Replica of the world's first Benz and Mercedes-Benz 300SL
Copy of the world's first Benz and Mercedes-Benz 300SL car Copy of the world's first Benz and Mercedes-Benz 300SL car
A copy of that very first-ever car with an internal combustion engine created in Mannheim by Karl Benz and patented by him on January 29, 1886 was exhibited at the Daimler AG booth. The machine is efficient, it can move on its own. Its single-cylinder four-stroke engine with a power of 0.55 kW with a displacement of 0, 954 liters anticipated the technologies that are still used in any internal combustion engine: a crankshaft with counterweights, electric ignition and liquid cooling.
In the same year, but a little later, in another German city of Cannstatt, the company Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft Gottlieb Daimler and his long-time associate Wilhelm Maybach created his four-wheeled car with an internal combustion engine.
In 1900, Daimler cars got the name Mercedes, and in 1926, Daimler and Benz merged into Daimler-Benz AG (the modern name for this company is Daimler AG), and since then all the cars in the association are called Mercedes-Benz.
Mercedes-Benz CLS Mercedes-Benz CLS
In addition to the first car, two more cars are presented at the stand. This is the legendary Mercedes-Benz 300 SL mid-50s and the car of our days is the Mercedes-Benz CLS-class. The last car clearly demonstrates how far the automotive industry has made strides over 125 years.
At the stand dedicated to the 125th founding of the Bosch company, devices and parts of electrical equipment that had not previously been demonstrated in Russia were shown. Here you can see interesting cars, among which stood out Horch 951A, naturally equipped with the Bosch electrical system, as well as the BMW R 66 motorcycle, on which the parts manufactured by this company are clearly visible.
Bosch company stand Horch-951A
Bosch Horch-951A company stand Bosch Horch-951A company stand
On November 15, 1886, the young mechanic Robert Bosch received official permission to open his own company, Workshops of Precise Mechanics and Electrical Engineering, in Stuttgart, Germany. Now this company is called Robert Bosch GmbH. She is the creator of the basic elements and systems of electrical equipment for cars, and not only. Bosch also produces household appliances and power tools and is famous for the quality of its products. Without much exaggeration, we can say that Bosch products are known to everyone, since the company has branches in many parts of the world.
Clubs of antique cars participating in the show and various restoration workshops provided for viewing a lot of Soviet-era domestic equipment, ranging from the armored ZIL-41051 represented by the Special Purpose Garage to the humpback ZAZ-965. The abundance of GAZ-21 Volga cars simply froze in the eyes.
There were rare well-restored specimens on the show. For example, the ZIS-33 and ZIS-42 trucks equipped with caterpillar movers restored in the workshop of E. Shamansky. A bright spot is a copy of the participant of the Karakum run of the GAZ-AAA car.
For the first time, a separate thematic exhibition “They built a car. Underground of the Soviet automobile industry. " Not everyone remembers that in the 1960s and 80s in the USSR there was a movement of creators of makeshift cars. At that time it was quite difficult to buy a car, even with the necessary amount of money. Cars were in great short supply. The only way out is to build the car yourself. And since Russia has never had a shortage of savvy and handy people, home-made cars, here and there, began to appear in the vastness of our country.
Back in the mid-60s, the KD brand was rumored - the so-called small batch of 2 + 2 coupe with a fiberglass body based on the Zaporozhets ZAZ-965 was so called. The author of the design is the famous designer Eduard Molchanov. The graphic artists brothers Alexander and Vladimir Shcherbinin were then known. They assembled their first car in 1970 from units and assemblies from the Volga GAZ-21 - this homemade product would then be called GTSC or Grand-Turismo Shcherbininov. The design was ahead of its time - the engine could be installed both in front and behind the seats according to the “mid-engine” scheme.
Fiberglass homemade bodywork
Fiberglass homemade bodywork Fiberglass homemade bodywork
In the 80s, special contests for the best home-made car were already organized, they were written about their creators in the magazines Za Rulem or Technika Molodezhi, and television devoted themes to them in the program You Can Do It. Now these machines evoke mixed feelings of emotion, surprise, admiration and even pride in the golden hands of the author of such a homemade product, who managed to find an elegant solution in a hopeless situation.
These are somewhat miraculous and naive, which today have turned from vehicles into collectibles, as a tribute to the talent, experience and knowledge of their creators, as a historical monument to the phenomenon of the history of the development of technology in our country - an alternative to the official automobile industry. The “do-it-yourselfers” movement has not completely stalled. On display are modern home-made cars made at a good professional level.
A lot of foreign cars, especially American and German, were presented at the Ottimer Gallery. The lion's share of American cars covers the period of the late 50s - 70s of the last century. German cars are represented by the period of the 30s - 60s of the XX century. There are a number of Wehrmacht vehicles that took part in World War II.
NSU Kettenkrad with Opel Olympia engine
NSU Kettenkrad with Opel Olympia engine NSU Kettenkrad with Opel Olympia engine
Among them, one can note an interesting half-track vehicle, which with a stretch can be called a half-track motorcycle. The car is built by NSU and is powered by an Opel Olympia car.
One of the oldest exhibits presented at the show is the French car Darraсq 1907 release.
Gerda’s stand was colorful and interesting, along with Gerda’s products from Kamyshinsky Mashzavod LLC, Messerschmitt microcars, an American fire truck REO 1929, as well as small car models with two palm-sized models made of tree. The models not only opened doors, but also operated door locks.
In addition to cars at the show, one could see motorcycles, an exposition of bicycles of different times, transport toys and many stands indirectly related to the car. This is, firstly, collapses with old parts, books on automotive topics, secondly, the tents of workshops involved in the manufacture and restoration of small parts necessary for the restoration of cars and, thirdly, pavilions with models of cars of different sizes.
The engine of the first Russian car
Engine of the first Russian car Engine of the first Russian car