Anonim
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At the beginning of the year, the Nokian Tires company announced: it created a new model of a winter studless tire for SUV cars. Now we can compare the new product with competitors. She only has to “fight” with “veterans”, and the year of handicap here can be a significant advantage. Therefore, Nokian stands out of competition, and its performance is a guideline for competitors. Negotiations with Nokian were not conducted for long, the company offered its landfills and even the carrier - Porsche Cayenne S 4.2. And all that was left for us was to collect the other participants of the “battle” of dimension 255 / 55R18.

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We conducted tests in two series at two Finnish training grounds. In Ivalo in March there were "white" races on snow and ice. Lake ice, and not artificial, as usual, but instead of rearranging on packed snow, the exercise “climbing a mountain road” was included in the assessment of handling on snowy roads. Part of the snow tests was carried out with the PSM (electronic heading stabilization system) disabled - on ice, the electronics did not significantly affect the results. A month later, in April, at the test site near the town of Nokia were "black" tests. All asphalt tests were carried out here and such an interesting and new exercise for us as testing the tire's ability to resist slash planning (floating on wet snow porridge; do not confuse with aquaplaning - there the tire floats on water!).

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When summing up the results, we recall that the share of measurements and expert estimates, as in all tests, starting from the middle of this year, is 75 and 25%, respectively.

Novelty "Nokian" was very strong in any conditions - from snow and ice to asphalt of any state.

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And thereby raised the bar high for everyone else.

Long-standing competitors took the podium: Michelin with the Latitude X-Ice model scored 872.3 points (price / quality ratio - 9.86), Continental with the CrossContactViking tire - it has 867.6 points and second place. On the third, quite a bit behind “Conti”, “Pirelli-Scorpion” is located - far from new, but, as it turned out, very strong on the “black” tracks and generally very decent. The fourth place, slightly inferior to the Pirelli, was taken by the Blizak DM-Z3, which is also not a novelty. Its elements are snowy and icy roads. It is a pity that the tire almost lost the slash-planing test.

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High-speed (permissible speed of 210 km / h, like the Pirelli) Kumho I'ZEN RV ranks fifth. As usual, “Kumkho” asks for a modest price, and therefore deserves the title of the best bargain (price / quality - 6.94). And closes the parade "Freestein Wintrac 4 Xtreme", even faster (maximum speed - 240 km / h) and therefore more "asphalt" tire. Although in terms of price / quality ratio, it is on par with Nokian and Michelin.

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6th place

VREDESTEIN WINTRAC 4 XTREME

Place of manufacture Holland

Maximum speed V / 240 km / h

Directional tread pattern

Tread Depth 9.9 mm

Shore hardness 63–66 units.

Tire weight 15.1 kg

The average price is 7, 600 rubles.

Value for Money 9.50

Wintrac 4 Xtreme - the first high-speed winter tires for off-road vehicles, developed with the participation of the design studio "Giugiaro". The striking design and flowing lines give this W-shaped tire a powerful, impressive look. The model combines the most important characteristics of both road and off-road tires. For example, the tread has the property of self-cleaning, due to which excellent handling is achieved on snowy and dirt roads.

On ice, the corner entry speed is limited by the drift of the front axle, and it is very tight. The moments of transition to sliding and restoration of grip are difficult to determine, a sliding car does not respond to the steering wheel. On the arc of rotation skid is possible. In general, the behavior is unstable. The same problems in the snow. It runs smoothly along a snowy road, but reacts sluggishly to taxiing.

The ability to resist slash planning in a bend is average. In deep snow, the car rises as soon as the suspension elements touch the snow. He doesn’t want to turn, but drives back. On an asphalt straight tire, there is a clear reaction and the desire to leave the road at the slightest lateral slope. In motion they make a hissing-whistling sound, increasing with speed. Very tough, as if heavily pumped, shake the car on any irregularities.

+ The best brakes on dry asphalt and good on wet, good directional stability on asphalt.

- Weak brakes on snow and ice, weak lateral grip and acceleration on ice, poor handling on snow and ice, low level of comfort, poor cross-country ability.

799.8 points

Recommended for roads cleared of snow and ice. It is permissible to drive at very high speeds on clean, dry and wet asphalt.

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5th place

KUMHO KC-15 I'ZEN RV ASYMMETRIC

Place of manufacture Korea

Maximum speed N / 210 km / h

Asymmetric tread pattern

Tread Depth 10 mm

Shore hardness 60–62 units.

Tire weight 17.0 kg

The average price is 5900 rubles.

Value for Money 6.94

Kumho KC-15 I'ZEN RV - winter tires for off-road vehicles, have excellent traction and braking characteristics due to the large number of tread blocks. It is made of a mixture of polymers having all the properties necessary on a snowy and icy road; the finely dispersed quartz that is part of the tire improves adhesion to a wet surface, tire wear resistance, fuel economy, the adsorption layer improves vibration absorption, makes driving more comfortable and reduces noise.

Tires are periodically found on ice for catching on, forcing the car to scour. The moment of transition to sliding is not entirely clear. On the arc of rotation a prolonged skid is possible. In the snow, the car prowls even harder. The behavior in the limiting modes is unstable: the speed at the entrance to the turn is limited by drift, and on the arc by severe drift. You can only drive the car with advanced actions. It goes smoothly on the snowy line, but the steering angles needed to adjust the course are greater than we would like.

In deep snow, the car moves uncertainly. Turns better than going straight. Ability to keep the road in a turn on a snow porridge above average. On the asphalt, the tires carry the Porsche smoothly, clearly responding to taxiing.

They make a noise of varying tonality depending on the coverage. There are no comments on the smooth running.

+ Good brakes on dry asphalt, directional stability on asphalt, smoothness.

- Weak lateral grip on ice, difficult handling on snow and ice, deterioration in grip on snow when the electronics are turned off.

850.4 points

Recommended for roads partially covered with snow and ice. It is permissible to drive at high speed on clean asphalt - both dry and wet.

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4th place

BRIDGESTONE BLIZZAK DM-Z3

Place of manufacture Japan

Maximum speed Q / 160 km / h

Directional tread pattern

Tread pattern depth 10.1–10.2 mm

Shore hardness 46–47 units.

Tire weight 16.0 kg

The average price of 7300 rubles.

Value for Money 8.52

Bridgestone’s Blizzak DM-Z3 tires feature Bridgestone’s special pride, the latest generation of Tube Multicell Compound porous compound that provides reliable grip on the winter road, replacing spikes. Riblet - longitudinal grooves that remove water film from the surface of the ice and improve traction on the ice in the initial stage of operation. The increased cross-country ability is achieved thanks to the special design blocks that optimally distribute the pressure in the contact patch.

Tires on ice help to find mutual understanding with the road - the beginning of sliding and the restoration of traction are felt distinctly. The car is well-controlled in slides, it allows to reduce the turning radius. The reactions in the snow are good, the behavior is clear, the speed in fast bends is limited by a slight drift. The car is carried straight on a snowy straight tire, but you need to turn the steering wheel a large angle to steer. In deep snow, the car starts off without any problems, is well on the move, although there is a feeling that the tires are raking in front of the snow rollers and the car is about to stop. In a turn on a snow porridge they lose the road before the rest. On the asphalt straight “Porsche” floats, when adjusting the course, you need to turn the steering wheel at large angles, a noticeably unpleasant yaw of the rear axle.

The tires rustle quite loudly at low speed, but with its growth the noise decreases. True, amplified in the corners. Rigidly convey large irregularities to the body, small ones conceal well.

+ Good brakes and handling on snow and ice, good acceleration on snow and ice, lateral grip on ice, maneuverability.

- The weakest resistance to slash planning, low level of comfort, weak brakes on asphalt, poor directional stability on asphalt.

857.3 points

Recommended for all winter roads with speed limits on wet surfaces.

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3rd place

PIRELLI SCORPION ICE & SNOW

Place of manufacture United Kingdom

Maximum speed N / 210 km / h

Tread pattern symmetrical

Tread depth 10–10.1 mm

Shore hardness is 64–66 units.

Tire weight 16.3 kg

The average price is 7200 rubles.

Value for Money 8.32

When designing Scorpion Ice & Snow tires, Pirelli specialists took into account all-terrain vehicle features such as a high center of gravity and large mass.

The tires used AST technology (Adaptive Compound Technology). The ductility of the mixture varies with tire temperature. Thanks to the interaction of three polymers of various types of tires, they guarantee excellent performance in the temperature range from –40 to +7 o C.

The behavior on ice is somewhat worse than that of Blizzak: slip disruptions and recovery are less clear, the grip is slightly lower. In the snow, the Porsche lazily reacts to the steering wheel, forcing the driver to turn it at large angles. To get to the desired radius, you have to either wait for the demolition to stop, or turn the steering wheel more. The latter leads to a sharp skid, which only an experienced driver can handle. In deep snow they prefer to start without intense slipping. But the "move" is better in any mode until the slipping, turn well.

On a snow porridge they hold a turn better than others. On the asphalt go almost exactly summer. The rolling noise is clearly audible, the tires voice the change in coverage by changing the tonality. Medium and small irregularities pass trembling. The protrusions on the road are transmitted rigidly to the body, the pits are not noticed.

+ The best brakes on wet asphalt, good on dry, better slash resistance, good cross-country ability, excellent directional stability on asphalt.

- Weak brakes, lateral grip and acceleration on ice, weak acceleration in the snow, comments on the level of comfort and directional stability on a snowy road.

865.2 points

Recommended for roads partially covered with snow and ice. Allowed to move at high speed on dry and wet asphalt.

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2nd place

CONTINENTAL CrossContactViking

Place of manufacture Germany

Maximum speed Q / 160 km / h

Asymmetric tread pattern

Tread Depth 9.9 mm

Shore hardness 56–58 units.

Tire weight 15.9 kg

The average price is 9100 rubles.

Value for Money 10.49

Continental CrossContactViking - the new winter season 2007/2008. Tires demonstrate excellent traction and braking performance on snow and ice, excellent handling and a high level of safety in slush conditions. Key features: high comfort, low noise.

On the ice, the beginning of sliding is not very well felt. In addition, the car slides longer than we would like, while its behavior is difficult to predict. After slipping, the grip recovers abruptly, as if tires bite into the ice.

In the snow, I did not like the delayed reaction to the actions of the steering wheel, which has to be turned to significant angles. On the arc of rotation, speed is limited by small breakdowns in drift or drift. The behavior of the machine is ambiguous, the slip is tightened. On a snowy straight tire, they scour slightly, but they respond clearly to taxiing.

They overcome the deep snow uncertainly, while slipping they try to dig in, they turn reluctantly. In a turn on snow porridge they hold on to the road average. They walk along the asphalt quite smoothly, but deviate on rough roads.

They make a booming noise, amplified when cornering. Excessively vibrated - with your shoulders through the back of the seat you feel vibrations from the road, amplifying in corners.

+ Good brakes on snow and ice.

- Weak acceleration in the snow, increased noise level.

867.6 points

Recommended for any winter roads.

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1st place

MICHELIN LATITUDE X-ICE

Place of manufacture Japan

Maximum speed Q / 160 km / h

Directional tread pattern

Tread Depth 10 mm

Shore hardness 56–57 units.

Tire weight 18.1 kg

The average price is 8600 rubles.

Value for Money 9.86

Michelin Latitude X-Ice tires achieve excellent traction on a winter road in difficult Russian conditions; demonstrate the optimal combination of comfort and safety when driving on ice. Tires are distinguished by a greater number of catching edges, reducing the braking distance on snow and ice. Rubber remains elastic even at very low temperatures (below -20 ° C) and simply sticks to ice.

The behavior on ice is clear and predictable. The lateral grip is high: the tires creak, but they keep the trajectory. The machine is well controlled in slides, smoothly restored. In the snow, the reaction to turning the steering wheel is somewhat delayed, the steering angles are a bit too big. On the arc, speed is limited by a small drift to help register a turn. They walk smoothly on the snowy line, react to course corrections and changes without noticeable delays.

Snowdrifts overcome without tension, start off, not expressing preferences for interference or slipping, willingly turn. It’s better not to rush along the snow porridge, the ability to withstand slash planning in a corner leaves much to be desired.

On asphalt go with small lateral displacements of the rear axle. They make noise on the asphalt, changing the tonality depending on the quality of the coating, voicing any irregularities and seams with slaps.

+ Very good acceleration in the snow, good brakes in the snow, handling on snow and ice, maneuverability.

- Weak brakes on dry and wet asphalt, low resistance to slash-plening.

872.3 points

Recommended for any winter roads.

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NOKIAN HKPL R SPORT UTILITY

Place of manufacture Finland

Maximum speed R / 170 km / h

Directional tread pattern

Tread Depth 10 mm

Shore hardness 52–54 units

Tire weight 14.8 kg

The average price is 8900 rubles.

Value for Money 9.41

The Nokian Hakkapeliitta R SUV is a true winter tire for northern conditions. A completely new rubber compound was used in which natural rubber was supplemented with a combination of silica and rapeseed oil. This rubber compound improves grip on icy and snowy roads, and also enhances the tensile strength of the tire. The novelty behaves beautifully on snow and on a clean road, shows excellent grip on icy and wet surfaces.

Tires allow you to drive very fast on ice, while being clear and reliable. The cornering behavior is similar to the Michelin, but Finnish tires are even more tenacious and predictable. Michelin creak louder on the ice circle, hold better. In the snow, the behavior of the car is very clear. On a snow-covered straight line, the Porsche is slightly prowling, but it responds very well, in a summer way, to steering adjustment.

In deep snow, they turn the SUV into a tractor that moves confidently, is not afraid of slipping, and easily maneuvers. On snow porridge the car goes through turns quite reliably. On an asphalt straight line, it’s akin to the Michelin - a noticeably easy steering with the rear axle. They make little noise, the rear axle is more audible, with gain in rotation. A little shake in the pits.

+ The best brakes on snow and ice, excellent handling on snow and ice, directional stability on a snowy road and patency, high lateral grip on ice, good resistance to slashing.

- Small notes on directional stability on asphalt.

946.1 points

Highly recommended for any winter roads.

Together with the tire author, Andrei Obrazumov, Valery Pavlov and Vadim Korablev tested.

The editors thank the companies that provided tires for the test. Special thanks to Nokian Tires for their technical support. Image

Slash Planning

Slash is a wet snow porridge that is often found on Russian roads. To assess how certain tires behave on it, determine the speed at which the wheels begin to lose contact with the road. For all-wheel drive, this is done in a bend. Technique is involved in preparing the coating. Its task is to mix snow and water to a homogeneous mass and distribute it with an even layer of 35 mm thickness.

Arrivals begin at a speed of 40 km / h, which is increased in increments of 5 km / h, as with transverse aquaplaning. At 55 km / h the car on any tires no longer keeps in a bend. During the test, the speed and lateral acceleration are recorded.

From the side you can see how well the tires resist floating on the snow porridge. If only sparse splashes of wet snow fly out from under the wheels, this is a clear sign that the slash has remained under the wheels and the car is about to pop up on it. But the huge fountains mean that the grip has not yet been lost.

COMMENT

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ERIC FEDI, Michelin CEO in Russia and the CIS:

“For Michelin, a company manufacturing high-tech products and focusing on safety and durability, the Russian market is very important, interesting and promising. The growth demand for tires, as well as the fleet of cars, is very high. So, our sales of 4x4 tires here exceeded their sales on the German market, the largest in Europe.

Michelin tires regularly participate in “Driving” comparative tests, and we are attentive to the results of these tests, because this is one of the most objective evaluations of tire innovations that really helps the consumer to navigate their diversity. ”

Nokian Tires test sites