Degree of emotion
Figures no worse than words can cause strong emotions, for example, if you bring the data in a certain comparison. Let's say this.
The largest road builder in the Ministry of Transport's system - the Federal Road Agency (in short - Rosavtodor) out of the specified length of new routes in 2011 laid 233 km. We compare: the volume of appropriations of Rosavtodor from the federal budget amounted to 321.7 billion rubles.
The cost of laying one km of asphalt is easy to determine: we divide the money into kilometers - we get 1.34 billion. Emotions are inevitable: wow! However, we will deal with the numbers to the end - the above ones are taken out of the context of general results.
Corridors to civilization
Road road is different. Rosavtodor paves mainly federal routes, that is, multi-lane. In terms of a single-lane road, almost 1.5 thousand km is obtained.
And what does it consist of? This is not a straight, like an arrow, track on the ironed southern plain. The final result consists of small, from 5 to 35 km, sections, often in impassable places with a difficult climate - in the Ussuri Territory, Khakassia, Pribaikalye, in the Novosibirsk and Irkutsk Regions, on Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands, Kamchatka. Here is at least one of the eloquent addresses of the place of work of medium complexity: the Chuysky tract, the tract of the Ursul River in Altai. But here you need to bring equipment, deliver materials, fuel and lubricants, the necessary thing is to equip the town of builders … Even, it would seem, in the resort of Kabardino-Balkaria, where the road to Elbrus is laid, and North Ossetia is not honey at all - you had to gnaw the rock.
Not only multi-lane highways were built - roads led narrower to settlements in the outback. Now there are 210 more settlements with asphalt. Hundreds of thousands of their inhabitants have found a connection with civilization.
A double event in the village of Zyablovo, Orel Region: a bus route to the village opened along a new asphalt road and a new architectural structure appeared in Zyablovo - a bus stop pavilion. A double event in the village of Zyablovo, Orel Region: a bus route to the village opened along a new asphalt road and a new architectural structure appeared in Zyablovo - a bus stop pavilion. Events in the village of Zyablovo, Orel Region: a bus route was launched to the village along a new road and a new architectural structure appeared - a bus stop pavilion.
And what's on the sidelines
The modern road is not only a hard surface, but also parking areas, noise protection screens, chippers, brake slides and other safety features. The installation of lighting masts and the laying of an electric cable to them is also a concern of dorstroy. Last year, 653.5 km of electric lighting lines were laid only on federal roads, 175 linear km of fences were installed, 24 overpasses were built (not to be confused with a cheap land “zebra”) with a total length of 1, 155 linear meters. All this is not cheap - we are talking about complicated designs.
But this is a penny in comparison with the cost of bridges and interchanges. One can imagine how difficult it was to transfer (and what it cost) a 400-meter bridge over the Vostochnaya Khandyga River in Yakutia, a bridge over the Angara River in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, and mount 100 m of artificial structures on the Kuril islands of Kunashir and Shikotan. The cable-stayed colossus-record-breaking bridge is being erected in Vladivostok through the Eastern Bosphorus Strait, it will connect the city with Russky Island.
Resuscitation of the "killed"
In search of an answer to the question “What did you spend hundreds of billions on?”, It must be remembered that Rosavtodor was engaged not only in laying new ones, but also in repairing and reconstructing roads that were “used”. Some are completely killed, others need to be strengthened, because because of destructive loads they are threatened with an early death; thirdly, because of the unsuitability of the canvas, frequent road accidents … Last year, road workers introduced 5.6 thousand km of repaired sections - a third more than in the previous one. More than 17 thousand meters of bridges over the Volga, Yenisei, Seversky Donets and others were brought into a state of “like new” - this is one and a half times more than they did a year earlier.
And they continued to build ten Sochi Olympic venues, according to international agreements of the Russian Federation with the Black Sea countries, introduced a section of the ring road around the sea, built entrances to border posts …
It is also a necessary cost - to equip, if not luxurious, but at least tolerable for comfort housing for builders. The pencil box room has six beds, lockers, shelves, linen, TV. That he showed, it is necessary to provide a signal reception. Electricity is more often from generators. In the town of builders there is all the infrastructure - from the administrative house to the sports ground, equipment parking, fuel and lubricants storage. It is also a necessary cost - to equip, if not luxurious, but at least tolerable in terms of comfort housing for builders. The pencil box room has six beds, lockers, shelves, linen, TV. That he showed, it is necessary to provide a signal reception. Electricity is more often from generators. In the town of builders there is all the infrastructure - from the administrative house to the sports ground, equipment parking, fuel and lubricants storage. It is also a necessary cost - to equip a dumb, but at least tolerable in terms of comfort housing for builders. The room has six beds, lockers, TV.
… and 250 more checks
A doubting reader will still not get rid of the thought that part of the finances has “dissolved”. Assuming such sentiments, at a recent briefing hosted by industry leaders, journalists asked about the appropriateness of the appropriations.
The head of Rosavtodor Anatoly Chabunin replied: “Placement of orders was transparent - almost 5 thousand open tenders and auctions were held. Yes, the Federal Antimonopoly Service received complaints from losers; fifty of them were recognized as justified. But it is important, the head of the federal agency emphasized, to assess that even purely procedural inaccuracies did not pass - the FAS did not allow it. Further, in the production stage, all 40 of our customers were constantly monitored “over the shoulder” over how honestly we spend the funds - the terms of the contracts allow such control. In addition, during the year 250 inspections of supervisory bodies of various levels took place, in many cases with the participation of the Federal Service for Supervision of Public Situations or the Prosecutor's Office. However, they know how to “dig,” Anatoly Chabunin concluded, “they haven’t identified a crime.”
According to experts, in Russia in 2011 only 40% of federal highways met the regulatory requirements for transport and operational indicators. Until 2020, due to the federal budget, 18 thousand km of multi-lane roads with modern interchanges and increased throughput will be laid.