The dying agony began, which is still ongoing - external management was introduced at the plant.
And once it seemed that the area of Volgogradsky Prospekt, which had become a mini-city named after the Lenin Komsomol plant, would stand forever. Now, as if in a mockery of him, opposite the deceased giant, the signs of the salons of Ford, Mercedes, and Mitsubishi are full of signs.
On the other side, across the subway, a long white building with a loud name “Avtoframos” whitens with fresh paint. Few people remember that even under socialism, they were going to produce the most modern engines for the "Muscovites". And not only for them. It was for these purposes that the USSR took one of the last in its history multi-million loans, even bought a line for the production of motors. The remains of that equipment to this day rot throughout the plant. Even in distant Ufa you can see them.
That ill-fated credit of the times of the late USSR was essentially the main hole in the AZLK building - Moskvich. 542 million dollars (with fines - 700 million) hung on it with an unbearable load. The debt of AZLK grew. Inflation, the crisis of non-payments, the fall of the ruble and not least the strange, to put it mildly, management strategy of the plant. In the late 90s, Moskvich still had a chance to rise, but instead of improving the basic model, the director, not without the participation of the city authorities, headed for the development of cars with “princely” names. Even the beloved by the people “forty-one” was then renamed “Svyatogor”. The name turned out to be symbolic: the epic Svyatogor grew from his own dope into the ground when he tried to turn it over, clutching an iron ring …
MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING
Even a superficial assessment of the current state of the automotive industry in Russia says that car production in a country that increases its fleet by 1.5 million units annually should not be unprofitable. And against this background, the giant of the auto industry is going bankrupt. Paradox?
Not at all. Bankruptcy is also someone else's profit. The former AZLK, together with all its non-productive assets, has become a tidbit. 25 kindergartens in Moscow alone, a holiday home on the Black Sea, a giant Palace of Culture, a stadium, an ice Palace of Sports - all this gradually floated away. And there’s nobody to ask. The trouble of “Moskvich” was that for almost 15 years in the conditions of the new economy, the plant never appeared at the plant. A controlling stake - more than 60% - is owned by the Russian government in the person of the Russian Federal Property Fund. It itself did not want to deal with the restless economy, but handed over the management of the plant to the Moscow government. But managing and owning stocks, as they say in Odessa, are two big differences. The plant turned out to be two owners - nominal and real, but in fact it was left to the then general director R. Asatryan. Voluntarily or involuntarily, consciously or accidentally, but he also became the grave digger of the Moskvich.
He started by launching thousands of incomplete cars on the market - without power windows, windshield wipers, without seats and steering wheels … It hurt both the economy of the enterprise and the already tarnished image of the car.
Then a strange restructuring took place - more than half of the components were eliminated in the most decisive way - and transferred to the side, including to Armenia. Then came the representative “Ivans” and “Vladimirs” … The results of the economic policy of the Moskvich leadership from 1997 until the plant stopped in the fall of 2001 are comparable only to the tsunami in the Indian Ocean. At that time, according to the Ministry of Finance, the debt of the joint-stock company amounted to almost a billion dollars! The Moscow authorities failed to agree with the center on the fate of this debt and, having received part of the premises of the plant in their ownership, as they say, washed their hands.
In January 2004, external management was introduced at the plant. Appointed by the arbitration manager of Moskvich, Alexander Komarov tried to seize the chance that creditors had given the plant for 18 months. It was planned to restore the engineering networks, conduct an audit of the equipment and establish the production of spare parts (see ЗР, 2004, No. 5). But once again, all good intentions were not destined to be realized. On November 2 last year, Alexander Komarov asked the arbitration court for his resignation due to health reasons. This was unexpected for everyone.
“I believe that health is not the reason for the manager to leave,” said Sergei Novopolsky, member of the plant’s trade union committee, at that court hearing. - Komarov, who wants to keep the plant, is under pressure from all sides, including the federal authorities.
In other words, the external manager was not required to save the plant, but only to continue its bankruptcy: quietly and peacefully hold out until the summer of 2005, when it came time to sell the remaining property for debts and, most importantly! - land almost in the center of the capital.
Like it or not, but in the end the court granted Komarov’s request for resignation and appointed a new manager. They became the retired service lieutenant general Anatoly Sivakov, who had previously successfully conducted the bankruptcy of a large facility … in the Moscow pharmacy No. 9.
For the entire period of work as the external manager of Moskvich (almost half a year!) A. Komarov successfully avoided communication with the press. They behave similarly in the Moscow government; for several years we tried in vain to find out about the prospects of the plant from the Minister of Industry of the city E. Panteleev, but he still had no time to meet.
The reason for this is obvious: none of those in charge wants to publicly announce that the struggle for the revival of the Moskvich is over without having begun, and that preparations for the funeral are in full swing.
Actually, there is nothing to revive. At Moskvich today, in fact, there is nothing but walls with abandoned iron that are getting cold in the cold. However, it is thrown only that it was not possible to dismantle and sell. There is no longer in nature a modern workshop for the production of plastic products that could work for the needs of any production - everything was taken somewhere. There is no longer an instrumental workshop; everything that can be carried away has been stolen from galvanic.