Recall that the maintenance costs are calculated for the period of three years of operation of a used three-year instance with a range of 75 thousand to 150 thousand km (ZR, 2011, No. 1, 12). This often happens in life: the first owner sells the car at the end of the warranty (usually after three years), and the second - due to accumulated problems with components and assemblies. Perpetual machines are not produced, and the replacement of disposable units (officially unsuitable for repair) flies a pretty penny. Let, they say, the third owner and fork out. At the same time, we take into account the liquidity of the car - a drop in price over the same three years.
We carry out scheduled maintenance and unscheduled repairs caused by the weaknesses of a particular model at authorized dealers. We also get original spare parts from them. It is clear that few people do this - it's expensive. They try to go where it is cheaper - to gray dealers or even garage masters. But we deliberately repair the officials, since their prices are almost independent of the region. Thus, we put all the machines on an equal footing, which allows us to compare them with each other. We give Moscow prices that were established at the time of preparation of the material.
We do not take into account the cost of tires, and possible accidents as well. As well as payments for insurance and transport tax, as they vary greatly across regions. But we take into account fuel costs.
Well and the last - inflation. From the moment of the previous debriefing, it, according to the Federal State Statistics Service, amounted to 6.85%, and over the final five-year period - more than 50%. Of course, the corresponding amendment was made to the final protocol. Note that simply adding the numbers for the entire period is incorrect. First we add, for example, 0.5% inflation in January 2012, add 0.4% in February to the result, 0.6% in March to the result, etc. This amount will be one and a half percent more than the result of direct addition.
Perhaps, not everyone will be satisfied with the official statistics: someone is prettier to see more buckwheat in the consumer basket, and the prices for it have jumped more significantly. Then you have in your hands a personal inflation calculator, the options of which are many on the Internet. We rely only on official data.
All tables open in full size with a click of the mouse.
ARGUMENTS AND FACTS
We take information about the weaknesses of a particular model from authorized dealers. True, they are not always talkative: they are afraid to defame the brand. Then we connect to the dialogue leasing companies, taxi drivers and other organizations with a large fleet of cars and, accordingly, operating experience. Special thanks to the clubs of car owners on the Internet. Often their statistics become an iron argument. If the dealer beats this trump card, not wanting to recognize the omissions, we part with it without regret - finally and irrevocably.
In the rank of the cheapest cars in maintenance, the leader changed: now the first place is not for Daewoo Matiz, but for Kia Picanto, despite the problems of the latter associated with the flimsy connection of the timing chain sprocket on the crankshaft. In general, budget and small models require the lowest operating costs. This also applies to all-terrain vehicles: the baby Suzuki-Jimny is still the most low-cost: 6.6–6.9 rubles / km. And the most expensive to maintain is the Mercedes-Benz ML (W164). In the version with a 3.5 liter gasoline engine and automatic transmission, he will pull 27.35 rubles out of his pocket. for each kilometer traveled.
In the middle class, the difference is less significant, but also there is: from 4.81 rubles. ("Kia-Spectra" with MCP) up to 11.4 rubles. (Audi A4 with CVT) per kilometer.
In the past year, the myth was dispelled that machines built on the same platform are endowed with the same defects. It turned out not always. For example, Kia-Rio II revealed massive starter failures, and his sister Hyundai-Verna found electric power steering failures. The representative offices of these companies did not bother to answer the editorial appeal with the questions “who is to blame?” And “what to do?”. But a constructive reaction nevertheless followed: after the publication of material about Verna (ZR, 2012, No. 5), Ukraine began a free replacement of capricious resistive torque sensors, even on post-warranty machines. Here it is, a truly civilized approach.
The Russian representative office of the Hyundai Motor CIS, as if taking water in his mouth. Alas, we are still up to Europe, as before China.