Traffic over 12 km will be non-stop; for this, overpasses and tunnels will be built at the main junctions of the highway. Initially, the project did not provide for tunneling (they cost much more), but only overpasses, but this caused public outrage. Designers were told that five overpasses would spoil the appearance of the avenue, especially in its historical part. As a result, the project was sent for revision, after which only two overpasses remained in it - over the intersections with Kravchenko and Udaltsova streets. At the intersection with University and Lomonosov Avenues, as well as 26 Baku Commissioners Street, tunnels will be built. New lateral driveways will appear along the avenue: from Novatorov Street towards Akademik Pilyugin Street and from Kravchenko Street to Udaltsov Street, and from it to existing Lobachevsky Street will be expanded. Ground pedestrian crossings will give way to underground pedestrians - there will be seven. The right lane, of course, will be given to public transport.
The reconstruction information center explains that the current scheme is not a finished construction project, but only the layout of linear facilities. It should still go through public hearings in March, and only then will the process of developing a construction plan begin. If the scheme proposed by the Moscow City Architecture Committee does not raise complaints, the final draft will appear by the new year. However, preparatory work, as Marat Khusnullin, deputy mayor for construction, said, will begin this summer, and the workers will begin construction directly at the beginning of next year. The track will go no earlier than the end of 2015.
1. Intersection with Lomonosov Avenue (view from the center). 2. Intersection with Universitetskiy Prospekt and ul. Dmitry Ulyanov 1. Intersection with Lomonosov Avenue (view from the center). 2. Intersection with Universitetskiy Prospekt and ul. Dmitry Ulyanov 1. Intersection with Lomonosov Avenue (view from the center). 2. Intersection with Universitetskiy Prospekt and ul. Dmitry Ulyanov
Work on the avenue will begin this year, but the track will go no earlier than the end of 2015
Also this year, design will be completed and the construction of a new directional interchange between Leninsky Prospekt and the Moscow Ring Road will begin. The current, built on the "clover" type, creates on the Kiev highway giant traffic jams, which suffer from residents of the territories connected to the capital.
Flyover at the intersection with Kravchenko and Udaltsova Streets Flyover at the intersection with Kravchenko and Udaltsov Streets 3. Flyover at the intersection with Kravchenko and Udaltsov Streets
Despite the fact that the reconstruction project was repeatedly revised, and the authorities made concessions to local residents, promising to preserve the boulevard part of the avenue, the existing pedestrian space and the boundaries of residential areas, people still rebel. Residents believe that a lot of money will be wasted, since the program for the reconstruction of departure highways does not solve the problem of traffic jams. After the construction of overpasses and tunnels, an extension of the road outside the MKAD, expansion of exits to the Third Transport Ring and chords will be required. At the same time, the number of cars will continue to grow, filling freshly constructed roads. In addition, the situation on secondary streets will worsen.
Is there an alternative to the tunnel-flyover reconstruction option? Activists of the protest movement, at the suggestion of the founder of the "City Projects" Maxim Katz, offer to launch a light rail along the entire avenue along the separation lawn. It will cost several times less than the construction of flyovers and tunnels. The Transport Department announced that they support the initiative: in the coming years, it is really planned to launch a light rail from Kaluga Square along Leninsky Prospekt with a turn onto Ostrovityanova Street and continue along Profsoyuznaya Street. The Department expects to attract private investors to this project, because it will have to be spent on it not so little - 100 billion rubles.
Maxim Katz, public figure, creator of "City Projects":
- The main mistake of everyone who begins to think about the problem of traffic jams is that the tram interferes with cars and needs to be removed. Himself, too, at first, until I figured it out, I thought. In fact, a light rail will increase the throughput of the street and attract some of the people who are now traveling by car. A modern tram system can carry up to 15 thousand people per hour on one line, and during the same time, a car lane of the same width can carry up to 1, 500 people. Thanks to the outflow of motorists, traffic jams will decrease and the gas contamination of the entire avenue will decrease, the pedestrian zone will become usable, and crossing the avenue will become easier.
Sergey Nastin, editor: