From the beginning of March, the paid parking zone should have spread to all the streets inside the Boulevard Ring, but so far the misfortune has passed. The pilot project has been extended until May 15. The Department of Transport claims that the introduction of new zones will take place gradually during the second half of this year. In the future, with successful results of the project
territories within the Garden Ring, the TTC, as well as areas around business centers and shopping centers outside the TTC, may be included in the paid parking zone.
Now the cost of an hour of parking in the pilot area is 50 rubles. at one o'clock. However, when paid parking extends beyond the Boulevard Ring further, prices may vary. By comparing parking tariffs in large cities in Europe and the USA with Moscow, the Department of Transport put forward its cost requirements. So, parking on the road network should rise in price by an average of one and a half times - instead of the current 1200 rubles. per day, it will vary from 1650 to 2200 rubles. depending on the proximity to the center. However, at least until the end of this year, there is nothing to fear: prices will not be raised to give Muscovites the opportunity to get used to the new regime. And the tariffs for off-street parking in the center, on the contrary, are now overstated. On some of them, prices go up to 200 rubles. at one o'clock. The authorities plan to reduce the daily cost of space in closed parking lots by 26% and the monthly rate by 11%.
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Another innovation may be a progressive tariff scale depending on the parking time. This practice is applied in Amsterdam and many American cities. Moreover, such a differentiation is welcomed by the drivers themselves. Thus, according to a survey by the Seattle Department of Transportation, 60% of car owners agree that a progressive tariff increases the availability of parking spaces, while only about 5% of respondents spoke out against it.
Russian people will find a way around any rule. And our compatriots quickly came up with a means to combat the hated parkcons … The Russian people will find a way around any rule. And our compatriots quickly came up with a means to combat the hated parkcons … The Russian people will find a way around any rule. So our compatriots quickly came up with a means to combat the hated parkcons …
… you just need to close the number with a piece of paper. Authorities with craftsmen can not do anything yet … you just need to close the number with a piece of paper. Authorities with craftsmen can not do anything yet … you just need to close the number with a piece of paper. Authorities with craftsmen can not do anything yet
International experience has two options for introducing paid zones: from the center to the outskirts and at individual loaded facilities. The first option from 2003 to 2007 was implemented in Paris: the number of free seats in the center was reduced annually by 10-15% - on a Moscow scale this is about 15 thousand places a year. So far, the Russian capital will go along the path of the capital of France. However, in the future, paid areas may extend to some busy areas outside the center. In this case, the method used in American Houston will be used, where only paid parking is possible near business centers and other large objects within a kilometer radius. This was done so as to make it possible to drive to the business center cheaply only by public transport. According to surveys, drivers are ready to walk 800 m to the parking place for the sake of being able to drive a car.
In Moscow, parkons should be struggling with violators of parking rules, which will soon be equipped with snow removal equipment and public transport. However, in recent years, more and more “craftsmen” have appeared, slipping away from parons thanks to a simple piece of paper covering the rear number plate. So far, the authorities have not come up with ways to deal with such violators. In theory, they can become blockers, which are used in many cities around the world.
Three approaches to tariff setting
The simplest of the approaches, which will be applied in Moscow initially, is large zoning. It implies the presence of two or three tariff zones, the cost of parking at the same time depends only on the proximity to the city center. So far, we have only one tariff zone.
In most large European cities with a developed parking space management system, another method is used - detailed zoning, in which each street can be set its own tariff depending on the traffic intensity on it - the more intensive the traffic, the more expensive. Moreover, tariffs are set in such a way that the average occupancy of street parking during peak hours is about 85%.
The third pricing method is the most advanced and is used in cities such as San Francisco and New York. With him, the cost of parking is also affected by such a factor as the congestion of parking at a particular time of day and day of the week. So, the cost of a car space in the center on weekends is much less than on weekdays, and in the daytime it is higher than at night.
Do not pay - do not leave
One of the most progressive ways to deal with those who do not pay parking, not even parkons, but blockers. These are special metal devices that do not allow the car to leave the parking lot until parking is paid. Used in Japan and Paris. They are not cheap - in the capital of France, for example, the installation cost of 335 thousand columns restricting the exit amounted to 15 million euros.
Sergey Nastin, editor: