So, 32 sites were found that can be expanded to one degree or another. In some places, an additional strip will appear in each direction, doublers will be created somewhere. In total, about a hundred kilometers of roads will be built, which is comparable to the current MKAD. The first will be laid in the Strogino area from the Moskva River almost to Novorizhskoye Shosse.
They plan to expand the Moscow Ring Road with the help of the construction of congresses and exits. Indeed, now the exit-exit here takes place, as a rule, in one lane, another half of the lane is used for rebuilding. Why not make two full bands? This does not require huge costs, and the effect is quite obvious.
It is also about finding new opportunities. A few years ago, under Luzhkov, there were proposals to remove power lines under the ground, and use the vacant space for the construction or expansion of roads. Mayor Sobyanin supported this idea, and now something similar is planned to be done next to the Ostashkovsky highway: most likely, there will be a new entrance to Moscow from the Moscow Ring Road.
In two areas this year, not only pre-design, but also basic design work will be carried out. And in the Crocus City area and the government building of the Moscow Region, the situation is so tense that this year they will even begin construction there.
The problem of the Moscow Ring Road is the huge shopping centers along the highway. Therefore, some projects envisage that the MKAD double roads will go behind the malls and have branches to them.
However, only by expanding the road or increasing its length, the transport problem cannot be solved. Sobyanin believes that it is necessary to clean transport hubs and customs terminals outside the city. Because the goods come by rail, and then transported from Moscow by car. And the mayor’s office is thinking about a designated lane on the Moscow Ring Road for public transport, which will go through transport and transfer hubs (TPU). This year it is planned to build 33.
The authorities are trying to convince the Muscovites that the restructuring of the MKAD does not hinder the traffic flow. Fresh legend … Even patching in the spring lead to a collapse of the city, what can we say about the Moscow Ring Road. But then paradise will come: understudies will partially replace the Fourth Ring Road and cover about 80% of the Moscow Ring Road. Traffic jams will resolve.
So how much?
The cost of reconstruction is not discussed, but the scale of the disaster can be estimated. According to the World Bank, it will cost hundreds of billion rubles. Ours call smaller amounts. In February, the Ministry of Regional Development approved new estimated standards. According to them, the construction of 1 km of a two-lane motorway of category IA with a base of rubble (MKAD belongs to it) costs 138 million rubles. Thus, the extension of 109 km of the Moscow Ring Road will cost only (!) 15.042 billion rubles. Naturally, this does not include compensation for land, connections to utilities and the cost of preparing the territory for development.
Obviously: Moscow alone cannot cope with such expenses. It is planned that federal authorities will also take part in this project. At least this is stated in the Development Program … The Moscow Region Government and the owners of objects located along the Moscow Ring Road will also participate in financing one of the largest construction projects in the capital.
MKAD - Moscow Ring Road, which initially passes completely (now mainly) along the administrative border of the city.
In 1940, the specialists of the Soyuzdorproekt Institute completed the design assignment for the Moscow Ring Road, but the war prevented it from starting. In July 1941, the State Defense Committee decided to build the road in just one month on a simplified project, which involved the construction of 30 km of new roads and the reconstruction of about 100 km of old. The road built in emergency mode was used as a rocky one - for the transfer of troops and equipment and contributed to the successful counterattack and defeat of the Nazis near Moscow.
In the 1950s and 1960s, the road was reconstructed; the first updated section, 48 km long from Yaroslavl to Simferopol highway, was opened for traffic on November 22, 1960. There were 7 bridges and 54 overpasses on the ring. There was no dividing fence, lighting and safe pedestrian crossings. The road had 33 two-level interchanges with highways leaving Moscow. The first three-level denouement appeared in the early 1980s. at the intersection with Simferopol highway. For a long time on the Moscow Ring Road there was no asphalt, concrete was used - Muscovites even called the ring concrete.
In the 1990s, it was reconstructed repeatedly, since annually more than two hundred people began to die on the Moscow Ring Road, more than a thousand were injured. MKAD was popularly called the "road of death." The road was significantly expanded, new interchanges were built, lighting was improved, and a separation barrier was created. Now throughout the MKAD there are no single-level intersections with other transport routes, traffic is carried out in five lanes in each direction. The carrying capacity (as of 2011) is 9 thousand cars per hour, the permitted speed is 100 km / h.
- Today, the Moscow Ring Road has exhausted itself for various reasons: it has been squeezed from all sides by new construction sites, housing, shopping centers and has become, in essence, an intra-city highway. Interchanges available on the MKAD do not correspond to current needs and traffic intensity. About 50 percent of the total flow to the MKAD is made up of trucks and wagons …
Sergey Sobyanin, mayor of Moscow