After a three-year uncontrolled growth in the main accident indicators last year, there was a decrease in the number of deaths in road accidents (by 3.1%), a kind of “slowdown in the growth rate of the number of accidents (+ 2.1% versus + 10.8% in 2003) and the number people wounded in them”(+ 3.1% versus + 13.1%).
This, of course, cannot but rejoice, but only if we take into account the relative indicators. Absolutes are able to lead an unprepared person into a state of shock. Last year, 208, 506 traffic accidents were registered in the country (and how many unaccounted for!), 34, 506 were killed and 251, 386 were injured. If you count, then daily on the roads of Russia the life of 95 of our fellow citizens breaks off, and another 689 become crippled. Everyday! Even meticulous experts estimated that the social and economic damage from road accidents and their consequences amounted to 369 billion rubles during the year, and another 186, 2 billion from deaths.
By the number of accidents, we are absolute leaders in Europe and one of the world “champions" (only China and India are ahead, where the population has long exceeded one billion). We are ahead of all in the severity of the consequences of accidents (12 dead per 100 injured). We also have entire “record holder” regions: out of 100 victims in Evenkia, one hundred die (!), In Ingushetia and Dagestan - 23 each, in Tuva - 22 … In general, a Russian has a 5 times higher chance of dying on the road than a citizen of Austria, Great Britain, Germany, USA or Sweden.
There are many reasons for this, and one of the main reasons is that only 20% of victims of road accidents receive assistance on the spot or on the way to the hospital (according to the Ministry of Health), 70% of drivers have no idea how to use a first-aid kit, and half do not have it at all. As a result, 30% (and in some regions even 90%!) Of the wounded do not reach hospitals and die … For many years, the head of the All-Russian Service for Disaster Medicine Sergei Goncharov has called for an increase in the number of medical care centers in cities and on the busiest routes (including and at large gas stations), at least to increase the number of road signs, where to find them, but … "Everywhere there are signs of settlements, cafes, shops, other objects, but nowhere on the roads you will not find arrows, how to get to the nearest hospital, " resents S. Goncha s. It would also be nice to create disaster medicine centers in all regions with their mobile units, psychological teams, medical facilities, but so far these are just the wishes of doctors.
In its report, the traffic police as the main factors affecting the growth of road accidents, calls socio-economic. Every year, for example, the imbalance between the pace of development of the road network and the number of cars in the country is growing; the condition of many streets and roads is assessed as unsatisfactory. The average speed of transport in major cities over the past five years has decreased by almost 40%! Another “good” reason is the aging of the fleet: more than half of all vehicles we have are older than 10 years, and about 5 million cars are annually recognized as malfunctioning …
And we in holy Russia really love to drive drunk green; for this reason (which can also be classified as socio-economic) last year 13% (!) of all accidents happened. Moreover, both drivers and passengers and pedestrians drink: in 2004, 4, 790 people died and over 38 thousand were injured. The best friends of the “green serpent” live with us, as it turned out, in the Komi-Permyak district (33% of all accidents), Kostroma region (31.5%) and Altai (30.3%).
In general, all this gave reason to the Chief State Inspector of the Russian Federation V. Kiryanov to state that “accident rate in road transport is one of the most acute socio-economic and demographic problems that poses a threat to security at the state level." And as one of the main measures in the fight to reduce road accidents, he called the need to “make a number of changes and additions to the Code of Administrative Offenses; this is especially true of gross and systematic violations of the Rules of the Road.”