The Moscow government intends to ban the entry into the capital center of cars that do not meet Euro 3 standards. If such a law is passed, parts of the capital’s fleet will have to run only along the outskirts. On the other hand, if this decision is not made now, after some time inside the Garden Ring there will be no rest.
Most Moscow cars do not meet any standards for exhaust emissions. Today, there is a mandatory requirement for cars imported from abroad and manufactured in Russia - compliance with the European environmental standard Euro 2. Only in January 2008 will the standard Euro 3 be introduced in Russia.
In the meantime, due to constant traffic jams, the average speed of traffic flows inside the Garden Ring is about 10 km / h, because air pollution in the clogged streets rises to several tens of maximum permissible concentrations (MPC). The life span of the trees on the Boulevard Ring is six to seven times shorter than in the forest park, and the grass on the poisoned ground does not grow at all - you have to import soil or grass sod.
Four years ago, environmentalists proposed, in particular, to organize one-way traffic on the Garden Ring, severely restrict the entry of freight vehicles into the Third Ring, remove all storage facilities from the city center and tighten requirements for car emissions (emissions). From the long list of measures that the Department of Environmental Management then insisted on, during this time tariffs for parking spaces in the city center were only raised and fines for improper parking increased. Public transport is not established, transit is unlimited, and intercepting parking lots have not been built.
Leonid Bochin, head of the Department of Nature Management and Environmental Protection, is sounding the alarm again: entry to the center must be restricted. “The federal law on atmospheric air protection will allow us to do this, ” Bochin is sure.
The PPP has repeatedly said that all the major cities of the world solve the environmental problem in one way or another by restricting entry to the central part. So, entry to central London costs 6 pounds, and you can visit the center of Paris or Mexico only every second day, when the even or odd number of the car corresponds to an even or odd day of the month. In Rome, cars without catalytic converters are generally not allowed into the city center, and the rest should have a special chip card on the glass, indicating the passed emission control. The center of the Swedish cities of Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmo can also be accessed only with an environmental chip card. In Milan, Turin, Padua, Bologna and Florence, there is a restriction on entry into the center in the morning.
How will this happen in Moscow? For comments, we turned to the head of the press service of the Department of Natural Resources Timur Chernyshev:
- Please tell us how the control of transport going to the center will be carried out purely technically?
- So far we can only talk about freight transport. From April 1, 2008, for his entry into the central regions of Moscow, special coupons will be needed, which will be issued only to owners of trucks with an ecological class of at least 2 (meets Euro 2 standards). The environmental class of the car is confirmed by the corresponding mark in the TCP or other document. If there is no such mark, then voluntary certification will be required. On the basis of the environmental class of the car confirmed by documents, coupons will be issued giving the right to enter trucks in the city center (area limited by the Third Transport Ring).
After the introduction of the corresponding restriction on April 1, 2008, the traffic police will check the availability of the corresponding coupon for truck drivers who are in the center, and if it is absent, punish them with a fine.
As for cars, it is too early to talk about restricting their movement in the center. These restrictions, which apply to cars with engines below Euro 3 standards, are outlined for the future, so their owners in the near future have nothing to worry about.