The upcoming expansion of all European automakers is worrying. The topic of China became the main one at the third, already annual World Mobility Forum (which literally translates as "World Movement Forum"), which brought together the leaders of all well-known car concerns in German Stuttgart. Our correspondent also visited here.
Even 10 years ago, in world statistics, China did not appear as a country producing cars. And in 2004, 2 million passenger cars were assembled here - twice as much as in Russia! In the ranking of Asian car manufacturers, China took third place after Japan (8.7 million) and Korea (2.7 million) and, according to experts, no later than three years later will change places with Korea. Among the 38 global automakers, the Chinese are already in eighth place, Russia - in 13th place.
The world's most respected car catalog, Swiss Autoreview, presents 20 brands assembled in China, which makes up almost 5% of world production! We still don't know such names as “Geely,” “Xiali,” or “Cherie,” not to mention the many small Chinese auto companies (there are more than a hundred!), But China’s passenger car fleet already numbers 22 million (slightly less than in Russia) and, according to experts, by 2020 could reach 220 million! Do not forget that we are talking about a country with a population of 1.3 billion people!
For the rapidly developing Chinese auto industry, the framework of the PRC is already close. At the last AMI showroom in Leipzig, one could get acquainted with the first Chinese offer on the German market: the European premiere of the Jonghua-M1 sedan with a 140-liter engine took place. with. and "maximum speed" of 200 km / h. The Chery-QQ baby appeared in Europe (an almost complete copy of the Chevrolet Matiz), it is now sold in China for less than $ 3, 000. If at such a price the quality close to GM Daewoo is maintained, he is guaranteed success in the markets of Russia and other European countries.
Speaking about the prospects of the Chinese auto industry, one cannot but say about environmental problems. The Chinese government has carried out economic reforms, today China has already gotten rid of the status of a developing country and is equally present in the high-tech market. Moreover, development here is many times faster than anywhere else in the world. In Europe, for example, it takes at least two years to create a new metro line project; in China, it will be built and launched during this time. We will not lose sight of the fact that he is the second “producer of CO2” in the world. Today, 16 Chinese cities have taken the top lines in the twenty most polluted in the world. The uncontrolled increase in the number of personal cars exacerbates the problem many times - not only truck entry into the daytime is prohibited in large cities, but also off-road vehicles around the clock.
Given the population density, the PRC should faster than other countries take active measures against air pollution if it does not want to suffocate before the 2008 Olympics, which, as you know, will be held in Beijing. Speaking at WMF, Professor Gang Wang, president of Shanghai University and chief science expert at the Ministry of Science and Technology, emphasized that the Chinese government called the fight against air pollution a state task, with the goal of reducing natural resources, despite the dynamic growth in car production. Professor Wang sees the key to success in replacing a gasoline engine with another that uses alternative fuels.
Opponents with a name participated in the discussion with the Chinese scientist: the former head of Opel and the current president of GM Europe Karl-Peter Forster, a member of the BMW board of directors, professor Burkhard Göschel, responsible for research and new technologies on the board of directors Daimler-Chrysler Dr. Thomas Weber. They all called hydrogen the most promising fuel, differing only in whether it would be injected in liquid form into cylinders or used in fuel cells. At the same time, all three agreed that only China, with its state program, can nowadays promptly bring advanced technologies to industrial production! In their opinion, there was only a small step left to bring alternative power units to the market. “Thank God that there is China, a country with political stability and the will to transform,” Karl-Peter Forster said …