Since March this year, the Moskomarkhiterkur has been conducting an open competition for the best concept for the development of the Moscow metropolitan area, in which not only Russian architectural bureaus take part, but also large companies from the Netherlands, France, Italy, Spain and the USA. The final results of the competition will be announced at the end of August, but experts from the Moscow City Architecture Committee have already decided on the favorites.
The main discovery of the competition was the idea of Aeropolis, which the city authorities had previously considered. It is promoted by two teams at once - the Dutch company OMA and the architectural and design workshop of Professor Chernikhov.
The Dutch propose dividing the city into four centers, each of which will be located next to one of Moscow airports. The government center, as previously planned, will be based around Vnukovo. All officials will move here. A scientific center will grow around Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo will become a town for businessmen, and it is planned to create an industrial center near the Chkalovsky military airport. It is planned to lay a single transport network through four airports to avoid travel through the city when moving from one center to another.
The city authorities are actively interested in this concept and have already calculated its approximate cost. They plan to start with the construction of a high-speed railway overpass between Vnukovo and Domodedovo with access to the MKZhD and the organization of the International Exhibition Complex between them as a startup for the business zone. According to the calculations of Moskomstroyinvest specialists, a railway arc of 80 km in length should cost 6 billion rubles. Further, an overpass railway can reach Sheremetyevo.
Another favorite of the contest is Chernikhov’s workshop. The Moscow team proposes to create a whole ring of eight satellite cities around the capital, where all industrial enterprises will move. It is planned to create a network of transport hubs inside the city in the area of the TTC, on which citizens could leave their cars and transfer to the metro or railway express.
Sergey Nastin, editor: