The front-wheel drive GAZ-3103 was designed in parallel with the model 3111 - this is easy to understand by the appearance of both cars. Unlike the latter, which nevertheless was awarded its own mini-conveyor and a small series, the GAZ-3103 remained a beautiful experimental development
All-wheel drive GAZ-24-95 "Volga" for the hunting reserve "Zavidovo". Used transfer case, drive shafts and springs UAZ-469. In 1974, a batch of five cars was built. One of them was used by the Secretary General of the CPSU Central Committee, L. I. Brezhnev on vacation in Zavidovo. One instance has survived, which has been in Gorky all this time and today is being presented as Brezhnev.
The pre-production Volga GAZ-24-14, running gear No. 4, with a V-shaped 6-cylinder GAZ-24-14 engine with a working volume of 2.99 liters and a power of 104 hp, 1965. Work on the “sixes” with carburetors and electronic injection, an aluminum or cast-iron block, as well as diesels, was carried out at the GAZ from 1961 to 1971, but the production GAZ-24 received a weak 4-cylinder engine. Photo: www.autowp.ru
The project to update the appearance of the GAZ-21 "Volga" by the designer NAMI Eduard Molchanov. In December 1960, the Italian studio Ghia offered a cladding with horizontal slats for Volga, fulfilling the order of the Belgian importer Volg, Scaldia-Volga. However, the grille with a frequent vertical whalebone on the GAZ-21 will be retained. She will be a sign and GAZ-24. Illustration: FSUE NAMI
Just not a taxi
In 1973, on the instructions of the technical council of the USSR Ministry of Automotive Industry, GAZ developed a taxi car project for production at ZAZ. Of the three projects (ZAZ, US and GAZ), the work of Gorky was recognized as the best. And so much so that the ministry wished to expand the production of a taxi, including at GAZ itself. The plant fought off an unprofitable order. GAZ-taxi was never built and existed only in sketches, layouts and in the production project.
Instead of the Seagull discontinued by order from above, in 1987 GAZ proposed the Volga with improved finishes and V8 engines: the GAZ-31013 with 5.53 L V8 (Tchaikovsky) and the GAZ-31011 with 4, 25 liter V8 (from the GAZ-53 truck). Externally, the samples looked the same. Alas, they remained prototypes.
In the early 1970s, by order of the Ministry of Defense, GAZ began to develop the GAZ-3101, firmly intending to introduce V6 engines (gasoline with injection and diesel), as well as an automatic transmission. The first sample, based on sketches by designer Nikolai Kireev, was built on December 15, 1973. From this model, we get the GAZ-3102 (in the series since 1981).
After the Secretary General of the CPSU, Mikhail Gorbachev, ordered the production of Seagull to be curtailed, the question arose of equivalent replacement. He made his proposal to us. In 1988, this project was demonstrated in the closed section of the automotive design exhibition at VDNH. However, it was not considered successful.
Units overtook the body
To replace the expensive "Seagull" was supposed to come a new "Volga". In 1986, GAZ built a “mule” - an all-wheel drive model of the GAZ-3106M with a body from 3102, but with a wheelbase and track like the future GAZ-3105. Temporary number 3106M had to be assigned, since the GAZ-3105 body models appeared only at the end of 1987. In the GAZ-3106M, almost everything except the body comes from the GAZ-3105.
At the end of 1987, four prototypes of the GAZ-3105 were built (white, black, golden and dark cherry color). Designer - Igor Bezrodnykh. The glued upper windows did not fall, and the lower sections were entrusted with the function of window leaves. Allegedly, this decision was not liked by Raisa Maksimovna Gorbacheva, because through the low windows there are knees visible from the outside. Most likely, this is a bike, and the sophisticated design was abandoned for practical reasons. Under the hood was a V8 with electronic injection. The car had a permanent four-wheel drive of all wheels, the suspension was MacPherson strut, the steering gear was rack and pinion, and the brakes were disc with ABS. The interiors for the prototypes took from the Saab 9000.
At first glance - the serial GAZ-3105, but in fact - the prototype GAZ-3104, built on its shortened chassis, equipped with hydropneumatic suspension struts with an electronic system for changing stiffness parameters in real time and a variable clearance. The topic was held jointly with the Aviation Design Bureau. P. O. Sukhoi. Under the hood, instead of the V8, there is an in-line 4-cylinder engine. Photo courtesy of V. N. Nosakov.
In November 2003, GAZ ordered the Moscow-based engineering firm Cardi Sergey Alyshev to redesign the GAZ-3102, a car that unexpectedly continued to be in demand, despite the dominance of used foreign cars. In 2004, at the MIMS-2004 exhibition in Moscow, he was presented at the GAZ stand. Designer - Svyatoslav Sahakyan.
There are few attempts to improve the consumer qualities of serial Volga cars by installing more powerful engines and automatic transmissions (GAZ-3110 in the picture). And even the spring rear suspension was almost replaced by a spring.
GAZ-3115 - the prototype of the Volga segment D, 2003. The length of the car is 4.5 m. It is equipped with a rack and pinion steering gear, suspensions on subframes (front - 2-link, rear - multi-link), 5-speed manual gearbox. Drive - to the rear wheels. Under the hood of the prototype is a 2.3-liter 4-cylinder 16-valve ZMZ-4062 rated at 130 hp.
GAZ-3111 - "Volga" in the style of "a la rus" by designers Sergei Plotnikov and Igor Bezrodny. The model was presented in 1998, and from 2000 to 2004 the plant produced about 450 of these machines. The Nizhny Novgorod company "Rida" developed and tested an armored version of the GAZ-3111 (in the upper picture).