Category: Automakers

A Lesson In Good Manners

2023

Video: A Lesson In Good Manners

Video: A Lesson In Good Manners
Video: Good Manners: What to Say and Do (Polite English) 2023, April
A Lesson In Good Manners
A Lesson In Good Manners
Anonim
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Thinking to instill good manners in Kalina, we did not even imagine what difficulties we would encounter. VAZ has been releasing one of the most advanced models for the third year, and many original parts are still in short supply on the shelves and in online stores. Neither Russian nor foreign manufacturers are particularly eager to “improve” the car.

Комплект амортизаторов от питерской фирмы «Плаза» обойдется в 5-6 тыс. руб
Комплект амортизаторов от питерской фирмы «Плаза» обойдется в 5-6 тыс. руб

A set of shock absorbers from the St. Petersburg company "Plaza" will cost 5-6 thousand rubles. A set of shock absorbers from the St. Petersburg company "Plaza" will cost 5-6 thousand rubles.

But we still gathered with the world a thread, or rather, a piece of hardware. Damping elements of the St. Petersburg Plaza and the Samara enterprise System of Technologies were added to SAAZ standard shock absorbers. By the way, in addition to the latter, menacingly referred to as SS20, received the original upper support struts, increasing the angle of longitudinal inclination (caster). The company they made stretching the front struts. Kaluga company "Autoelectronics" proposed an electric power steering, which will be installed on conveyor cars.

Амортизаторы SS20 вот-вот появятся в продаже - ориентировочные цены для «Калины» 6, 5-7, 5 тыс. руб. Комплект со стойками в сборе с передними пружинами и верхними опорами, изменяющими кастер, будет дороже примерно на 2, 5-3 тыс. руб
Амортизаторы SS20 вот-вот появятся в продаже - ориентировочные цены для «Калины» 6, 5-7, 5 тыс. руб. Комплект со стойками в сборе с передними пружинами и верхними опорами, изменяющими кастер, будет дороже примерно на 2, 5-3 тыс. руб

SS20 shock absorbers are about to appear on sale - indicative prices for Kalina are 6.5-7.5 thousand rubles. A set with racks assembly with front springs and upper supports changing the caster will be more expensive by about 2.5–3 thousand rubles. SS20 shock absorbers are about to appear on sale - indicative prices for Kalina are 6.5-7.5 thousand rubles. A set with racks assembly with front springs and upper supports changing the caster will be more expensive by about 2.5–3 thousand rubles.

We also decided to play with tires - to check how “Kalina” behaves in shoes of different dimensions. For maximum correctness we took 13-, 14- and 15-inch standard sizes of one model - domestic Amtel Planet-301. Let's start with them!

Они одинаковые не только по модели, но и по рисунку протектора. Но как меняет поведение «Калины» каждый дюйм
Они одинаковые не только по модели, но и по рисунку протектора. Но как меняет поведение «Калины» каждый дюйм

They are the same not only in model, but also in tread pattern. But how it changes the behavior of Kalina every inch! They are the same not only in model, but also in tread pattern. But how it changes the behavior of Kalina every inch!

NOT IN INCHES OF HAPPINESS

175 / 70R13. The budget of these tires is felt immediately. Apparently, the guide for the developers was far from the most modern cars, whether ours or foreign ones. "Viburnum" on such tires behaves languidly and dullly. Easy, but completely "empty" steering wheel, thoughtful reactions in the corners and an open desire at the first opportunity to fall out the front axle outward bend. In the slip, the car is very reluctant to react to the steering wheel turn and gas discharge.

Measurements on the dynamometer road revealed stable, but completely uninformative brakes. But on 13-inch tires, the car rolls softly and far. As a result, the lowest fuel consumption.

Три типоразмера - 13, 14 и 15 дюймов. Согласитесь, если оценивать глазами, выбор очевиден
Три типоразмера - 13, 14 и 15 дюймов. Согласитесь, если оценивать глазами, выбор очевиден

Three sizes - 13, 14 and 15 inches. Agree, if you evaluate with your eyes, the choice is obvious. Three sizes - 13, 14 and 15 inches. Agree, if you evaluate with your eyes, the choice is obvious.

175 / 65R14. By the way the upholstery rattled by the life creaked, we feel - the car has become tougher. Although a slightly larger vibration load is a relatively small fee for the acquired integrity of reactions and unexpected activity during maneuvers, which Kalina is not famous for. Even the power steering, as if catching on, tried to load the steering wheel with at least some feedback. Of course, the reactions are far from perfect - in a fast turn and in a “rearrangement” the driver is still hindered by large body rolls and delays, but the car drives more reliably, more clearly.

На трех комплектах амортизаторов «Калина» не только показала разную скорость на «переставке», но в зависимости от марки демфирующих элементов выделывала самые разнообразные «па»
На трех комплектах амортизаторов «Калина» не только показала разную скорость на «переставке», но в зависимости от марки демфирующих элементов выделывала самые разнообразные «па»

On three sets of shock absorbers, Kalina not only showed different speeds at the “rearrangement”, but, depending on the brand of damping elements, it produced the most diverse “pa”. On three sets of shock absorbers, Kalina not only showed different speeds at the “rearrangement”, but, depending on the brand of damping elements, it produced the most diverse “pa”.

However, the braking distance has not changed, although the 14-inch tires break into the block more sharply. But a more distinct force on the pedals allows you to more accurately control the deceleration. Quite unexpectedly, Kalina’s ability to roll freely deteriorated - in other words, run out, which affected fuel consumption, albeit slightly. Therefore, it makes sense to think: is it worth sacrificing an extra portion of gasoline for the best behavior on the road.

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185 / 55R15. These tires added Kalina attractiveness not only externally, but also in road behavior. She became sensitive, impulsive, obedient. The power steering also worked normally - in a sharp turn, you no longer have to guess at what angle the wheels are turned. But most importantly, Kalina almost impeccably tracked the given trajectory, which, of course, affected the “rearrangement”. Alas, there are no free cakes: every car felt every car on the road, every pebble - in general, thoroughly shook the soul.

Экспертную оценку подкрепляли объективные данные, полученные на динамометрической и специальных дорогах
Экспертную оценку подкрепляли объективные данные, полученные на динамометрической и специальных дорогах

Expert assessment was supported by objective data obtained on dynamometric and special roads. Expert assessment was supported by objective data obtained on dynamometric and special roads.

However, this is not so bad - in addition, it became harder to slow down, as the car began to scour from side to side. Moreover, there was a feeling that the coupling properties of tires exceed the capabilities of standard brakes. The effort on the pedals increased, jerks appeared with intensive deceleration. Perhaps that is why the plant does not recommend changing shoes in tires of this standard size. Admirers of large wheels and low-profile tires are perhaps even more upset that the car has lost several kilometers of maximum speed. Not to mention the fact that elasticity at high speeds has become worse, appetite has grown.

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Preliminary result: Kalina prefers tires recommended by the manufacturer, 13- and 14-inch ones. Moreover, the latter is the best option in terms of comfort, economy, stability and controllability.

STROKE BY SHOCK ABSORBER

SAAZ. Before the test, a set of new damping elements of the Skopinsky auto-aggregate plant was installed on the machine, with which new “viburnum” is now being completed. As you can see from the settings, the developers tried to improve the amorphous controllability of the Kalina, which responds with laziness even to rather sharp steering movements. With an increase in speed, the Kalina activates and looks quite vigorously at the rearrangement and in the corners. But here there is not enough speed and steering accuracy. Although we must pay tribute to the car - it behaves quite logical and expected.

Not everything is so simple with a smooth ride. If the front suspension does a good job of duty, except that it rigidly and noisily tracks small bumps, then the rear shows excessive independence. She clearly reacts more rudely to pits and potholes, carefully transferring them to the body. As a result, Kalina feels too stiff. Although the stock of energy in the suspension and so even in abundance.

SAAZ shock absorbers work stably, but they lack a balanced performance. It is not clear why the damping elements of the rear axle should be made so elastic. If in this way they tried to improve handling, then why did they increase the vertical stiffness?

"Plaza." The front suspension has become softer and more comfortable. But on gentle waves appeared imposing swing of the body, increased banks. Before turning, the car falls in the opposite direction from the bend and only then reacts to the steering wheel. At the same time, the rear shock absorbers, on the contrary, are trying to demonstrate a tough, "plazovsky" character, collecting all the little things from the road. It turns out that the axes "go" as if separately from each other, and this is great for driving. There is no comfort either - on the unevenness of the riders it still prettyly shakes.

And this is not the most annoying. In some situations, Kalina became insidious: after all, “in unison” with increased body rolls, the stiffer rear shock absorbers more actively earned. In fast corners, a tendency to skid appeared. It arises unexpectedly and develops very sharply, requiring a remarkable reaction and skill from the driver in order to return the car to the trajectory. Perhaps the manufacturer would do well to polish the characteristics. You can shift the balance in the direction of comfort, or, conversely, make the car sportier rigid. But the main thing - do not worsen the already mediocre controllability.

SS20. Who would have thought that the name "Comfort" hides an almost 50 percent increase in effort during the rebound, and the version that is closer in characteristics to the factory name was called "Standard"? However, this is the right of the manufacturer, who, by the way, promises to start mass production of such shock absorbers by spring. We were one of the first to experience the new product.

The car has become tight, resilient and, perhaps, more logical. At low speeds, he repeats the profile of the road in detail, carefully shaking the riders on irregularities that are almost invisible to the eye. But a kind of sportiness is not perceived by the body as discomfort, as the car became integral. She doesn’t swallow roughness gently with the front wheels, but she doesn’t “kick” the weighty rear riders - the suspension evenly distributes the amplitude of the body movements between the wheels. But the energy intensity is beyond praise, and at high speed, Kalina behaves stably.

The body rolls were noticeably smaller, but the rear axle, alas, “turned off” from work - in fast turns the car strives to straighten the trajectory. The same problems at the "rearrangement" - at speeds close to the limiting, the driver is prevented by the sliding of the front axle. We hope that the developers will listen to our recommendations and still conjure over the characteristics.

Despite minor flaws, the SS20 is the optimal of the three tested kits. "Kalina" with him is quite comfortable on bad roads, and with sharp maneuvers - predictable and not dangerous.

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CHANGE CASTER

This will help to make non-standard support of the front struts, manufactured by the company "System of Technologies" (in the photo on the left, on the right - the standard support). Unlike the original part, at the Samara support the mounting point of the rack is shifted back, which is why the longitudinal inclination angle (caster) has increased. AvtoVAZ recommends no more than + 1.5 ° - after installing the tuning support, it has grown to + 2.5 °. By the way, an absolutely normal indicator for modern cars, and Kalina, he clearly fell in time. The car became clear, solid, assertive in control, which was gratifying for the top speed when performing the "rearrangement" (faster than 1.1 km / h). But most importantly, the driving experience has improved markedly - the steering wheel has become accurate and understandable.

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CHECK FOR RIGIDITY

Stretching is one of the few things that we managed to get for Kalina. Apparently, is not in special demand? Our tests showed that, in contrast to the "tens", it does not make any special changes to the behavior of the car. "Kalina" only slightly increased in speed at the "rearrangement" (0.5 km / h on 14-inch tires). Conclusion: the body is quite rigid and does not need additional reinforcement.

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