FROM MOSCOW TO THE MOST TO THE EDGE
RUSSIAN AUTO PARK - DATABASE OF STAFF STATEMENTS
TEXT / SERGEY KANUNNIKOV
In 2000, the automobile “livestock” of Russia grew by about 700 thousand units and reached 25.4 million. Passenger cars accounted for the lion's share of the increase - 635, 235 units.
In fact, passenger cars have a kind of anniversary - the fleet has exceeded 20 million (figure 1), and this, by the way, does not include category “B” trucks. The name composition for the year (ZR, 2000, No. 5) has not changed much - the VAZ brand (about 50%) leads, followed by Moskvich and ZAZ. In total, they account for a little more than 20%, with the share gradually decreasing - a natural decrease with almost complete absence of growth. The list is closed by Volga and UAZ vehicles, together they make up about 10% of the fleet.
The share of foreign cars is steadily, although slowly growing. In 2000, they became 14% - 0.5% more than in 1999. However, in Russia there are regions where the prefix “foreign” can be applied to domestic models (diagram 2). Japan has already made a rather significant contribution to the motorization of Russia: today almost 900 thousand cars with right-hand drive drive on our roads.
In Moscow, the share of registered foreign cars among all passenger cars is much lower than it seems when looking at the central avenues - only 28.2%. According to this indicator, the capital is only in 14th place. True, in absolute terms, everything looks different. There are almost 600 thousand imported cars in Moscow, and the Koryak Autonomous Okrug, in order to take the honorable 10th place in the list of the most foreign-made regions, turned out to be just enough … 250 cars from abroad. However, this is a noticeable 34.2% of the total fleet of 731 units.
The smallest foreign cars in Ingushetia and the Aginsky Buryat Autonomous Okrug - about 3% each.
Most cars are still old (chart 3). True, over the year, the share of those over 10 decreased by 0.2%, and young growth increased by 0.6%. But the update is very slow. Even the increased demand in the first half of 2001 (especially for imported cars) will not noticeably change the situation. However, in half a year the traffic police will have new data.