In order to stimulate the outflow of residents to the annexed territories near Moscow, and the capital was expanding for this, it is necessary first of all to develop the infrastructure. So far, the future "second center" is a huge village. Over the next five years, the length of roads in Greater Moscow will increase by 330 km. Kaluga highway from a secondary road should turn into the main transport artery of the city, at least on the site to Troitsk, next to which it is planned to build a town for officials. The track will expand to 8-10 lanes. Already this year, preparatory work will be carried out along the entire road to the border with the Kaluga region, and construction will begin next.
It is planned to make non-stop trade union street and Leninsky Prospekt already in 2013 - all pedestrian crossings will be removed underground. It is most likely that it will not be possible to expand these highways - houses stand close to the road.
Kutuzovsky Prospekt will immediately have two understudies - north and south. Moreover, according to the deputy mayor of the city for economic policy, Andrei Sharonov, both roads outside the Moscow Ring Road are likely to be paid. The northern understudy of Kutuzovsky Prospekt, 10.3 km long, will pass along the railway right-of-way, will cross the Moscow Ring Road in the area of the interchange with Molodogvardeyskaya Street, and outside the city it will continue with a toll motorway crossing Odintsovo and Vlasikha. Where it will go further, until the authorities have determined. Perhaps merge with the Mozhaisk highway. The southern doubler will start from the TTK, pass along the Kiev direction of the Moscow Railway, cross the Ramenki and Mosfilmovsky districts, then through the Ochakovo and MKAD industrial zones will reach Skolkovo.
It is impossible to do without dedicated lanes in Moscow, even in new territories. Next year, bus lanes will appear outside the Moscow Ring Road on Kaluga, Kiev, Warsaw and Simferopol Highways. The deputy mayor for construction, Marat Khusnullin, warned that on some routes they could try out a new scheme, which we already wrote about, that the highlighted lines will not be placed along the edges of the road, but in the middle.
The annexed territories are mostly rural areas. There are only two cities in this vast space - Troitsk and Shcherbinka, the rest are towns and villages. Therefore, the main task is to create a good asphalt coating of primers. According to the municipality, about 400 km of the roads of Greater Moscow do not have it. Now they are covered with fine asphalt crumb, removed from Moscow roads during the reconstruction, but these are temporary measures. Permanent asphalt paving will be laid next year.
Newly made Muscovites will now have to feel the hardships of capital fines, which since July 1 are double that in other regions. This applies to fines for improper parking, travel on a designated lane and violation of traffic rules in residential areas.
The question of speed limits on large federal highways, which have now become urban territory, remained unclear. The press service of the Moscow State Traffic Safety Inspectorate explained to us that in order to change the speed limit on Kaluga and Kiev Highways it is not enough to make them part of Moscow, special decrees must be signed, new signs must be established. So far this has not been done, and the Department of Transport is in no hurry to change the speed limit. So on the Kaluga and Kiev highway you can drive at the same speed as before.
Video recording of offenses will also get to new territories with a little delay. But before the end of the year, at least 20 complexes for fixing traffic violations will appear on the main highways of the Novomoskovsky and Trinity districts. This was told by the director of the city Center for Traffic Management Igor Korolev. The most difficult thing, he said, is much worse visibility, so you need to install not only security cameras, but also additional lighting.
But mobile video fixation complexes - parkons - in the near future will definitely not be in the new Moscow. Although the plans for next year already mean the creation of routes for paronas, which run through the territories beyond the Moscow Ring Road.
On the basis of the already existing units of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the annexed lands, it was decided to create a new Department of the Interior - in the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky districts. However, there are not enough traffic police officers present, so traffic cops from Moscow units were asked to voluntarily switch to work in new districts. Oddly enough, there were many who wanted to - as many as 40 people in the Western District alone. Employees of the STSI traffic police will now serve in the Skolkovo and Odintsovo districts. Inspectors of the 7th Special Traffic Police Battalion who previously worked on the road to Domodedovo Airport passed to Kaluga Highway. Kiev highway is now serviced by employees of the 2nd special battalion.
The idea of a one-time accession of a huge territory to the capital was borrowed by the Russian president from the previous French president. The Le Grand Paris project, first voiced by Nicolas Sarkozy in 2007, almost completely coincides with the idea of Greater Moscow - to create a wider urban space with several centers that would be located in different parts of the city. Each department should become a new urban center in the depressed areas of Greater Paris and thereby overcome their "backwardness." This is exactly what is happening now in France, while our officials are trying to disown the move. A whole network of transport hubs, the so-called hubs, is being created on the periphery of Paris, so that citizens and residents of nearby territories can quickly reach other remote areas without calling into the center.
Sergey Nastin, editor: