It seems that this was the first fine in the global history of motorism (the world network does not give earlier references). In 1907, a certain Brigitte Driscoll fell in the center of London under a car. The police found that the driver was to blame - the car “flew” at a speed of 6 miles per hour. What followed the punishment: according to the law then in force, this was considered a malicious violation of the speed limit.
A few paragraphs are not about fun - about the amounts of penalties: they will have to be mentioned. How to understand what is the "optimal amount"?
Sophisticated in matters of this kind, Sergey Kanaev, chairman of the Russian Federation of Car Owners of Russia, told ZR. RU that once the traffic police and lawmakers agreed on the criterion: hourly earnings of an average level employee. So much and you need to write out for traffic violations, not related to malicious. Say for speeding 20 km / h.
What is “optimal” for us? The average rate of the capital mid-level manager is, say, 50 thousand rubles. per month. At an o'clock it is:
50 000 rub. (bid): 24 (business days): 8 (hours a day) = approx. 260 rub / hour
It turns out that for exceeding speeds of 20 to 40 km / h, the amount of the fine established today is optimal (300 rubles)? This is for the Moscow manager. On the periphery, the senior administrator of the shopping center salary of 15 thousand - great happiness. In his understanding, a fine of 300 rubles. - dragon punishment.
For various reasons, the “middle managerial” criterion does not work; it is seriously ignored. Which leads to almost absurdity.
A working group under the State Duma on road safety issues recently proposed increasing the fine for the mentioned violation of the high-speed regime to 1000 rubles. But if you accelerate faster than 60 km / h above the norm, charge 50, 000 (the manager’s monthly salary). The question is, why not 300 or 400 thousand?
Chelyabinsk deputies were preparing a bill on a fine for parking on lawns: for an individual - 5 thousand rubles, for a legal (sit well?) -1 million
It’s clear that spoiling flower beds with wheels is wildness and lack of culture. But fighting savagery in a barbaric way is a medical case. Or they hide from us that the Chelyabinsk average earnings are the same as those of the owner of the Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant.
The suggestion is that the deputies were inspired by a precedent in Switzerland. The 37-year-old gentleman “walked” around the local freeway on his Mercedes SLS AMG at a speed of 289 km / h - this is almost three times the traffic regime allowed there. The daredevil was punished by 650, 000 euros, which is more than four times the cost of his chic sports car (140-175 thousand euros). And in addition, rights were taken away.
In justification, the scorcher began to babble: it’s guilty, they say, a faulty speedometer, but he himself did not seem to feel that he was flying at the takeoff speed of a fighter. The police pretended not to hear. To speedometer junk in such a car! Yes, the offender would completely ruin the lawsuit Mercedes for defamation. And if the second excuse had been recorded, the scorcher would have to be sent to a madhouse.
As for the amount of the fine so outrageous for us, then, according to Swiss laws, it is determined depending not only on the speed exceeded, but also on the income level of the offender. And he was not one of the poor.
And by the way, in Finland, the size of the fine is determined based on the amount of daily earnings, in Denmark - the monthly.
Australian police fined a $ 160 tram driver. On the section where 40 km / h is prescribed, the tram with passengers in the cabin accelerated to 57. The train driver was threatened that he would be taken away his license to operate the tram and, as a result, he would lose his job.
Routes of Russian autotourists often pass through Germany. If someone else does not know, restrictions on the minimum driving speed are set on the local autobahns, while the maximum is not introduced. And you can’t stop on these roads, even if gasoline has run out. (Which is not without logic: there are a lot of gas stations along the tracks, so I could track that there is dry land in the gas tank. It’s absolutely impossible to walk on highways, otherwise they will get a fine of 100 euros.
Another speeding ticket. Before issuing it, the American policeman was in shock. When I stopped an excessively accelerated car, I saw at the wheel … a chimpanzee. The owner was sitting next to him. From the conversation (of course, with the passenger), it became clear that he still helped to drive the vehicle - shifted gears. Recovering, the policeman did not divide the responsibility into two and completely laid it on a solvent crew member. It is for speeding, and not for transferring control to a person who does not have rights. To write about the monkey face "face" the hand did not rise.
Our people who have lived in Austria say that here they do not often impose fines for ignoring the requirements of “speedy” traffic rules, but they always deprive them of their rights. They will detect it for the first time - for two weeks, for the second - for six, each subsequent violation extends the walking lifestyle for three months. But if at least 5-10 km / h exceeded speed in the "zone of special attention" - near a school or a pedestrian crossing, then there is no mercy …
Not only here - in many countries drivers warn oncoming cars about police ambushes by headlights flashing. In Russian traffic rules there is a point with a fine for improper use of lighting devices. However, in practice, it is almost never used: it’s difficult for DPS officers to prove that you violated. Until. But reckoning will come - as in the UK.
The justice of the city of Grimsby for a seven-time flashing high beam (hidden video cameras recorded a “wink”) imposed a fine of 175 pounds on Michael Thompson, and also ordered to cover legal costs in the amount of 265 pounds (in total this is about $ 700). So bloody reckoning could not be.
At first, the policeman who stopped Sir Thompson was about to inspire him and release him in peace. But the intruder climbed into trouble: why, you see, they didn’t warn that hidden cameras were working! The officer listened, listened and yes, and referred the case to court.
And more about the headlights. Many people know that in the Scandinavian states it has been a long time since everyone was obliged to ride year-round and at any time of the day with running lights on (and if they are not provided for by the design of the car, then with dipped beam). Violators of the rules are not allowed. Let's say up to $ 100 is fined in Denmark.
A resident of California was fined for speeding … on roller skates - the radar recorded that it had accelerated to 27 km / h. Athlete challenged the decision. Her argument was considered undeniable: the design of the rollers does not provide for a speedometer. “How could I control the speed ?!”
An English businessman, Michael Mancini, was stuck in a London traffic jam on Aur High Street when his nose was drunk. The car was on neutral, fixed by the handbrake. Only Michael blew his nose savagely when he saw that the policeman gestured to park at the curb. A stunned driver was fined 60 pounds - "for incorrect driving."
Only later did the loser accidentally find out that he had managed to fall out of favor with the very famous Stuart Gray - the type who became famous as a bookworm and a quibbler.
Essen's resident Alexander Zimmerten was convicted of exceeding the allowed speed in his car. The police sent him a receipt for a fine, and with it a photo-proof. In response, the driver sent the paid receipt and attached a note: “I find the price set to be unreasonably high: the photo is of poor quality.”
Eric Bornstrom in the US state of Maryland was fined $ 80 for driving at a speed … lower than the maximum allowed, NBC television reported.
He was stopped by a patrol car, the policeman explained why: Bornstrom was driving at a speed of 58 mph in a section with a maximum permissible 65. The driver was discouraged: did he hear it right? After all, there are no digits with the minimum permissible speed on the road sign. The servant honored him with two words: "Everything is right."
Bornstrom considered the situation absurd, innocent and intends to appeal the fine in court. The television crew themselves turned to the Maryland Traffic Police for comments. They did not follow, even in a nutshell.
Limited in mobility, the English inventor Dennis Anderson motorized his wheelchair - he entered the motor from a lawn mower (8 hp) into it, after which the armchair got the ability to accelerate up to 30 km / h. And also equipped with a rear-view mirror, headlights, audio system.
Everything was fine until the fall of last year, when Dennis, after thorough gatherings in the pub, managed not to get a hold of the vehicle and drove into a parked car. He remained alive, escaped with a bruised leg. But the police who arrived for the analysis of the accident were meaner than fortune when they established the fact of an excessive share of alcohol in the driver’s blood. They didn’t spare: they soldered a fine of £ 1, 200, conditionally sentenced to six months, and in addition confiscated a car seat. He was put up for auction among other confiscated vehicles. Who will buy it?
Another incident from the UK. The owner of the car left the car as if in an absolutely authorized place, entered the store. When he returned, he found on the asphalt under the bottom of the road markings, stopping the prohibition. And under the janitor - a fine receipt.
The world is not without good people. The clerk from the office in the neighborhood was not too lazy to go out, told and showed that he had seen through the window and even removed it on a mobile phone. The road draftsman marked up, reaching out with a brush under the car. Following a strange coincidence, a parking guard appeared and wrote a fine.
The Dutchman stood at a red traffic light, and a green one lit up - in front of the car, a cat appeared, who had decided to cross the road. The driver was not in the animal defense league, but by nature he was a humanist, so he waited until the furry completed the procession. There were no other cars on the road, so the motorist didn’t block the way for anyone. Nevertheless, a delay in front of the stop line was recorded by cameras, and a notification of a fine of 75 euros was received from the traffic police: you must go to the green and not stand!
No less fundamental was demonstrated by the Australian traffic police. The inspector fined a driver who drove about 40 km on the freeway … in reverse, "much longer than permissible, thereby creating the risk of an accident."
“What a threat there! - the victim of the letter of the law was indignant. “I could have safely traveled another 90 km!” That is how much remained for the driver to his home. And he moved incorrectly, because the gearbox jammed, and only the reverse gear was stuck …
While this news came from the distant Green Continent, the amount of the fine from the message “lost.” But it is known how to punish for the same liberties in Greece - 700 euros. By the amount of the fine, this violation is equated to driving a red traffic signal. Reality forced the police to be strict: many people drove backwards on highways - after the desired exit from the highway missed.
Romanian traffic police fined the car owner on the grounds that “the driver’s face is demented and he looks like a big monkey.” Later, realizing the absurdity of his words, the esthetic policeman tried to pass off the act as a joke. The driver did not want to understand her and complained about the inspector to his superiors. The bosses didn’t laugh at the wording either, and they seriously demoted the traffic inspector in the rank of “for behavior defaming the law enforcement agencies” and sent a male beauty connoisseur to clerical work in a remote county so that he honed his words and thoughts in the quiet of the countryside.
The attention of the Toronto Road Patrol was attracted by a car that made ornate pretzels. “The driver is drunk,” the Canadian police guessed.
It turned out, no. When we were still catching a strange car, we saw that a citizen was driving … selflessly playing the violin. An older musician began to explain that he could not interrupt the rehearsal - he was going to a responsible concert. Inspectors did not appreciate the industriousness of talent - they wrote to the virtuoso a fine for dangerous driving.
Something went wrong on the license plates of cars registered in Cyprus: they were wrinkled, the paint dried and crumbled. Well, you never know - the tropics, humidity … However, the police did not believe in the insidious climate, or in the invasion of the "numbered" rodent bugs.
Found out: With the proliferation of video recording cameras, local people decided to make the signs unreadable. But if in Russia in a similar situation nets, overlays, varnishes, and similar high-tech products were used (it turned out to be of no use to them), then the Cypriots acted more simply - the signs were simply ruined by an improvised tool.
So the cops from the same test are simple. Introduced an article in the SDA: if the number is indistinguishable, even with scratches or bends, then consider it not. And for this a fine of $ 120.
There is a special ban on the island at a “price” of the same 120 bucks - for smoking in a car in the presence of children under 16 years of age.
- In the cities of the state of Washington, the use of cars without windshield wipers is prohibited. The text is compiled in such a way that it follows: there may not be glass itself, but wipers are without fail.
- In Kansas, pedestrians crossing the roadway at night are required to catch reflectors or flashing vests.
- In Texarkana at night it is forbidden to ride a horse that is not equipped with taillights.
- The Boston authorities have introduced a local rule: drivers are not punished for parking incorrectly, but a sense of compassion is instilled in them. The violator is obliged to buy toys for an amount equal to the amount of the penalty for violation. Toys are given to children from shelters and low-income families. (In one of the cities of Russia, they do about the same, but with great effect. What is the story below.)
- Indiana has a ban on selling cars on Sundays.
- According to the law of the State of New York, which has been preserved since ancient times, a driver who has arrived from other places with criminal plans is obliged to inform the chief of the city police of his arrival before entering the second capital of the USA. The law does not oblige the cops to disclose details of villainous intentions (unless it is bursting with someone to share), but they should inform you that you are here.
fines are different
Again, USA, Florida, the city of Gainesville. A BMW 330i stood on a street for 11 days in violation of parking rules. One by one the police approached the car, looked into the passenger compartment, but the tint prevented anything from being seen. They wrote out receipts for the payment of the fine and went on to serve further. There were seven pieces of paper under the wipers. And only the local who was passing by was wary: there were unnaturally many receipts, and an intolerable stink was breaking out of the cabin.
When the door was opened, a corpse fell out of the wheel. The driver died. Perhaps it was possible to try to save him, but the tinting applied more densely than laid out prevented him from considering that something was amiss with the master.
Payment after 21 years
Kenosha, Wisconsin police officers found a ticket and $ 6 attached to it in a letter box in 2008, Lenta.ru reported citing The Associated Press.
It seems nothing unusual, but the receipt for the wrong parking dated on January 20, 1987 and was issued to a certain resident of Dallas, Texas. The warning on the coupon stated: in case of non-payment of a fine of $ 3 within 120 hours from the date of issue of the coupon, the amount of the fine will be doubled. Apparently, by the appointed time, the passing southerner-violator did not manage to pay, but after 21 years (this is 183 960 hours) the police received a double amount.
Do you complain that the State Duma raises fines for us several times? The Czech authorities are even more determined: they intend to increase the fine by twenty times for chatter on a cell phone while driving - from 1 to 20 thousand crowns (800 euros). Moreover, if still for "talk" in the personal accounting cards violations made two penalty points, now they will record five. And who more than others chatting on a cell phone on the go?
The charm of lovely women is a terrible force! But not on the road - it was a North Wales resident. She was driving a car along one of the busiest highways, when a patrol, which was attached to the rear, noticed that the car was moving strangely. The men in uniforms were stunned when overtaking they saw that the lady was enthusiastically … painting eyelashes. Okay, I would have smeared my lips, but my eyes!
The lady was not bad by herself; she knew this very well and tried to coquettishly influence the hearts of the servants. But neither the heart nor the hand of one of the inspectors trembled - he wrote a fine of 200 pounds. However, the souls of the police still went limp - the beauty, if strictly, should be deprived of rights. They didn’t, just convincingly recommended that they do not take out the cosmetic bag while driving.
The story did not find a romantic continuation, as happens in Hollywood films: the policeman and the girl did not look for meetings with each other. Which is not strange after a 200-pound fine.
And again about the ladies, but this time only in the title: remember the Oscar-winning film “The Smell of a Woman”? In one of the episodes, the hero Al Pacino, a retired blind colonel, drove a sports car, and told him where to go, a young assistant …
The plot came off the screen in life. In Estonian Tartu, police noticed a wagging car. Have stopped. At first they thought that the driver was very drunk - a 20-year-old man several times in a row missed his mouth past the breathalyzer tube. Then they realized: yes, he is blind! It turned out that the young man was driving a car, focusing on the instructions of a 16-year-old comrade sitting next to him.
Decided to repeat the "heroism" of the movie hero? But how could a blind man watch a movie ?!
It’s profitable not to be lazy
In Germany, those who leave the old car to rot in the parking lot, on the side of the road, and even at the site near their own home, will be fined mercilessly - up to 50 thousand euros.
And this is fair. According to the law of Germany, adopted back in 2007, used cars must be recycled through collection points for auto trash. Moreover, recently, the federal authorities have obliged car manufacturers to take the car for free from the last owner for recycling. The process is overseen by the national GESA car recycling agency.
The system is impeccable, incentives are such that even an inveterate idler will take advantage of it: it’s profitable to save 50 thousand for a fine so that you can buy a very good new car with this money.
Thailand has always tropical heat, but leave the thought of undressing topless - you will pay a couple of hundred baht (about $ 10).
Either the lack of air conditioning in the cabin, or another reason forced the Chinese woman to ride in the trunk. The husband-driver was injured, carrying a precious body in an abnormal, but ventilated place. But some taxi driver, seeing a hand sticking out of the trunk, decided that the villain was driving a corpse at the wheel - and darted to the guards. Those "took measures to detention."
Punishment in the PRC will follow even if you transport animals in the trunk (in the country they are treated almost as reverently as they are to wives). A Chinese friend was fined for transporting a monkey in the wrong place. It’s hard to argue with the position of the police: it’s not enough that it’s just a distant ancestor - a human place!
Theft of property from car interiors began to take on disastrous proportions in Australia. Local police believe that the victims themselves are to a large extent guilty of this - they don’t lock the car. And they introduced a fine for them. The amount, in terms of European currency, is substantial - more than 200 euros. What should be taken into account by Russian tourists renting cars here.
However, they do not suffer from carelessness. Another thing, the Swiss. These often do not even deign to press the lock button on the key. Weaned - in their country, all citizens are respectable. It’s even hard to imagine, but in Switzerland, the service associated with the installation of additional security systems is absent as a phenomenon.
A few more Australian features. Melbourne is the only city in the world in which there are 22 km of private, which means toll roads. Do not take an example from local, non-stop passing entry terminals - they have already paid for everything. They use a system similar to a mobile telephony payment system. The subscriber-motorist receives an electronic device, the signal of which is detected by the detectors when driving on roads. The remaining motorists are required to deposit the cashier to the cashier-controller. A single trip on a toll road costs 1.5 Australian dollars ($ 1AU = $ 0.7 US; then in the chapter all amounts are in Australian currency). Directions "hare" will not work. A free rider takes pictures of the camera, electronics will calculate it. Fine - up to 77 dollars.
To control the speed, of course, radars are used, posters warn of approaching them per kilometer.
fines are different
Local traffic cops can patrol roads - attention! - on machines without service symbols. The equipment allows you to measure the speed of both passing and oncoming vehicles. The intruder should not even try to hide: police cars are fast, with 3-liter engines, police driving skills are at the sports level.
Road patrols are often checked for intoxication. The permissible norm is 0.02-0.05 g per 100 ml of blood, depending on the category of driver’s license. For excess of 0.15 ppm or more - a fine of up to $ 3300, withdrawal of rights, a ban on driving for a year or more, a sentence of imprisonment of up to 18 months is possible. If you come across the same thing again, a fine of $ 5500, imprisonment for two years, rights will be taken away (in all cases - right there) for two years or more.
The staff are always polite and friendly. But you need to know: if you are stopped, stay behind the wheel. When you come out, keep your hands in sight and in no case in your pockets. Local police are not only always armed, but also endowed with the right to fire to kill without a warning shot. You never mind what they seem!
If you decide to argue or try to prove your case, they have the right to double the fine. On weekends and holidays, penalties also double.
But back to our land, sinful violations of car owners. And on the true path they put the traffic police. The Siberian ones are harder than others.
Perm traffic cops seem to be fighting for the title of the most principled and incorruptible, writes Komsomolskaya Pravda. On their account, issued (and paid) fines for two governors!
Governor Oleg Chirkunov
First, they imposed an administrative penalty on the native head of the Perm Territory Oleg Chirkunov - he received a receipt for 300 rubles for speeding.
Governor Nikita Belykh
After a couple of weeks, the governor of the Kirov region, Nikita Belykh, paid for the violation (more precisely, paid - he gave 500 rubles).
- Punished for an unfastened belt. Perm - rip-off of governors! He wrote on Twitter.
Strengthening the principle of traffic cops with respect to high-ranking "customers". The head of Rosavtodor, Anatoly Chabunin, told the ZR. RU correspondent that he once caught speeding. Now, in a purse with documents for his own car, he carries a receipt of a paid fine.
The Novosibirsk State Traffic Safety Inspectorate corrects drivers not so much by skating as by washing the inside of the skull - at lectures on traffic rules. Starting from February of this year, more often instead of fines, he writes out directions for courses for violators. And it is not known what is more powerful and what is easier to survive - to pay a certain amount (and soon forget about it, as a little nuisance) or to withstand (in the wording of many - lose) a few hours to hear what most know, but do not observe.
On April 17, an unprecedented action took place in Krasnoyarsk. On the city roads, along with traffic police inspectors, children were on duty - local schoolchildren came up with an action. Traffic police officers stopped drivers who neglected seat belts, but instead of a fine of 500 rubles, they suggested sending ten SMS messages to car owners' friends reminding them to fasten their seat belts. The text of instructive exhortations was also made by children.
The calculation is this: a dozen SMS costs much cheaper than a standard fine, but they work much more efficiently: the inspector recalls the need to comply with the traffic rules not just one person, but eleven at once.
Donetsk is a typical city with a million population, and its statistics on traffic violations are also probably typical. So, according to the press service of the regional traffic police, traffic inspectors write out an average of 2, 000 fines every day. Most often, for violations of the rules for moving intersections - 600, for speeding - 500, about 100 for driving while intoxicated. And so every day.