Category: New cars

These Are The Rules

2023
Video: These Are The Rules
Video: THESE ARE THE RULES (Takva su pravila) Trailer | SGIFF 2014 2023, February
These Are The Rules
These Are The Rules
Anonim

First of all, about the classification. In the rules of the road in paragraph 1.2, which explains the basic concepts and terms, the category "mechanical vehicles" does not include mopeds (and therefore, scooters, because of which the whole fuss). And if they are not mentioned here, then “automatically” they are equated to non-mechanical vehicles - horse-drawn carts, bicycles, trailers and semi-trailers. Isn’t that ridiculous! But after all, mopeds have an internal combustion engine - a “detail” that distinguishes mechanical and non-mechanical vehicles. At the same time, the current GOST R 52051–2003, brought into compliance with the EU Directive No. 2002/24 of the EU, relates mopeds to motor vehicles. Everything is serious here: the Directive mopeds are already divided into two categories - L1 and L2. L1 includes just what our traffic rules call a “moped,” plus two-wheeled vehicles with electric motors up to 4 kW. To L2 - 3-wheeled mopeds. It turns out an incident: the current standards both in the European Union and in Russia are not linked to the Russian Rules of the Road.

This is in the documents. And what is common sense - “in the mind”? According to traffic rules, there are only two types of motor vehicles - motorcycles and mopeds. All motor vehicles with an engine of less than 50 cubic meters were attributed to mopeds. cm, and the speed allowed for them is not more than 50 km / h. In today's practice, this is a rather motley "company": it has scooters, mokiki, and motorbikes (including electric motors), and classic mopeds with auxiliary pedal drive. In life, all these babies differ in technical characteristics, and they behave differently on the roads. Motorbikes, including electric ones, are quite light - they are only 10-15 kg heavier than bicycles, and, if necessary, they can be dragged along the underpass along the stairs. Their speed does not exceed 25 km / h, the brakes and lighting are primitive. This group is not a sin to equate to bicycles, to allow them to ride a maximum on cycle paths. Moving along the roadway in cities with heavy traffic on them is simply dangerous.

Another thing is modern mokiki and scooters. Their lighting technology fully complies with strict motorcycle standards (headlamp with high / low beam, direction indicators, stop and horn). Although they are heavier (weight from 85 to 100 kg), modern engines with a capacity of up to 6-8 liters. with. allow them to ride along with other vehicles. The maximum speed of scooters on the passport is 50 km / h. In fact, the "fifty dollars" is able to accelerate to 60 km / h, or even faster. In the cities of Europe, where the restriction of 50 km / h is almost universally imposed (60 km / h only in Poland, Serbia and Slovakia), they do not cause any interference with cars. Keeping them within bike paths only, as prescribed by the SDA (paragraph 24.3), means plunging innocent cyclists into danger. Yes, and stupid. And the prohibition to make a left turn on public roads (in other words, to force dragging along underground passages?) Is completely nonsense, and this nonsense is described in the same paragraph 24.3. Tell me, “through life”, who will make the ladies drag an almost 100-pound car up the stairs through crowds of passers-by? And I won’t give?

And another, to put it mildly, strangeness. It turns out that when driving a moped, it is allowed to go where the motorbikes are ordered; if the sign 3.9 "No motorbikes are allowed" hangs above the road. Fine?!

In Russia, the Rules of the Road are not developed by the traffic police, as many believe, but by the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation, the traffic police have an authoritative, but advisory voice. Those of the proposals to amend the SDA, which, in the opinion of the commission, are important and appropriate, are submitted to the Russian government for approval.

The Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation explained to us that the editors of the magazine "Moto" on legal law can make suggestions for updating the text of the SDA. And we want to do this: in connection with the contradictions that occurred during the preparation of the reform concerning Moscow scooters, we consider it our responsibility to make readers even obligated to submit proposals for amending the Rules.

The editors sent the following to the Ministry of Transport for consideration.

The definitions of the characteristics of groups of vehicles contained in paragraph 1 of the “General Provisions” should be brought into line with GOST R 52051-2003 in force in Russia. Namely:

classify mopeds as motor vehicles;

in clarifying the term “moped”, clarify that it includes the concept of “scooter”, as well as in the list of types of vehicles that fall under the definition of “moped”, introduce 2- and 3-wheel cars with electric motors - according to the definition of GOST R 52051–2003;

rework paragraph 24 “Additional requirements for the movement of bicycles, mopeds, horse-drawn carts, as well as the driving of animals”: ​​the definition of “mopeds” from this paragraph shall be deleted;

allow to turn left on mopeds, scooters on multi-lane streets.

If we are already talking about the inadequacy of a number of traffic regulations, we want to draw the attention of the Ministry of Transport to other problems that do not apply to scooters and mopeds. According to GOST R 52051–2003, category “L3” was introduced for “normal” motorcycles, further: L4 - motorcycle with sidecar, L5 - tricycle, category L6 - light quadricycles, and L7 - “normal” quadricycles.

We noticed: GOST introduced new terms that are not in the SDA - “tricycle” and “quadricycle” (did you note the difference in spelling: “quadric …”?). But these terms do not exist in the definition of "motorcycle" in the SDA.

And the next discrepancy. According to the SDA, four-wheeled vehicles can have a curb weight of not more than 400 kg. But according to GOST for L6, the unloaded mass should not exceed 350 kg, for L7 - 400 kg or 550 for a cargo quadricycle. And further. According to GOST, for light ATVs there are no engine power limitations, while for “heavy” ones it is limited to 15 kW (20.5 hp). The SDA does not mention any power limitations for the motorcycle category.

We offer:

in the list of types of vehicles that fall under the definition of the term "motorcycle", introduce the concepts of "tricycle" and "ATV" according to the definition of GOST R 52051-2003 (but with the letter "a" - this is how it was affirmed in the oral and written language);

to exclude the term “motonarts” from the SDA text, as obsolete and not used, replace it with the only correct and actually the only used term - “snowmobiles”;

include in the group “other motor vehicles” a new category - “off-road motor vehicles”, these include snowmobiles, as well as all-terrain vehicles on ultra-low pressure tires (pneumatics), stipulating that their registration, as well as control over their technical condition, are managed Technical Supervision Authorities of the Russian Federation.

So, in our opinion, we should first bring traffic rules in line with current standards, common sense and realities on today's roads, and only then “build” moped drivers and scooters.

At a time when the Moscow traffic police were racking their brains over how to implement the decree of the capital’s government (initiated by the same Moscow traffic police) on “numbering” scooters, at the other end of Russia, in the Jewish Autonomous Region, everything had already been done, but “hacked” federal officials.

Mandatory registration of mopeds in this Far Eastern region was carried out from 1999 to 2001. Here is what I said. about. chief of the traffic police Birobidzhan, police lieutenant colonel Gennady SEMENTSOV.

At that time, the head of the traffic police, colonel of police Pavel Vorozhbit, was preoccupied with uncontrolled and turning into a dangerous ride on mopeds and scooters, gushing in a rampart from near Japan. What have you done? To register with the car inspection, the owner provided a certificate account or customs declaration. If there was neither one nor the other, a written confirmation of the legitimacy of the purchase, certified by two witnesses, was enough - and the owner was given a TCP in the generally accepted form, as well as a license plate.

They simply acted with the signs: they took the old Soviet moped sign as a model, only the background instead of black was made white.

They did not require an annual inspection, but drivers were required to pass exams for “rights” of category “A”. You could get them from the age of 14.

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