Starting a scooter motor is not difficult. The driver is required to turn the key to the "ON" position - the ignition will turn on. Press any of the brake levers and then the electric starter button - the engine will start. Why do instructions require you to start the engine only when the scooter is on the center stand? If he is on wheels, and the driver or a nearby onlooker inadvertently turns the throttle, the device will leave, at best it will fall and scratch the facings.
After starting a cold engine, do not make a fuss, let it idle for several minutes. This is not a ritual in front of the road (such as “Sit down, friends …”), but a necessity: an unheated engine works with “dips”, reacts sluggishly to gas, or even dies. In the meantime, the engine warms up, look around the dashboard - is everything all right: is there enough gas in the tank, is the red oil level light on (for the “two-stroke”). If it burns, add oil immediately: there will be no second warning - the engine will jam.
If the engine does not start (which happens with old scooters), you will have to find and eliminate the cause. You won’t start a scooter without a pusher.
Learn to measure the angle of rotation of the throttle with increasing speed. Since scooters are equipped with an automatic continuously variable transmission, then in them, consider one single transmission, which means that the higher the engine speed, the higher the speed. Release the throttle - and it will return to its original position, corresponding to idling. If the scooter picks up speed and you drop the gas, it will roll for a long time by inertia.
There are four types of braking: full - until the scooter stops, working - to slightly reduce the speed, parking - to keep on a slope, and also emergency.
If you sharply, strongly press the brake lever, a wheel lock may occur - it will stop spinning and the wheel will “skid”. Locking the front wheel is dangerous - a fall is almost guaranteed. If the lock occurs at low speed, the rear wheel will most likely rise (“stop” effect), and the scooter may roll over. The “use” of the rear wheel when driving in a straight line is not so critical, at least until the wheel starts to move to the side (in such cases they say: the wheel went into a skid). Do not have time to release the brake in time, fall on the asphalt.
On scooters with a variator, they are braked in three ways: only the front, only one back and at the same time front and rear. How to start working earlier and which one to press harder? It is advisable to brake simultaneously with both or slightly ahead of the rear brake.
Many beginners have a prejudice to using the front brake - they are afraid to roll over or fall. And they are mistaken: when braking, the weight falling on the front and rear wheels is redistributed, but most of it falls on the front. Based on this it follows that the efficiency of one front brake is approximately 30% higher than just the rear. To avoid overturning, avoid sharply pressing the brake lever. And braking with one rear is justified only on slippery surfaces.
Someone thinks that the rear brake is not needed at all. And this is a misconception, and a dangerous one. When braking with one front brake in a corner and when the tire grip is poor (for example, when there is a little sand on the asphalt), the wheel will demolish sideways and then fall further. Therefore, do not get used to working only the front.
The simultaneous use of both brakes reduces the braking distance by 20%. When braking at a speed of 30 km / h, modern scooters stop on average after 5–7 m.
Do not forget that you will not slow down the engine on a scooter. This means that on the slopes you will have to use the brakes constantly. When driving around the city, this feature does not cause difficulties, another thing, on long steep descents. So, as a result of constant long-term operation, the brakes may overheat.
A very important warning: before entering the corner, braking should be completed - this is an axiom. If the turn is smooth, then most often it is enough just to dump the gas - the scooter will slow down somewhat. Although the variator does not transmit braking force when the gas is closed from the engine to the wheel, some resistance does occur in the transmission, plus scooter rolling resistance and aerodynamic drag will slow it down.
When entering a turn, mentally outline the trajectory of movement - a smooth curve with a maximum radius. If you exceed the speed and, as a result, the scooter slopes excessively, the tire grip is not enough to hold the car - and it will fall. So, the movement in a bend at a moderate speed along the maximum radius will allow the body to be tilted less, which means that the tire grip force will remain quite high.
The most common position of the hull relative to the scooter is when the tilt of the body is equal to the tilt of the car. Other options: when the inclination of the body is greater or less than the angle of inclination of the scooter.
The first method is classic, so most scooters and motorcyclists ride, and this alone says that it suits the usual conditions in the best way.
The tilt of the body at an angle smaller than the tilt of the scooter allows you to take a turn along the minimum radius. The method is used for fast maneuvering at low speed.
The option "the body is tilted more than the scooter" is rarely used. In this case, the tire adhesion to the surface is far from exhausted (due to the special profile, tread pattern and tire composition), and it is impossible to tilt the device to a larger angle. In addition to the body, a leg is bent to the side, bent at the knee (this style is called "pass the turn with the knee"). And sometimes the driver shifts from the seat cushion to the inside of the turn. The reception is used for sports riding, but not on public roads.
The specificity of variable-speed scooters affects low-speed maneuvering. When the driver discharges gas, the scooter continues to move by inertia. When tilted in the direction of rotation, the center of gravity is withdrawn into the rotation. In this case, the steering wheel rotates in the same direction to compensate for the tilt. On motorcycles with a gearbox, in which the transmission provides a “rigid” connection of the wheel with the crankshaft of the engine, the driver slightly adds gas, which instantly causes acceleration and the appearance of centrifugal force that compensates for the overturning moment. With scooters, when the gas increases, the V-belt variator and centrifugal clutch do not work immediately, but with a certain delay. An experienced scooter driver goes through a turn, not dropping, but adding gas. If you need to reduce the speed, a brake is used, but not a gas discharge “to zero” speed: the driver must be responsive to the device and create an interference fit so that the transmission does not disconnect the wheel from the motor, and if necessary, slightly add gas.
It is one thing to master the skills of driving a scooter on an empty platform, and it is quite another to merge into the bustle of city streets. Is it necessary to remind that during the ride all attention should be focused on what is happening around. If you are only busy that you are in control of maintaining balance, including in a bend, then it’s too early to go on the road.
Drivers of 50-cubic scooters have few legal options for location on the roadway. They are instructed to move in the far right lane, as close to the sidewalk or curb as possible. In life, it’s different: you have to drive closer to the middle in order to, say, go around potholes or foreign objects … Blindly following the traffic rules and driving at the very edge is dangerous. What if a pedestrian takes a step from the sidewalk? Or a gaping car owner will open the door of his car?.. Is it safe to stay in the middle of the right lane or even a little to the left.
Do not wander alongside a slowly reaching truck or bus. And it’s better not to approach them: it quickly tires. In addition, it is so easy to miss the open hatch or brick missed by your "lead" between the wheels.
The complexity of driving through city intersections is not even heavy traffic, which is difficult to maneuver. The multi-level interchanges of modern cities, the “tricky” wiring in the lanes, prohibiting traffic lights - all this confuses even an experienced driver. Learn the difficult sections of the track by frequently repeating routes, learn the algorithms for driving intersections and junctions.
Law-abiding scooters are obliged to remember the restrictions prescribed for them (the main of which is the prohibition of left turn on a multi-lane street). Let's hope that the outdated rules will be rewritten taking into account the increased capabilities of scooters, but until then, let the accumulated experience and common sense become guides and good advisers when riding.
According to statistics, most often accidents involving scooters occur in the right lane - when a car is traveling along it and there is still enough space for a scooter. Scooter rightly considers a meter or two to the left of the sidewalk “his patrimony” and, without dumping gas, rushes along this lane, not paying attention to the car to the left. And its driver may not see the scooter when it falls into the "dead zone" of the rear-view mirrors. Car owners most often believe that in such a narrow space the second car to the right of it will not fit, and this space is not controlled in the mirrors. And, bypassing a transport standing on the left turn or, say, a pedestrian on the center line, he makes a sharp maneuver to the right, blocks the path for the scooter driver or can even bring him down.
Another danger at the intersections is oncoming traffic, turning left. A small scooter a car driver perceives where as with less reverence than, say, a truck. And, without hesitation to slow down, he leaves for the intersection, although according to the rules he must skip the scooter.
One thing can be recommended for such cases: set a goal - to get home unscathed. A sense of security should prevail over legal search.
Finally, one more - general advice: always ride in a helmet, although there is no such requirement in traffic rules. The wind should walk behind your back, not in your head!
Thanks to Dmitry SHISHKIN, who really got on the scooter for the first time,