Modern electric cars are an ambiguous thing. They are expensive, they travel close, they charge for a long time. And recycling lithium-ion batteries is a problem. At the same time, everyone says that the future lies with them. Forecasts are still cautious, but optimistic: Renault estimates that by 2020 electric cars will occupy 10% of the global car market. So far, in Europe and the United States, sales are in the thousands.
Already 29 i-MiEV sold in Russia
Already 29 i-MiEV sold in Russia 29 i-MiEV already sold in Russia 29 i-MiEV already sold in Russia
By the end of the year, as many as 29 electric vehicles were sold in Russia. And they are all Mitsubishi i-MiEV. Rolf Import was the first to bring electric cars to Russia, the first to certify them and the first to start selling. True, the price turned out at the level of premium sedans not in the poorest configuration - 1, 799, 000 rubles. But here the importer shrugs his hands: in Russia electric cars not only do not receive benefits, but they are also subject to full customs duty - and this is 600 thousand rubles. Negotiations with authorities on preferences for eco-transport have not yet yielded results.
The Mitsubishi i-MiEV electric car is redesigned from the i minicar and is equipped with a 67-horsepower electric motor and a lithium-ion battery pack. The power reserve under ideal conditions should be about 160 km, but the real mileage in urban conditions is unlikely to exceed 100-120 km. Electric car manufacturers believe that this is more than the average daily mileage of a typical city dweller.
Where to charge electric cars? Next year they promise to build 28 charging stations in Moscow. So far, there are two exercises: in early June, charging worked on Sadovnicheskaya Street. In November, another one opened - not far from the Paveletsky station. Obviously, all 29 sold "ah-miev" are charged there? Or from a household network. Which is significantly longer - about 10 hours.
The good thing is that Mitsubishi decided to start selling electric cars. Other manufacturers are still in doubt. Representatives of Nissan directly stated in July at the presentation of Leaf in Luzhniki that the start of Russian sales is linked to state support. Meanwhile, of all the electric vehicles that visited Russia this summer, the Nissan Leaf is the only one of the original design, and not converted from a conventional car with an internal combustion engine. However, it does not get cheaper or more expensive from this - almost half the price of an electric car is the cost of the battery pack.
Leaf autonomy is similar to i-MiEV. The declared range is even slightly higher than 175 km. It should be borne in mind that Leaf is much heavier than i-MiEV. But in terms of capacity it is almost a golf hatchback. The only difference is that the condenser unit, located behind the rear seats, eats up a portion of the useful volume of the trunk and does not allow the rear seats to be folded out.
Leaf also has a wonderful little thing - if you don’t press on the pedal, put the selector for selecting driving modes (the Nissan electric does not have a gearbox) into eco mode, and also use regenerative braking actively, then you can grow a tree in a couple of hours of travel - true, just an icon on the dashboard. But the pleasure of this is no less.
In summer, two more manufacturers, Renault and Volvo, made happy with their electric trains. And Renault brought as many as two electric cars - the Fluence ZE sedan and the Kangoo ZE “heel.” It's funny that the electric “Kangoo” also found a gas tank cover. However, it turned out that Kangoo ZE does not drive with liquid fuel (more precisely, diesel fuel), but only uses it to heat an electric motor in the cold mountainous regions of France. By the way, a good option for Russia, because our frosts will give odds to any French mountain village.
Sales of their electric vehicles, as well as alliance partners from Nissan, the French link with the support of the authorities. Rumor has it that Renault wants to interest the Moscow government in the project of electric taxis with a fleet from Renault Fluence ZE. It's time to remember that electric taxis were quite common at the dawn of motorization. And the Moscow taxi fleet in the 1920s consisted exclusively of Renault. But again, it all comes down to zeroing duties for electric vehicles and other preferences for manufacturers of eco-vehicles.
In Portugal, electro-Renault is already driving In Portugal, electro-Renault is already driving In Portugal, electro-Renault is already driving
In the meantime, the correspondent of "ZR-online" was able to test Fluence ZE on the roads of Portugal. And I must say that as a taxi electro-Fluence is much more appropriate than in private ownership. Indeed, in the presence of a large fleet of electric vehicles, the issue of charging is not so acute.
C30 can be heated with bioethanol C30 can be heated with bioethanol C30 can be heated with bioethanol
If electric cars Mitsubishi, Nissan and Renault in Europe are already sold, then another guest of the capital - Volvo C30 Electric - a concept even in Sweden, where he comes from. But the northern neighbor has one significant plus - the climate system works on bioethanol, which means that a valuable battery charge is not spent on heating or cooling the passenger compartment.
Volvo during a short dynamic presentation of the electric C30 did not even mention the possibility of selling in Russia. And in Sweden itself, the first in the series will go not an electric car, but a diesel-electric V60 Plug-in Hybrid.
Volvo launched a diesel-electric hybrid
Volvo launched a diesel-electric hybrid Volvo launched a diesel-electric hybrid Volvo launched a diesel-electric hybrid
Finally, unable to withstand such an electric pressure, AvtoVAZ introduced its electric car. Apparently, there were some developments from Renault-Nissan. The electric Lada on the basis of Kalina was called ELLADA and they are going to test it in the Stavropol Territory. It is a pity that AvtoVAZ did not remember its rich hydrogen past: several prototypes were built in Togliatti on hydrogen fuel cells under the general name ANTEL. But these cars based on the Niva and Priors remained prototypes.