The design of the novelty caused sharp controversy in the press and in London society …
The design of the novelty caused a sharp controversy in the press and in London society … The design of the novelty caused a sharp controversy in the press and in London society …
The London "AEC Rutmaster" of 1956 (and generally double-decker buses have been running here since 1911!) Has become a real calling card of the capital of Foggy Albion. These machines were kept in operation to the last, upgrading as much as possible. But in 2005 they still had to resign, giving way to stringent environmental requirements, especially in central London. They began to think more about people with disabilities (they need a particularly low-floor body) and about staff reductions (in double-deckers, in addition to the driver, a conductor also worked).
The development of a new bus started in 2007. During the election campaign, the future mayor of London, Boris Johnson, promised to revive the features of the legendary “Rutmaster” and thereby not only scored points from the electorate, but also perpetuated his name: the sample presented in 2011 by the company “Raytbas” was popularly called the “Borismaster” or simply “borisbus. " I must say that the competition was serious: a total of 700 proposals were received. And for the contract for the supply of buses, six companies fought: the local companies Dennis, Raytbas, Opter, and Evobus, Scania, and Hispano, who came from the continent. The game was worth the candle: it was about building 600 cars in three years.
The competition was won by WrightBass. The first prototype was introduced in May 2011, of course, by the mayor of the city, moreover, not just during a formal presentation, but on the go, sitting behind the wheel! Already in February 2012, the first copy went to the 38th city route.
From the back platform of the Borisbus you can jump out on the go, at low speed
From the back platform of the Borisbus you can jump out on the go, at low speed. From the back platform of the Borisbus you can jump out on the go, at low speed.
Inside the “borisbus” there are 88 seats, of which 22 are seats on the ground floor, 40 on the second, one for a wheelchair and 25 more passengers can stand. All of them were housed in a body length of 11.23 and a width of 2.52 m. In this case, you cannot remain silent about the height: it is 4.39 m, which allows you to run right under standard viaducts, imposing a limit of 4.5 m. The bus weighs 11, 8 tons, it is equipped with three doors on the port side (remember, on which side the British drive!). It is curious that the rear glass door can be kept constantly open to jump in or jump out of the bus at low speed. This was done specifically in memory of the “Rutmaster”, where the open area at the back served precisely for fast landing and disembarkation. The middle door is equipped with a ramp for the disabled. In addition, air suspension on six pillows allows the machine to “crouch” by 70 mm. There are two stairs leading to the second floor: behind, and also between the front and last doors.
Perhaps this is all that is interesting from the point of view of the passenger. But the reader behind the wheel is not just a passenger. Therefore, we will talk about what is hidden under a graceful red body.
So, we are dealing … with an all-wheel drive city bus. Moreover, if the front wheels are turned by a 4.5-liter 252-horsepower Cummins diesel engine, then the rear wheels are powered by an electric motor.
Energy for it is stored in lithium-ion batteries, and it gets into them either from a generator or from solar panels placed on the roof. The on-board computer is engaged in a specific distribution of energy flows depending on the mode of movement. He knows better how many kilowatts where to get at any given moment.