Anonim

The State Duma refused to accept the rule to establish winter tires with the onset of cold weather (the proposal was considered at the beginning of this year). The reason is that in the southern regions of the country such a law cannot be called necessary.

But drivers with practice know that summer tires are “dubbing”, sharply losing their grip, and it becomes dangerous to ride it even at near-zero temperature, more precisely at +7 degrees. And it’s so cool in almost all regions. Winter wheels are kept on cold asphalt and on slippery surfaces. Even with crackling frosts, they retain elasticity, and even row in the snow, because the depth of their tread pattern is not less than 3 mm.

Have the deputies got excited? The question arises because we look back at the example of many countries with comparable climates. But more about that below.

Change? With no doubt!

With summer wheels in the cold season, it is unreasonable to hope for “maybe” - it will not carry. On an icy road, the braking distance is at least 8 times longer than on a dry one. Even if your car with a 4x4 drive, but on summer tires, do not expect good traction from the blade. Moreover, on slippery surfaces, an all-wheel drive car will behave less predictably than a four-wheel drive. And don’t listen to the know-it-alls who assure that it is enough to install winter tires only on driving wheels: drifts, drifts and “pirouettes” cannot be avoided.

Choose tires depending on which roads you drive primarily. Friction (they are also called "Velcro") are most suitable for driving on rolled snow and snow, studded - if in your area on the roads most often there is an ice crust ("on spikes" the braking distance is shortened from 20 to 50%). “Driving” I tested winter tires many times.

The purchase of an additional set of wheels for the cold half year is not considered a waste. Firstly, they cost about the same as summer wheels. And it is clear that while some "work" (winter tires serve 3-4 season), others are not spent. And secondly, about spending: with tenacious tires, you are much more immune to the cost of repairing a rumpled body. And, perhaps, the main thing is that you increase your own safety and the safety of others.

Winter tires

Image The image of a snow star on the sidewall means that this tire is designed for use in harsh winter conditions - by the composition of the material from which it is made and the tread pattern. Wheels for winter driving can also mean otherwise, depending on the predominant condition of the roads on which you ride such tires. The letters on the sides of the "M + S" are decrypted Mad + Snow, that is, dirt and snow. You can see the inscription Winter - winter. These are the most common markings on winter tires. If you want to know more about them, look in the directories for motorists. The image of a snow star on the sidewall means that this tire is designed for use in harsh winter conditions - by the composition of the material from which it is made and the tread pattern. Wheels for winter driving can also mean otherwise, depending on the predominant condition of the roads on which you ride such tires. The letters on the sides of the "M + S" are decrypted Mad + Snow, that is, dirt and snow. You can see the inscription Winter - winter. These are the most common markings on winter tires. If you want to know more about them, look in the directories for motorists.

Even in warm places

Let us turn to the European experience of “tire” rules (which, however, can change).

  • Germany

The fifth year in this country there is a ban on the use of summer tires from December 1 to April 1. Penalty for violation - 20 euros. When the police spotted that due to a slip of the car on the “off-season” rubber, a congestion had formed on the highway, twice as much would be sought from the offender. And in case of damage to the car, the insurance company has the right to reduce the amount of payments or even refuse it in full.

  • Finland

The same prohibition is introduced here. Its time frame can be changed, depending on weather conditions.

  • Lithuania

The ban is valid from November 10 to April 1.

  • Latvia

"Curfew" - from December 1 to February 29. In the Latvian law there is no wording “winter tires”, however, it is said that the tread depth cannot be less than 3 mm. But the essence is the same.

  • Norway

In this corner of Scandinavia there is no total requirement "to wear only according to the season", however, drivers are obliged to install tires with a tread depth of the same 3 mm or more, in accordance with the condition of the coating. The police were given the right to decide on the causes of the accident not according to universal criteria, but by assessing the degree of fault of the driver in each case. Which, of course, affects the amount of insurance payments.

  • Slovenia

In the country, it is forbidden to ride summer tires from November 15 to March 15, however, it is allowed to install winter tires only on driving wheels. But one must understand that the climate in the country is softer than in the northern states. And it should be noted: car tourists from other countries do not make indulgences.

  • Austria

In the state, partly located in the Alps, an obligation is established to travel only on winter tires on certain (there is a list) roads.

  • France

Here, such an unchanged list of roads is not approved: it is accepted and made public, depending on snow and temperature in the regions.

  • Turkey

A variant of a “shimmering”, but hard commitment exists even in this hot, in our opinion, land. The meaning is this: the car owner must be prepared to put the car in winter tires in case of bad weather.

Are you ready for winter?

How did you prepare your car for the winter? Vote on the main page of the site! Already have the first results of the survey.

Also read the materials on the site:

  • 16 inch winter tire test (ЗР, 2010)
  • 14 inch winter tire test (ZR, 2009)
  • Ready for the winter! Test of 50 sets of winter tires (ЗР, 2008)
  • If tomorrow is winter (ZR, 2007)
  • Non -freezing liquids test (GZR, 2009)
  • Non-freezing liquids test (ЗР, 2009).