Category: Automakers

Arithmetic With Geography

2023

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Video: Arithmetic With Geography

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: chapter 1 - le petit prince - rather interested in geography, history, arithmetic and grammar 2023, January
Arithmetic With Geography
Arithmetic With Geography
Anonim

In previous issues (ЗР, 2005, No. 7–10), we talked about Moscow, St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region, Yekaterinburg and Sverdlovsk Region, Rostov Region, and Primorsky Territory. Today we present the parks of two more regions - the Kaliningrad and Novosibirsk regions. The first of them, according to the assurances of local historians, is located just in the middle of Europe; the second, according to official measurements, is the center of Eurasia. It is not surprising that in the Novosibirsk Region both western and eastern trends mixed together. But the Kaliningrad region is already Europe. Or almost all the same - adjusted for Russian realities …

FORPOST IN EUROPE

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After the collapse of the USSR, the smallest of the Russian regions was cut off from the rest of the country. It is surrounded on all sides by the NATO and EU member states: from Kaliningrad, driving to Warsaw and Berlin is much closer (and easier!) Than to Moscow. Proximity to Europe and isolation from the "mainland" affected the structure of the fleet. As of January 1, 2005, in the region with a population of 995 thousand people, 222, 239 passenger cars were registered. Their provision is one of the highest in the country: 224 cars per 1000 inhabitants (an average of 170 in the Russian Federation). One more unusual indicator can be calculated - the number of cars per square kilometer of area: in the Kaliningrad region it is the highest in the country - 14.7. For comparison, in the Novosibirsk region, which we are talking about, there are only 2.4 cars per 1 km2 …

So, we have a fleet comparable in number with the park of a small European state. And in composition? Domestic cars in the enclave, of course, are in the minority: only 18%. Moreover, this whole segment cannot be called young: 91.3% of “Russians” are over 7 years old. Since in the 90s and at the beginning of this century, the import of Russian cars into the region was extremely insignificant, we can safely assume that most of them are still Soviet-made.

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But foreign cars have long ruled in this region. Moreover, throughout the 90s, the Kaliningrad region was their main supplier for the whole country, a sort of “bridge” to Europe. How many Russians know the car code, say, of the Kurgan region? But the fact that Kaliningrad numbers are “thirty-ninth” is remembered by many, from Smolensk to Siberia itself.

Now foreign cars in the region of 81.7% - an impressive figure. Only Primorsky Krai and Sakhalin Oblast are ahead. But if in the Far East region predominantly used "right-handed" "Japanese", then in the park of the Kaliningrad region - used "Germans": "Volkswagen", "Opel", "Audi", "Mercedes" … All-Russian leader among foreign cars - Japanese Toyota "In the former East Prussia is content with a modest 15th place in the overall standings, even letting the eternal rivals Mazda, Nissan and Mitsubishi forward. In the ranking of the popularity of foreign models among “Germans” there is also an absolute advantage; "Japanese" appear only in 14th place ("Mazda 6 26 /"> Mazda 626 ") and 23rd (" Mitsubishi Galant "). They don’t too much favor our eastern neighbors here … Yes, and the “Koreans”, who have been leading the sales in Russia in recent years, are also not very welcome here - Hyundai and KIA are in 25th and 26th place (that KIA cars are collected in Kaliningrad), and Daewoo is in 48th place!

All this is explained very simply. Although the Kaliningrad region is located geographically in Europe, its inhabitants are even behind many Russian regions in terms of incomes - that is why they are content with highly used cars from Germany, Lithuania and Poland. Fortunately, if they are intended only for "internal use", customs duties do not need to be paid. As a result, 96.2% of foreign cars in the region are older than 7 years. Buying cheaper …

As for new cars, over the past year they have increased here - 934. Surprisingly, AvtoVAZ is the leader, which sold 337 cars in a year. Apparently, the auto giant managed to set up work, Kaliningraders reached out to its dealers … New UAZs in the amount of 59 pieces and Volga (58) were acquired, not otherwise, by local authorities. Among the "foreigners" are leading "Toyota" (168 cars) and "Hyundai" (88). Further on the list are Skoda (53), KIA (42), BMW (31) and Volkswagen (30) … But the number of fans of new IZh and Porsche cars in the Kaliningrad Region was equal. In 2004, three new “odes” appeared in the local park, and the same “Porsche” appeared …

IN THE MIDDLE OF THE CONTINENT

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The Novosibirsk region, although it is located far from Europe, is ahead of the Kaliningrad region in terms of park growth. Although there are fewer cars per 1000 people (158), the park is developing faster, both in quantitative and qualitative terms.

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