 oils? Or, in our opinion, TM-4 from TM-5?

According to GOST 17479.2–85, the destination oils of the TM-4 group are cylindrical, spiral-bevel and hypoid gears operating at contact voltages up to 3000 MPa and an oil temperature of up to 150 ° C. And the recipients of TM-5 oils are hypoid gears operating with shock loads at contact voltages above 3000 MPa and an oil temperature of up to 150 ° C. Hence the differences in the required protective properties, which are discussed in the article. Therefore, in particular, the transition from GL-4 to GL-5 and vice versa is unacceptable: these are different oils with different properties.

Will the use of more viscous oil reduce the noise of the box?

Yes, it will lower if the noise is caused by increased gaps in the nodes of the box. But within reasonable limits, of course. With a high degree of wear, even the most viscous oil will not save.

Is it chasing synthetics? Or is the situation the same as with engine oil?

The synthetics are more stable and therefore guarantee a longer resource. In addition, it has a higher viscosity index, so the low temperature properties of such oils are better. So there is a certain analogy with motor oils.

Why are the SAE notations so big when the weather is the same as for the motor?

The numbers represent the average viscosity range for the oil class in Saybolt Universal Seconds (SSU). For transmission they are taken directly, for motor - they are divided in half.

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All tables open in full size with a click of the mouse.

Question about mixing - is it possible or not?

It depends on what to mix. Oils of the same groups according to SAE and API can theoretically interfere, but in practice - we do not recommend it.

Is flushing required when changing the oil?

If good synthetics were initially flooded, then it is not needed.

Is it possible to fill in the “manual” box GL-5?

GL-5 is designed for heavy duty high speed hypoid gears. Its enhanced anti-seize and anti-wear functions are provided by an increased concentration of additives based on sulfur and phosphorus, which are aggressive towards non-ferrous metals. But in practice, the elements of the transmissions are individual, and therefore, in certain cases, the automaker may permit the use of one type of oil in all components of the transmission.


Nomination "Extreme"

The winner in this nomination guarantees the protection of the box at maximum loads.

Gold in the Motul Gear 300.

Nomination "Wear Protection"

These products can be recommended to those who are in no hurry to change the car and are not going to play Schumacher on the track.

Gold at BP Energear and JB.

Silver took ADDINOL, NGN and Srs.

Nomination "Energy Saving"

It guarantees the best efficiency. For the lean, in general.

Winners - Motul Gear 300 and Liqui Moly.

Silver at Mobil Mobilube and ADDINOL.

Nomination "Quick warm up"

These oils overcome cold numbness better than others after hibernation.

The best was oil SRS.

Silver took BP Energear and Shell Spirax.

Nomination “Price / quality”

Everything is clear from the name.

Clear and winner: NGN.

The Grand Prix

If we talk about maximum protection (even for sports car boxes), then it is difficult to compete with ester oil.

Winner - Motul Gear 300.

Silver at Castrol Syntrax, Mobil Mobilube, Eurol Transyn.

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The antiwear and extreme pressure properties of the oils appear in antiphase


ADDINOL Gear Oil GH 75W-90


Price 1 liter - 420 rubles

SAE 75W-90, API GL-4 / GL-5

Approvals: MIL-L-2105D, VW 501 50



There is not a word in Russian on the label! Of the major advantages - one of the highest rates of protection against wear. But right away, as a fly in the ointment, are modest results on the scoring index and the welding load. And low temperature properties are not the best.

+ Reasonable price.

- Relatively low defensive properties.

BP Energear SGX 75W-90 Winner in the Wear Protection Category


Price of 1 liter - 470 rubles

SAE 75W-90, API GL-4 +

Tolerance: Suitable for VW 501 50



Wear protection is the best, and bad weather protection is worse than most. In terms of wear, it closely approached the very strict GOST requirements for oils of a higher group - TM-5. Good low temperature properties and highest flash point.

+ The best protection against wear, reasonable price.

- Low scoring index values.

Castrol Syntrax Universal Plus


Price 1 liter - 550 rubles

SAE 75W-90, API GL-4 / GL-5 & MT-1

Approvals: MAN 3343S, 341E3; Scania STO 1: 0; MB-Approval 235.8; ZF TE-ML 02B, 05B, 12B, 16F, 17B, 19C, 21B; SAE J2360



One of the best welding protection features combined with satisfactory wear protection. Very low pour point - with the lowest viscosity index. At the same time, the highest flash point promises a long resource.

+ High welding load provides long-term protection against scuffing; low pour point.

- Low viscosity index.

Eurol Lubricants Transyn Synthetic


Price 1 liter - 420 rubles

SAE 75W-90, API GL-3/4/5 & MT-1

Approvals: Meets ZF TE-ML 01, 02, 05, 07, 08, Volvo 97310, Scania STO 1: 0 BOX; MAN 341 TL / 341 Type Z-3; MAN 342 SL / 342 Type S-1; MAN 3343 S / SL; MIL-L-2105 B / C / D; MIL-PRF-2105E; DAF ZF TE-ML 02 BOX



On the bank again not a single Russian word! But in the “non-our” language, on the one hand, it is written large that the synthetic, and on the other, a much smaller print, is semisynthetics … What to believe? After the tests, we believe the second more.

+ High welding load, even according to our strict GOST, passes as TM-5.

- The worst indicator of wear.

JB GERMAN OIL Hypoid Getriebeoel GL 4 plus Winner in the Wear Protection Category


Price 1 liter - 520 rubles

SAE 75W-90, API GL-4 / GL-5 & MT-1

Approvals: MAN 3343 Type S; Scania STO 1: 0; ARVIN MERITOR 0-79-N; SAE J2360; MIL-PRF-2105E; ZF TE-ML 02B, 05B, 07A, 12B, 16F, 17B, 19C DAF IVECO



One of the leaders in terms of the number of approvals from automakers, but it is not clear from the description whether it is “approved” or “corresponds”? The wear protection is excellent, and the badass index is weak. Low temperature performance level. And at the same time the greatest viscosity at working temperatures!

+ Good wear protection and low temperature properties.

- The worst bully index in the review.

Liqui Moly “High Performance Transmission Oil” Winner in the Energy Saving nomination


Price 1 liter - 620 rubles

SAE 75W-90, API GL-4 + (GL-4 / GL-5)

Approvals: Ford ESD M2C 175-A; VW Norm 50150 (G50); ZF TE-ML 08



Very expensive, but generally outstanding oil. The tribological parameters are medium, low-temperature properties are good, but not the best, and the viscosity index is also relatively low. And what is the claimed "high performance"?

+ Convenient bottle with built-in grease gun, good low temperature properties.

- Expensive for medium settings.

Mobil Mobilube 1 SHC Fully Synthetic Supreme Performance Gear Oil


Price 1 liter - 750 rubles

SAE 75W-90, API GL-5 / MT-1

Approvals: Approved MB - Approval 235.8, MAN M 3343 Type S; MAN 341 E3; ZF TE-ML 02B / 05B / 12B / 16F / 17B / 19C / 21B; JSC AVTODISEL YaMZ Gearbox. Meets Scania STO 1: 0; ZF TE-ML 07A



Very decent results in terms of transmission protection at high loads. But at the same time, the lowest viscosity index determines weak low-temperature properties. Moreover, viscosity at operating temperatures suggests a relatively low friction loss in the transmission.

+ Good protective properties.

- Very expensive! And an oddly low viscosity index for synthetics.

Motul Gear 300 100% synthese Winner in Extreme nomination Energy Saving Grand Prix


Price of 1 liter - 775 rubles

SAE 75W-90, API GL-4 / GL-5, MIL-L-2105D



Ester based oil immediately stands out from the rest. He has the highest rates of protection against scuffing and welding, the resistance of the oil film. At the same time, working viscosity does not steal unnecessary “horses” from under the hood. By all indications - the leader of the test.

+ The best tribological indicators for critical load and protection against bullying.

- Price.

NGN Synthetic Transmission Oil Winner, Price / Quality Award


Price 1 L - 345 rub

SAE 75W-90, API GL-3/4/5, MT-1

Tolerances: Meets the requirements of MAN 341/342/3343; Scania STO 1: 0 BOX; MIL-L-2105 B / C / D-PRF 2105E; Volvo 97310; DAF ZF TE-ML 02; ZF-TE-ML 01 / 02B / 05B / 07A / 08A



Oil with a name not very well known in our country turned out to be the most inexpensive, but quite worthy. In terms of basic parameters, it is not inferior to the more eminent ones, and in some ways even surpasses them. And therefore gets the first place in the nomination "Price / Quality".

- Low freezing point and an adequate level of basic physical and chemical parameters, combined with an affordable price.

+ High viscosity at operating temperatures.

Shell Spirax Axle Oil S5 ATE


Price 1 liter - 480 rubles

SAE 75W-90, API GL-4/5

Approvals: Approved Ferrari, Porsche



It is declared for extremely loaded transmissions, however, the tribological indicators for all positions are outstanding. But good low-temperature properties and viscosity at operating temperatures correspond to the declared purpose.

+ Good protection against badass, relatively affordable price.

- High viscosity at operating temperatures increases friction losses.

SRS Schmierstoffe Getriebefluid 5 L Winner in the Quick Warm nomination


Price 1 liter - 490 rubles

SAE 75W-90, API GL-4 Plus



Oil, unlike others. Bright green, and the composition is clearly different. The highest viscosity index determines leadership by low temperature properties. But viscosity at high temperatures is also large - expect friction losses. Good wear protection.

+ Low values of dynamic viscosity at low temperatures, a good indicator of wear.

- High viscosity at high temperatures, not the highest extreme pressure indicators.

Total Transmission Syn FE


Price 1 liter - 550 rubles

SAE 75W-90, API GL-4, GL-5, MT-1

Approvals: Approved MAN 3343 Type S; Scania STO 1: 0; ZF TE-ML 02B, 05B, 07A, 12B, 16F, 17B, 19C; SAE J2360; MB-Approval 235.8; MACK GO-J



High viscosity at low temperatures will prolong the warming up of the box in the cold. At the same time, the working viscosity is decent, which will increase friction losses, but it will protect the bearings. Of the significant advantages - low freezing point and high flash point.

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