Category: New cars

The History Of The ZIS-112 - In The Wake Of White And Blue

Video: The History Of The ZIS-112 - In The Wake Of White And Blue
Video: 1953 ЗИС-112 || DiP Models || Масштабные модели спортивных автомобилей СССР 1:43 2023, February
The History Of The ZIS-112 - In The Wake Of White And Blue
The History Of The ZIS-112 - In The Wake Of White And Blue

Its employees then had no time for memoirs - they did not write in detail about unique machines, did not keep a record of their victories and defeats. Yes, and age … One of the main characters in this story - Boris Nikolayevich Kurbatov is 90 years old now. He is one of those "winners" who stood at the origins of the ZIS sports team.

Kurbatov’s first racing car was the bulky ZIS-101. In the late 1930s, at the “hundred first”, along with serial “emkami” and a few sports cars based on them, were in the so-called linear races. To do this, choose a stretch of highway several tens of kilometers, at the end of it athletes turned and raced back to the start-finish line. Near Moscow they chased along the Minsk highway, making a loop in the Kubinka area.

Motorsport in the 1930s was popular in the USSR almost like aviation. Racing was considered part of military training, so they were encouraged by the country's leadership, promoted by newspapers and magazines. And of course, the director of ZIS I. Likhachev was very unhappy when the factory crew with the driver Kurbatov left the race because of the melted liners. It was then at the factory that they began more or less seriously preparing the cars for the competition. True, the only copy of the roadster based on the ZIS-101 (ZR, 2003, No. 11) did not enter the race. And the refinement of the standard ZIS-101A was reduced, in fact, to an additional oil cooler. You can call such a car racing only conditionally. But soon the plant, and the whole country, was not up to the sport.

After the war, a huge convertible ZIS-110V came out to linear races. It was distinguished from the serial by an additional gas tank and a casing covering the interior from the back of the front seat to the trunk. Today it’s hard to imagine how Kurbatov and his mechanic (the rules of his time demanded his presence in the car) rushed along the heavy, slow-moving ZIS along the Minsk highway from Moscow to … Minsk and back. There were few people who wanted to participate in such competitions - often there were accidents with severe injuries. But at the Moscow plant, a group of “desperate” nevertheless gathered, headed by Sergei Vasilievich Glazunov, who headed the laboratory of sports cars.

In 1951, the ZIS-112 debuted with the avant-garde body of the designer Valentin Rostkov. He was inspired by the famous Buick-Le Saber prototype (in the USA it was called the "dream car"). A futuristic double VMS with a metal removable hood over the passenger compartment and the only headlight crowning the round radiator trim were painted white and blue. They became traditional for the factory team.

First, the ZIS-112 (at the factory the car was called “one-eye” or “cyclop”) was equipped with the serial 140-horsepower eight-cylinder ZIS-110 engine. Then, designers led by Vasily Fedorovich Rodionov created an experimental engine with upper intake valves and lower exhaust valves. The engine developed 180 liters. with., and the car is about 200 km / h.

Huge, almost 6 m long, ZIS-112 went to the start of linear races on the Minsk highway. Very soon, it became clear to the riders and designers: this car is not suitable even for such competitions. At the initiative of Kurbatov, the ZIS-112 was shortened by 600 mm. Reducing the mass and changing the main pair managed to raise the "maximum speed" to 210 km / h. But this version of the riders did not suit. Especially after 1955, when the USSR championships began to be held on the ring track in Minsk. The ring, however, was very peculiar: the two highways were connected by transverse roads, creating a circle 42 km long - perhaps the longest "circuit" in the world! Nevertheless, more maneuverable cars were required here than on linear racing tracks.

In 1956, a car was built, which was conditionally called ZIL-112/2 (in the middle of the 1956th era of the ZISov ended). Body panels made of fiberglass and paper honeycombs impregnated with BF glue were attached to the tubular frame. Pendants were taken from the serial ZIS-110 engine with a capacity of 170 liters. with. - from him, but forced, with four carburetors. On this machine in 1956, Boris Kurbatov became the bronze medalist of the USSR championship. Another unusual car participated in the same championship - ZIL-112/3. Its filling was the same as that of version 112/2, and the design … It is possible that the body was taken from the Cadillac and remade. However, the front end is similar to the Moscow model - a prototype of the future ZIL-111, which appeared just in 1956.

For the next season, Muscovites have prepared two new cars with fiberglass bodies. Outwardly, they almost did not differ, although some nodes were different, and the bases too: 2900 and 3040 mm. Engines created on the basis of these 112s, created on the basis of the V-shaped eight-cylinder ZIL-111 - with a capacity of 200–220 liters. with., with four and even eight (!) carburetors. Gearboxes were used from the ZIS-110: the “automatic”, which appeared on the 111th, was not suitable for racing.

These machines (conditionally - ZIL-112/4 and 112/5) brought the factory team many prizes. In 1957, Vladimir Petrov became the bronze medalist of the USSR in group G. In 1960, Boris Kurbatov (by the way, he was already 46 years old) won the national championship, and in 1961 won the silver medal. By the way, the competition on the race tracks in those years was serious: factories (from ZIL to MAZ!), Auto farms, sports clubs and simply mechanic enthusiasts built and improved a wide variety of racing cars - unprepossessing semi-artisan and thoughtful, professionally executed, which was not a shame put next to other imported analogues.

Such is the ZIS-112S, which appeared in the early 1960s. The elegant fiberglass body resembled a Ferrari of the late 50s. The front suspension is Volgovaya, and the rear suspension is original independent, spring. Brakes - disc, of its own design, and the rear (to reduce unsprung masses) - the main gear. An almost 6 liter V8 engine with two four-chamber carburetors developed 240 liters. with. The gearbox was still from the ZIS-110, with a lightweight aluminum crankcase. On such a machine, capable of reaching 260 km / h, Victor Galkin took third place in the USSR championship in 1963.

The fastest version was the version with a 270-horsepower engine of 6.95 liters. On it, Gennady Zharkov became the champion in 1965.

And even earlier, in 1962, on the initiative of the head of the sports laboratory Glazunov, a group of Zilovites left for Lake Baskunchak in the Astrakhan Region, intending to break the all-Union speed record. One of the 112s (there were only two cars in version 112C) received a special lightweight body and a pallet covering the units to improve aerodynamics. As luck would have it, in the region famous for its dry climate, heavy rains that year markedly damaged the soil. The car managed to accelerate only to 200–230 km / h, the tires could no longer withstand.

The second attempt - now planning an average speed record in a 24-hour race - was made at the newly opened Dmitrov training ground. By the way, the 14-kilometer ring of the highway, where they were going to break the record, was run exactly on the 112th - the fastest domestic car of those years. But the preparation dragged on: snowflakes spun over the track, and clouds were gathering over the sports laboratory. The management and party committee of ZIL considered the creation of sports cars unnecessary, tearing specialists and funds from the main tasks of one of the "flagships of the Soviet industry."

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