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New Moscow: A City That Does Not Exist


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Video: New Moscow: A City That Does Not Exist

Video: New Moscow: A City That Does Not Exist
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New Moscow: A City That Does Not Exist
New Moscow: A City That Does Not Exist



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The agreement on the transfer to the capital of a part of the territory of the Moscow Region - 148 thousand hectares - two subjects of the federation signed promptly, at the end of the year. The city line will move to the south-west, and now it will border the Kaluga region. In addition, plots in the west of the region will join Moscow, one of them near Zvenigorod (for the presidential administration), the other - the territory of the International Financial Center and the Skolkovo Innovation Center.

In April, the head of state instructed officials of federal departments to prepare for moving to the territories annexed to Moscow; proposals should be developed as soon as possible, in May. Most likely, the Federation Council and the State Duma, the presidential administration, the apparatus of the government of the country, and federal executive bodies will change their residence registration. The Prosecutor General’s Office, the Investigative Committee, the Accounts Chamber, the Supreme Arbitration Court and the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation will also move beyond the MKAD.

Not otherwise, the country's leaders are confident that as a result of the road in the center of the capital will seriously unload. They also argue that the construction of new buildings for government agencies will not burden the budget - the money will help from the sale of old buildings in the historic center of the capital. They also thought about how officials quickly and unhindered to get to a new place of work. In particular, the head of state instructed the Moscow government, together with the Russian Ministry of Transport, to prepare by December 1 a project for the reconstruction of the Kaluga Highway in order to turn it into a traffic-free city highway. And the entire transit flow will bypass new areas - along the Kiev highway and the Central Ring Road.

True, so far this is only a set of good wishes. As Presidential Aide D. Medvedev noted, Arkady Dvorkovich, the buildings of future departments in the new territory have not yet been designed. Moreover, it is not really clear where they will stand. The international competition, which will form the concept of building up new areas, has just started; According to A. Dvorkovich, the whole next year will be spent on design. Therefore, construction will not begin before the end of 2013, and the first objects will be completed in 2015.

Already, it is not very clear how moving authorities will affect the solution to the problem of Moscow traffic jams. After all, it is already known that the president will remain in the Kremlin - there is his office. However, according to the plan, his apparatus will move somewhere beyond Troitsk. And what, a gigantic traffic jam is lined up from this Troitsk to the historical center of Moscow, through Kaluga Highway, Profsoyuznaya Street, Leninsky Prospekt and Bolshaya Yakimanka? The same applies to ministries and their "subordinate" companies. For example, the Ministry of Energy will leave for Mamyri, for example, and all the largest oil and gas companies will remain in newly built modern offices in the center of the capital. And now officials and businessmen will begin to continuously wander back and forth along the Kaluga highway?

In general, the main problem of this grandiose project is that it is not clear why it was started. Improve the governance of the country? (They say that in this indicator Russia is in 96th place in the world.) Great idea! But why for this remove the presidential administration 40 km from the president himself? Show me studies that confirm that this will help to improve the management system!

And not only I do not understand the meaning of this idea, but also almost the entire Public Chamber of Russia (its members at the end of March adopted a resolution demanding to suspend the project until public hearings and environmental assessments). And by and large, the citizens of the country also do not understand. As always, they forgot to explain to them why a grandiose experiment was started. However, what's the difference? The main thing is that it starts on July 1. With what we congratulate!


Chairman of the Board of the Avtodor State Company

In the territories that are annexed to Moscow, the existing M3 “Ukraine” highway passes (it was transferred to the trust management of Avtodor Group last year). Despite the fact that the highway to the 86th km is within the city limits, it was decided not to include it in the street-road network of the capital. This will allow the development of the highway as a high-speed road as part of the international transport corridor. The highway will be reconstructed, but the project is only being developed.

In addition, the Central Ring Road (TsKAD) should pass through the new territory. The design documentation for the first launch complex (119 km long, from M1 Belarus to M4 Don) is now undergoing state expertise. According to the plan, the preparation of the territory will begin in 2013. The construction of this section (width from four to six lanes) will be carried out under the concession agreement; it should be completed in 2021. And now the issue of creating a freight and passenger transport hub in the south-west of New Moscow is being studied. This project, of course, should link all types of transport, including aviation.

When implementing our projects, we are guided by the Avtodor activity program approved by the government of the Russian Federation. And we will coordinate all the projects within the framework of New Moscow with the efforts of a joint working group, which includes representatives of Avtodor, the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation, the governments of the capital and the region.


Director of the Institute of Transport Economics and Politics of the Higher School of Economics, member of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation

I am ready to calculate all the traffic flows in the new territorial entity, but only after the specialists in urban planning, urbanists, talk about the functions of the territories to be joined. They will explain where the office areas, industrial enterprises, sleeping areas will be located, they will justify the direction of labor flows. Where will the residents go in the morning and why, and where - after work? This is for new areas. I am still very concerned about how empty office buildings will be used in the historic city center.

Now there is an international competition, and we are promised that by autumn the concept of the development of new areas will be finally formed. I hope that then I will receive answers to my questions and be able to calculate the movement of traffic flows. Perhaps my conclusions will not please the authors of the idea of expanding the city. But I can’t say anything more.

This may be a great idea, but so far only an idea that has not been supported by calculations.

Alexander SARYCHEV

Director of the Research Institute of Transport and Road Facilities

I am not a supporter of this project. There are so many empty and groomed places, tens of square kilometers of idle industrial zones in Moscow and the nearest Moscow region, full of dilapidated housing. Yes, many territories have been sold out, but they need to be redeemed, withdrawn production that does not correspond to the capital, and relocated people.

Vladislav Krupchinsky

artist, resident of Obninsk (Kaluga region)

In recent years, getting to Moscow, where I work, has become quite convenient. The train ride to the center of the capital takes 1 hour 40 minutes. And after the reconstruction of the Kiev highway, which lasted several years, you can also drive a car - in an hour I drive from my house to the nearest metro station “Yugo-Zapadnaya”. What will change for me when the border of Moscow moves almost to the outskirts of my city? I do not know. Most likely nothing. This situation has been discussed more than once with friends who, like me, go to work in the capital. The main thing that we are all afraid of is that mass reconstruction of all roads leading to Moscow, both automobile and rail, will begin again. And, as usual, for several years. So, again, the problem will be getting to work - in the old center of Moscow, bypassing the new center …



The Kremlin, of course, will remain in place, because the symbol of the state and the first persons of the state to leave this place is worthless. The destruction of symbols generally has a bad effect on the minds of citizens. But to drive out of the ring road - to make "zamkadysh" - the lower house, the upper house, the Public Chamber and other state bodies, I consider it very correct.

The main thing is not to put everything in one place: they must be distributed very evenly throughout the territory of New Moscow. Then we will immediately solve a lot of problems. Firstly, we get the points of attraction around which such good centers, agglomerations will form. They need to be served, you need to live with them.

And secondly, we will redistribute traffic flows.


architect, general director of a design company

Any professional today will tell you that just the idea of expanding the boundaries of the city is not even worth discussing. No topic! But there is a real problem: Moscow and the region, which historically developed as a single region, categorically did not want to build joint plans in the last two decades. This caused great damage - to everyone. Is it necessary to attach such a huge piece to the capital? Not sure. Previously, land was attached to Moscow, following a certain logic. Let’s say, the city of Babushkin first became actually part of a big city, and then this took place legally - it turned into the Babushkinsky district of the capital. And now, probably, it would be logical to add Khimki, Mytishchi or Korolev to Moscow, because these are practically the districts of Moscow - but not thousands of hectares of clean field or forest. What for? If there is a task to relocate the federal government somewhere, you can specifically build a satellite city like Zelenograd, connecting it to Moscow with modern high-speed roads.

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