Category: New cars

Fleet Of Russia: Forward To The Future

2023

Table of contents:

Video: Fleet Of Russia: Forward To The Future
Video: Episode 177. Russian ships of the future 2023, February
Fleet Of Russia: Forward To The Future
Fleet Of Russia: Forward To The Future
Anonim

STATISTICS

Unfortunately, the idea to show the structure of the entire “foreign” park of Russia not only by brands but also by models has remained unfulfilled. If you can still determine the favorites among domestic cars (the first places are shared by VAZ 2101 and VAZ 2106), then with foreign cars everything is much more complicated.

The right-handed cars from Japan, which today make up about 28% of all foreign cars, made a turmoil in the harmonious picture. In the Land of the Rising Sun, there existed (and still exists) a very complex, complicated labeling system: the same model could have completely different names in different years (or even at the same time). As far as we know, complete correspondence catalogs in Russian do not exist, so it’s not yet possible to calculate, say, how many Toyota Corolla cars run on our roads. Under this name, it was produced for the European and American markets, and on the domestic and Asian markets it could have been a Corolla, a Terzelom, a Sprinter (these models have minimal differences), a Caribom (universal), or even altis altogether. On the markets of other countries, she also appeared under a variety of pseudonyms - here and Altis, and Tazz, and Prism …

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And this is only one model (now, for example, Toyota has 57 on the conveyors, but how many were there?), But there are also Nissan, Mitsubishi, and others … At different times, they got in different ways to Russia, settled in its different corners and were recorded in the registration departments of the traffic police as a god put on the soul. Remember, even in the “educated” capital, there are 100 cars registered with a “foreign car” in the passport (another 30 have a “home-made foreign car”!) - what can we say about a remote province … The result is in the far from the most “motorized” Republic of Komi 150 thousand registered cars represent 720 models, and in the Krasnodar Territory (977 thousand registered) there are already 1, 230 of them! To understand this sea, somehow to systematize models neither for us, the staff of the magazine, nor for the computer yet. What is in the editorial plans for the next issue of the collection “Russia at the wheel”, where we hope to give a more complete and detailed picture of the country's automotive life. In the meantime, we bring to your attention the "popularity rating" of individual models in some regions of the European part of Russia - not the poorest, not the richest, but different.

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In three of the four regions, the top ten were only domestic cars. And in all in the first place - the “six” VAZ 2106, in the second - the “penny” VAZ 2101 (discontinued 20 years ago!), Then in different order “Cossacks” ZAZ 968, “four hundred and twelfth” and “fortieth” “Muscovites” … There is no need to talk about the popularity of foreign cars in these regions: in Komi, Audi 100 only (in 29th place) (0.7% of the park), in the Krasnodar Territory in 28th, Volkswagen Passat (0, 5%), it is also the 35th in the Astrakhan region (0.4%). And only in the westernmost - Kaliningrad region, foreign cars “rule the ball”, but even in the top ten there are the same “penny”, “Zaporozhets” and “Moskvich 2140”. And foreign cars, by all appearances, do not shine with youth: five out of seven models have already been discontinued in Germany for about 10 years, and the other two are unlikely to represent the last generation. And it’s worth going deeper into the list a little further, it can be seen: in the fleet of the “West European” Kaliningrad region, ZAZ-966 is slightly larger than the “popular” Volkswagen Polos (583 and 582, respectively). Here we are Europe …

In the North-Western district, foreign cars make up 37% of the vehicle fleet, and in the South - only 16% (on average in the Russian Federation - 19%). On the one hand, comparing them is not entirely correct. But on the other hand, the number of foreign cars does not differ too much (850 and 520 thousand), and by age they are quite close. In the North-West and in the Southern Okrug last year, only 3% of completely new cars were added, and the old ones (over 7 years old) make up three quarters - 76% of the fleet. In the North-West, automobiles up to three years of age are 9%, from 3 to 7 - 15%, in the South - 10 and 14%, respectively. So wherever you look, we have one homeland … It is gratifying that the standard of living, albeit slowly, but still rising, which means that the fleet is growing (fast) and getting younger (while slowly).

There are reasons for such optimism. Firstly, incomes of the population are gradually growing if the fleet is replenished annually with almost a million cars (in 2003 - by 869 675 units, and this is taking into account the retirement!). According to analysts, by 2010 the country will have 31–32 million cars (now, I recall, 23.3 million). This implies an annual increase of 5%. Only due to revenue growth this cannot be achieved (unless oil will be at $ 100 per barrel - pah-pah-pah!), Therefore - secondly - more and more cars are sold on credit. Unfortunately, there are not so many exact figures and serious analytics here: existing estimates of the volume of such sales diverge 2-3 times! For example, according to some sources, every second VAZ is sold on credit, and by the end of 2004 the volume of lending to customers can reach 70%. According to other sources, this level in 2003 was estimated at 15–20% of the total. Given the increase in sales on credit in 2004 by 50–70%, we can safely say that in 2005 25–35% of cars will be sold in this way. To the United States, where 95% of cars are bought on credit, we are, of course, far away, but the trend is obvious.

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